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Designed, Produced, and maintained (Edition 10, March 2019) by 

Bhavani Shankar Kodali MD

Bhavani Shankar Kodali

 

Bhavani Shankar Kodali

Bhavani Shankar Kodali

Capnograph and video laryngoscope introduced for all codes at Brigham and Women's Hospital in 2012

 

 

Short Video of the Presentation 

 

Pictures  of the Distinguished Award Presentation

 

Curriculum Vitae 

Bhavani Shankar Kodali, M.D.

Professor of Anesthesiology

University of Maryland

 

 

Date    February 11, 2019

 

Contact Information

 

Business Address:       Department of Anesthesiology

University of Maryland Medical Center,

University of Maryland

22 S. Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201

Business Phone:          (410) 328-4229

Fax:                             (617) 328-5531

Email:                         

 

Education

1971-1976       M.B.B.B., Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), University of Madras, India

1976-1981       M.D., JIPMER, University of Madras, India (Anesthesiology).

Thesis: Oxygen saturation of hemoglobin after general anesthesia using IPPR

 

Post Graduate Education and Training

 

1976-1977

Intern, Compulsory Rotation, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

1978-1981

Resident, Anesthesia, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

1993-1994

Intern, MetroWest Medical Center

1994-1995

Resident, Anesthesia, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School

1994-1995

1996-1998

1996-1998

Fellow, Clinical Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School

Resident, Anesthesia, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School

Fellow, Clinical Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School

1998-1998

Fellow, Obstetric Anesthesia, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School (6 months)

 

Certification

 

1978                Full Medical practice license in India

1982                Full Medical practice license in Guyana

1983                Full Medical practice license in Barbados

1992                ECFMG Certification

1993                FLEX Certification

1996                Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Registration and Discipline in Medicine

1999                American Board of Anesthesiology

2006-present   Advanced Cardiac Life Support Instructor (ACLS)

2007                Advanced Trauma Life Support

2007

WMD/Hazardous Material Response course

2007

Crisis Resource Management for Academic Anesthesiologists

2008                Brigham and Women’s Physician Leadership Program, Harvard Business School

2011                Leadership Negotiation Training, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

2014                Simulation Instructor Certifications, The Institute for Medical Simulation, NYSIM, NY

 

Medical Licensures

 

1978                Inactive, India

1982                Inactive, Guyana

1983                Inactive, Barbados

1996                Active, Commonwealth of Massachusetts

2018                Active, State of Maryland

 

Employment History

 

Academic Appointments

 

1981-1982

Senior Registrar, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

1986-1993

Associate Lecturer, University of West Indies, Barbados

1998-1998

Instructor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

1999-2002

Assistant Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

2003-present

Associate Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

2018

Professor of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland.

 

Other Employment

 

1981-1982

Senior Resident in Anesthesiology, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

 

1982-1983

Anesthesiologist, McKenzie Hospital, Guyana Mining Enterprise, Linden, Guyana, South America

 

1983-1985

Senior Registrar in Anesthesia, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

 

1985-1993

1990-1990

Attending Anesthesiologist, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

Consultant, Government of St. Lucia

 

1995-1996

Attending Anesthesiologist, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

 

1998-2018

2007-present

Staff Anesthesiologist, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

External Reviewer for promotions at various universities such as the University of Pittsburg and University of Massachusetts

 

2008-2010

 

2008- present

Clinical Director, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

Instructor, Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2010-2017

 

2012-2012

 

2012-2012

 

2013- present

 

 

2013- 2018

Vice Chairman, Clinical Affairs, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

External Examiner, D.M. Anesthesiology Program, June examinations, University of West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados

External Examiner, D.M. Anesthesiology Program, December examinations, University of West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados

Visiting Professor, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2013, Sri Ramachandra University (an affiliate of Harvard International), Porur, Chennai, India

Consultant, Department of Surgery, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

2014-2015

 

2015-2015

 

2015-2015

Interim Chair, Anesthesiologist-In-Chief, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

External Examiner, D.M. Anesthesiology Program, December examinations, University of West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados

External Examiner, D.M. Anesthesiology Program, December examinations, University of West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados

2016-2018

Implementation of CRICO mandated Simulation training programs for anesthesia residents and staff, as well as surgical residents in group training. Stratus Center for medical Simulation. Brigham and women’s Hospital.  

2017-2018

Oversaw the implementation OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation) Applied Examination for the residents.

2018

Chief of Obstetric Anesthesiology, University of Maryland Medical Center. Baltimore, Maryland.

2018

Chief Safety Officer, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland.

2018

Assistant Director, MOCA Simulation Center, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.

 

 

 

Professional Society Memberships

 

1978-1993

Member, Indian Society of Anaesthetists

1983- present 

Member, Barbados Society of Anaesthetists

1985- present

Member, National Association of Critical Care Medicine, India

1987-1994

Member, Association of Anaesthetists of Gr. Britain and Ireland

1994- present

Member, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

1994- present

Member, International Anesthesia Research Society

1994- present 

Member, Massachusetts Society of Anesthesiologists

1998- present

Member, Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology (SOAP)

2002-2007

Appointed by the President Elect of ASA to the Subcommittee on Equipment, Monitoring and Engineering Technology to oversee the implementation of the goals of the Society  

2008-present

Appointed by the President Elect of ASA to the Subcommittee on Patient Safety and Practice Management to oversee the implementation of the goals of the Society

2008-2010

Chairman of SOAP website task force

2010-2017

Media Committee, SOAP

2012- present

Life Member, National Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, India

2015

Nominated to be the Scientific Advisor for the 8th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists and 1st World Obstetric Anesthesiology Congress, India

2016

Nominated to be the Scientific Advisor for the 9th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, Mumbai, India

 

 

Honors and Awards

 

1981

Indian Society of Anaesthetists (Pondicherry Branch) medal for Outstanding Anesthesia Resident.

1992

British Journal of Anesthesia International Scholarship for the year 1992

1997

Foundation of Anesthesia Education and Research (FAER) scholar 1997

2002

Awards in Excellence presented by the Faculty of Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine for outstanding contribution.

2002

Special Award presented by the Postgraduate Assembly in Anesthesiology for exhibit entitled Education in the new millennium at the Annual Meeting held in New York, December 6th – 10th, 2002

2004

Teacher of the Year Award, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2004

Clinical Innovation Award, Brigham and Women’s Physician Organization (BWPO). This award is presented to the outstanding contributions to the Brigham and Women’s clinical community in the area of clinical innovation.

2008

Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Business School Leadership Certification

2009

Third Prize for 3-D Understanding of thoracic epidural placement, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) Scientific Exhibit, New Orleans, LA, USA

2010

Mentee (fellow Neeti Sadana, MD) won first prize SOAP Gertie Marx award for my investigation entitled Traditional versus New Transfusion Protocol for Obstetrics. Which is Better?

2011

Third Prize for 3-D – A novel, simple video model for YouTube, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) Scientific Exhibit, Chicago, USA

2011

Partners in Excellence Team Award for Face Transplant Team presented by Partners Health Care, Boston, MA

2012

Two day workshop in Change Acceleration Process conducted by Center of Clinical Excellence, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2012

Awarded Annual Oration Lecture and Citation at the 5th National Association of Obstetric Anaesthesiologists, New Delhi, India

2013

Partners in Excellence Team Award for the work on the Perioperative Safety Committee presented by Partners Health Care, Boston, MA

2014

Vijaylakshmi Kamat Memorial Oration Medal, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education, Chennai, India

2015

Awarded plaque in recognition of service as Department Interim Chairman

“We thank you for
hearing our concerns and ideas,
keeping an open door, mind and heart,
offering a reassuring voice of reason,
leading during a time of difficulty,
communicating with honesty and care,
advocating for our better future,
inspiring us to embrace change,
and keeping a sense of humor.

With deepest gratitude and admiration,
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Brigham and Women’s Hospital”

2015

 

 

2015

 

2016

 

Awards in Excellence, Presented annually by the faculty of Brigham and Women’s Hospital’s Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain, Boston, MA in appreciation for outstanding contributions

Nominated to be the Scientific Advisor for the 8th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists and 1st World Obstetric Anesthesiology Congress, India

Nominated to be the Scientific Advisor for the 9th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, Mumbai, India

2016

 

 

2017

Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Nashik, India. The plaque reads In recognition of your tireless efforts to worthy cause and your willingness to share your experience with the delegates and the participants

Distinguished Clinician Award by Brigham and Women’s Hospital, to recognize the most accomplished and most widely recognized practicing physicians on the BWH staff.

 

2018

Awards in Excellence, Presented annually by the faculty of Brigham and Women’s Hospital’s Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain, Boston, MA in appreciation for outstanding contributions

 

2018

Dr. Ravindra Bhatt Memorial Oration Lecture: Non anesthesiology skills for a successful anesthesiology career. Ganga Medical Center, Coimbatore, India.

 

2018

Dr. Phanindranath Thota Oration Lecture: How to be a successful anesthesiologist. Andhra Pradesh State Anesthesiology Conference, Tirupathi, India.

Clinical Activities

 

Board certified anesthesiologist

Additional board certification in the sub-specialty of obstetric anesthesia

Clinical and research focus are in the areas of obstetric anesthesia and capnography

 

Scope of Clinical Practice

 

1981-1982

Adult, Pediatric, and Obstetric Anesthesia

JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

5 days per week with occasional weekends

 

1982-1983

Adult, Pediatric, and Obstetric Anesthesia

McKenzie Hospital

5 days per week with occasional weekends

 

1983-1996

Adult, Pediatric, and Obstetric Anesthesia

Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

 

5 days per week with occasional weekends

1998- 2013

Thoracic and Vascular Anesthesia

Brigham & Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2 days per week with occasional weekends

 

1998- 2018

 

Obstetric Anesthesia and Anesthesia for Interventional and Endoscopic procedures

 

Brigham & Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

 

1998-2007 2 days per week with occasional weekends

2008-present 3 days per week with occasional weekends

2018-

Obstetric Anesthesiology and anesthesia for surgical procedures

University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD

3-4 days a week

                                   

 

Development of any Clinical Programs

 

1982-1983

Establishment of Intensive Care Unit, Linden, Guyana, South America

I established a four-bed Intensive Care Unit at Guyana Mining Enterprise Limited Hospital, Linden, Guyana to serve the local community. The Intensive Care Unit was inaugurated by the Health Minister of Guyana and dedicated to the community. The local newspaper carried the new story of its development. I trained nurses via theory and practical teaching sessions. The unit successfully treated patients with Myasthenia Gravis, surgical, and medical patients.

1986

Flow requirements for Bain breathing circuit during anaesthesia for Caesarean section

This is the first study to determine the flow rates required during general anesthesia for cesarean delivery using Bain breathing system to maintain normocarbia of pregnancy rather than in advertently lowering the maternal arterial carbon dioxide. The results of this study helps clinicians to avoid unintentional hypocarbia that can decrease uterine artery blood flow (Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, 33(5):583-7).  

1986

End-tidal carbon dioxide tension reflects arterial carbon dioxide tension

This is the first study to show that end-tidal carbon dioxide tension reflects arterial carbon dioxide tension. The clinical impact of this study is prevention of hyperventilation resulting in lower arterial carbon dioxide tension that could result in decreased uterine blood flow. This study also showed that negative arterial to end-tidal gradients can occur in pregnant women. Although once considered impossible to occur, negative gradients do occur during anesthesia in pregnant women. A physiological explanation is provided based on the pregnancy induced changes in respiratory and cardiovascular physiology (Anaesthesia, 41:698-70). The occurrence of negative arterial to end-tidal gradients has been subsequently confirmed by many investigators, and they offer the explanation provided from our work.

1987

End-tidal carbon dioxide tension in the post partum period

A subsequent study in post partum women also confirmed that the respiratory physiology in the immediate postpartum period is similar to that during pregnancy (Anaesthesia, 42:482-6).

1987

Cause of decreased arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide difference in pregnant women

For the first time, the cause of the decreased arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide difference in pregnant women was determined to be due to a decrease in alveolar dead space during pregnancy (Canadian  Journal of Anaesthesia, 34(4):373-6).

1987-1993

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1997-1993

 

Innovative improvement in Barbados

During my anesthesia practice in Barbados, I was the key member to address several vital problems that are unique and inherent to small developing nations. To mention few, the disposable components of anesthesia machines were imported into Barbados. An unpredictable shortage of disposable equipment led to cancellation of cases. We created a database of all anesthesia equipment using DBASE software to track the use of disposables. An order was placed as soon as a critical number was reached for each component. This resulted in enormous savings as the items were ordered on an as needed basis in order to prevent excessive stocking. Barbados is a high humidity environment. When we installed oxygen concentrators in lieu of oxygen cylinders of piped oxygen supply, excessive water vapor condensed along the pipelines and made way into anesthesia machines. We designed innovative water traps along the oxygen pipelines to trap water vapor, and this solved the issue. I reviewed specific inherent problems of small developing nations and proposed solutions in a peer reviewed article ‘Anesthesia in Barbados’. I was a key member during the rebirthing phase of an entire operating room complex spearheaded by the Ministry of Health in conjunction with the World Bank. The design concepts and innovative changes mentioned above are still in existence, and the anesthesia staff in Barbados acknowledges my contribution even to this date.

Should air-oxygen replace nitrous oxide-oxygen in general anaesthesia.

During my tenure in Barbados, we were confronted with a shortage of nitrous oxide on the island. At the time, it was customary to cancel cases due to fear of awareness if anesthesia is giving without nitrous oxide. Therefore, a study was conducted to demonstrate that nitrous oxide can be safely omitted during routine anesthesia without fear of producing awareness. Performing general anesthetic procedures without nitrous oxide has become a norm of today. (Anaesthesia, 1987, 42(6):609-12).

 1990

Consultant, Government of St. Lucia

A part of a two member team invited by the Government of St. Lucia for investigating bizarre cases of post-anaesthesia facial swelling in several patients. A systematic interview of anaesthesiologists, nurses and technicians was conducted in addition to examination of anaesthetic practice, sterilization of non-disposable equipment and anaesthesia machines. The problem was traced to airways and non-disposable endotracheal tubes; the airways were sterilized using cidex for 30 minutes, which was followed by inadequate water washing and soaking (approx. 10 min). The problem was easily rectified by thorough washing, rinsing, and soaking in water twice the duration of glutaraldehyde contact.

1999

Dual capnography facilitates detection of a critical perfusion defect in an individual lung

For the first time, the concept of dual capnography was described and employed during anesthesia to evaluate the ventilation/perfusion status of each lung. A simple sampling technique of expired gases from each lung facilitates the assessment of ventilation/perfusion status of each lung independently (Anesthesiology, 90(1):302-4). This helps physicians to identify a major pulmonary perfusion defect in a lung.

2000

Respiratory and cardiovascular physiology in pregnant women undergoing laparoscopic surgery

The need to address respiratory and cardiovascular physiology in pregnant women undergoing laparoscopic surgery became a necessity due to concerns of fetal compromise. Based on earlier studies in pregnant ewes, it was suggested that arterial blood gas measurements were required for pregnant women undergoing laparoscopic surgery for the fear of hypercarbia and consequent acidosis that is detrimental to the fetus. Our study was the first to prove that arterial blood gas analysis is not necessary and end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring is sufficient enough to monitor arterial carbon dioxide as it closely reflects arterial carbon dioxide. Because of this critical finding, anesthesiologists are confident enough to provide anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery in pregnant women using end-tidal carbon dioxide as a guide to predict arterial carbon dioxide levels in order to ensure fetal safety (Anesthesiology, 93(2):370-3).

2000

Defining segments and phases of a time capnogram

I was the key member to initiate and develop a standard nomenclature to demarcate various components of capnograms. This nomenclature was deemed necessary for future clinical communication and research and is now adapted by many, including the Nunn’s Respiratory Physiology and the 2014 8th Edition of Miller’s Anesthesia textbook. The study paper highlights the limitations of the current capnography devices and provides suggestions for the future direction of research and improvements. The concept of superimposing respiratory flow rate waveforms over capnograms to delineate the components of capnograms is already being implemented in some newer capnography devices (Anesth Analg., 91(4):973-7). 

2001

Hemodynamics during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy

In order to address physician’s uncertainty of cardiac output changes during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy, we studied the hemodynamic changes during these procedures. We proved that the decreases in cardiac output is similar (30% decrease) in pregnant as well as non-pregnant subjects undergoing laparoscopic surgery; however, ephedrine boluses were required to maintain blood pressures within the pre-induction blood pressure range (Anesth Analg., 93(6):1570-1).

2001

Website: www.Capnography.com

My website on capnography has been designed, produced, and maintained, with no sponsorship, to provide a complete review on end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring during anesthesia and intensive care. This educational website for anesthesiologists, clinicians, medical care providers, emergency ambulance personnel, engineers, medical students and manufacturers is freely accessible to professionals all over the world. It’s an "All-In-One" on capnography using several animations designed, frame by frame, by me to explain underlying physical and physiological concepts of capnography in addition to highlighting clinical applications. The website has many downloadable modules that professionals seek my permission to use in their hospital or institutional teaching curriculum. The site that has over 450,000 visits annually and is ranked first or second of 330,000 results on all web search engines. My continuous commitment to educating professionals includes periodically updating the site, answering email queries, and initiating discussions on the future of capnography in technology and applications.

Capnography.com has been reviewed in many prominent anesthesiology and non-anesthesiology journals in the United States and Europe including the journal of Anesthesiology (October 2001), British Journal of Anesthesia (October 2001), Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (October 2001), and Canadian Journal of Anesthesia (April 2003). It has been summarized as a great teaching contribution on capnography. For example, Professor Elizabeth Frost of the Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York wrote in the Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology, "It is an effective teaching tool for all residents and helpful for the clinician who wishes to better understand the disease process that generates abnormal waveforms. I believe that a candidate for the oral board examinations might well find that 15 minutes spent at this site shortly before the interview proves invaluable." Dr. C.J.R. Parker of the Royal Liverpool University Hospital, England, made the following comments in the British Journal of Anaesthesia: "There is lot of material on this site, and it is impossible to list all the good things.  It will be a learning resource for students – and I will be recommending it.  It may also become a forum for specialists.  A web publisher can reach a potentially vast readership, and has the opportunity to create something quite different from a book, with the possibilities of animation and of interaction." 

Capnography.com was also reviewed in this nation's premiere anesthesia journal in the Journal Anesthesiology by Dr. J.M. Cusick, Director of Anesthesiology, at Luke Air Force Base, Arizona and edited by Professor James C. Eisenach of Wake Forest University Hospital as follows: “Dr. Bhavani Shankar Kodali has put forth great effort to produce the equivalent of a capnography textbook and made it freely available on the Internet. The site provides a complete review of end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring during anesthesia and intensive care.  In addition, his website provides animated graphics that are not possible to produce in a textbook and can greatly facilitate learning and therefore is recommended to students.  Capnography.com is truly an ‘all-in-one’ for the subject of capnography.” 

Unsolicited accolades are left on the feedback page thanking me for providing such extensive and comprehensive information on capnography on the web for free. Some examples of unsolicited feedback include the following.

“I am creating an educational power point to test for competency in Capnography for our facility. I would like to get permission to use some of the images in your presentations. Thank you.”

“Excellent lecture for my residents and staff that need to learn about capnography for sedation. I would like to print out your powerpoint to give to my residents, if that would be OK. It has your name on it, and I would not claim it as my lecture...just want to be able to print it out 4 per page so they have something to take notes on. Thanks, Dr Bronk”

“Brilliant site, previously used it for my part 1 ANZCA exam 2 years ago. Now using it for my final prep. first time at the new look edition of your site today.”

“I am a Nursing Lecturer at Deakin University Melbourne Australia.  I teach in the Post Graduate Nursing Masters program, particularly in the critical care nursing stream.  I am putting together a PowerPoint audiovisual lecture for our post graduate students and am writing to request permission to use your fantastic animations of capnogram waveforms for educational purposes.  I would have this available only to the students in our course in a secure site and of course acknowledge your work as yours.  A link to your website would also be included in the lecture. If you are happy for me to use this material, could you please write back to this address? I do appreciate your time. Kind regards Gabby Burdeu”

“Dear Dr. Kodali

I hope you are well. I wonder if you could settle a query for us, please? I have just set a test for our anaesthesia residents and asked them about the physical principles underlying measurement of CO2 in respired gases. All of them came back and described the Beer-Lambert Law. At first I thought they were just getting confused with pulse oximetry, but the more I mulled it over, the more I thought that the B-L law might actually be involved, and, on searching the www, a number of sites do say that the B-L law is used in capnography. However, the senior anaesthetists here continue to disagree, so we thought we'd consult the 'God of capnography'!

Any help very gratefully appreciated.

Best wishes

Derek

Derek Flaherty BVMS, DVA, DipECVAA, MRCA, MRCVS, FHEA Professor of Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

RCVS and European Specialist in Veterinary Anaesthesia Head of Veterinary Anaesthesia, Small Animal Hospital School of Veterinary Medicine, Bearsden Road, Glasgow”

In addition to rave journal reviews and accolades from visitors to website, the site has been selected to be presented at society meetings and has received awards. The site was presented at the ASA annual meeting in 2001 and the Post Graduate Assembly at the New York Society of Anesthesiologists in 2002. The New York State Society of Anesthesiologists recognized the site with the Special Award at the 2004 annual meeting. Also, I received the Clinical Innovation Award from Brigham and Women’s Hospital Physician’s Organization (BWPO). Brigham and Women’s Hospital also recognized my contributions. When capnography became popular during CPR, BWH reached out to me to develop a HealthStream training program for medical residents. I also provided a similar CPR teaching module on my website for the benefit of all medical professionals.

2001

Effect of magnesium on coagulation in parturients with preeclampsia

Magnesium is known to affect the coagulation process, and magnesium is commonly used in women with preeclampsia. This study showed that magnesium as used in preeclamptic women does not alter coagulation and therefore is safe to administer regional anesthesia. This study used thromboelastography to study coagulation (Anesth Analg, 92(5):1257-60).

 2002-present

Website: www.painfreebirthing.com

Designed, programmed, produced, and maintain an innovative website for pregnant women on pain free child birth options. This is the first site to use computer animation graphics to explain concepts of pain free child birth, side effects, and complications. The patients can access the information at home or in the labor and delivery suites equipped with computer internet. This patient educational website has been demonstrated at several professional conferences, notably the annual SOAP meeting in 2006. Since then, the site has been translated into eleven languages. Translation of three more languages is in progress. Many educational institutions and private practice groups refer their patients to this website. Furthermore, some institutions request permission to use my material on their patient educational websites. The SOAP provides a link to this site on their patient education module. The British Journal of Anesthesia reviewed this website as a comprehensive resource on methods of labor analgesia.

To quote, “Two years ago, we surveyed mothers who had received an epidural in labour to find out where they obtained information about the procedure. Most cited ‘magazines’ and ‘friends/family’; <3% had used the internet to find out about methods of pain relief in labour. Today, a far greater proportion of mothers‐to‐be have ready access to the internet. This has been accompanied by a proliferation of websites dedicated to providing information to mothers about methods of pain relief in labour: over 71 900 according to google.co.uk. The top ranked sites vary in quality enormously from the blatantly commercial to those produced by charitable organizations dedicated to providing independent information for mothers‐to‐be. Most of the latter take a fairly straightforward ‘glossy magazine’ approach to discussing the ‘pros’ and ‘cons’ of analgesic options, but do not go into too much detail. One notable exception is www.manbit.com/obstetspain/default.htm, which contains much useful information especially ‘in defence of epidurals’. However, this site is quite technical in nature and is more suitable for anaesthetic trainees than their patients. www.painfreebirthing.com addresses this ‘gap’ in the market by providing a fully comprehensive resource for those who wish to gain a fuller understanding of obstetric anaesthesia written in layman’s language. This site has the highest credentials, having been written by the academic department of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It immediately sets itself aside from other websites by asking the user to ‘agree’ to terms and conditions of use before being allowed entry into the rest of the site. This device, familiar to anyone who has downloaded software, adds an authoritative feel to the website and emphasizes the serious nature of the learning contract between author and reader”.

2005

Effect of amniotic fluid on coagulation and platelet function in pregnancy: an evaluation using thromboelastography

Because there was abundance of confusion on the mechanism of how amniotic fluid produces severe hemorrhage in pregnant women, we set out to prove that amniotic fluid is a strong prooagulant and results in consumption coagulopathy rather than excessive fibrinolysis. Furthermore, the study stresses that amniotic fluid embolism is always associated with an altered coagulation profile. If coagulation is normal, it may rule out amniotic fluid embolism. (Anaesthesia, 60(11):1068-72)

2006-present

Mandated capnography for reimbursement for laparoscopic surgeries in India

 

For years, I have been advocating the use of capnography for monitoring during anesthesia as a means to enhance patient safety. I’m particularly passionate about making capnography a standard in anesthesia in my home country India and have dedicated a significant amount of my non-clinical time to educate anesthesia colleagues and administrators in India to recognize the value of capnography. These efforts paid dividends as many institutions now use capnography, even in the setting of small private practices. As a testimony to this, the State Government of Andhra Pradesh issued a notification that anesthesia and surgical fees will not be reimbursed if capnography and pulse oximetry are not used (India, Government of Andhra Pradesh Order, AST/775/F25/dated, September 2011). Currently, the President of the Indian Society of Anesthesiologists is pursuing the Government of India to issue duty-free status to capnography related equipment.

2008

Airway changes during labor

This is the first study to show that labor is associated with airway changes in both visible and concealed portions of upper airway. This has relevance in the clinical management of pregnant women presenting for anesthesia during later stages of labor, or in the immediate postpartum period (Anesthesiology, 108(3):357-62). The significance of this study was highlighted in the editorial that accompanied this study. The editor of the journal Anesthesiology republished this paper as ‘Advancing Medicine in Anesthesiology’ in the last issue of the same year as he thought the study findings may change future clinical practice.

 2008

Shapiro Work Room

I was instrumental in establishing a work room in the Shapiro Area, the central location in the operating room (OR) complex, so that staff can obtain items expeditiously in case of emergency. The initial design approved prior to me taking over as Clinical Director did not have a provision for the above work room. Considerable forethought went into this project realizing the future needs of the clinicians performing complicated cases. Years later, the benefits are still appreciated by all.

2008

Anesthesia PACU office

During the infrastructural design of the Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU), there was no plan for an Anesthesiology office. I negotiated for a redesign to include space for this office which allows anesthesiologists in charge of the PACU to be present at all times ensuring patient safety.

2008

Anesthesia Command Center

The Anesthesiology Floor Leader is in charge and responsible for overseeing the flow of cases across the entire operating room complex and outside of the operating rooms (about 60 locations). To facilitate this role, there has to be a continuous flow of information regarding the status of each case in these areas. I instituted an Anesthesia Command Center (ACC) with Central Monitoring Screens so that the Anesthesiology Floor Leader can see at a glance the status of each case as it progresses. Furthermore the system notifies the call status of each anesthesiologist, and this is critical in effective staff deployment.

 2008

 

 

Pipeline restructure

Prior to my intervention, for more than 70 years, the oxygen and nitrous oxide pipelines hung from the ceiling onto the floor to be attached to the anesthesia machines. For decades, the anesthesiologists were stepping over the pipelines to cross to the other side. I asked special pendants to be installed to the wall so all the pipelines and electrical conduits go overhead to the anesthesia machines. One of the senior surgeons, who has been at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital for a long time, remarked that this is the best intervention he has observed in the operating room during his entire stay at this Institution.

2007-2008

Improved Anesthesia Technician work force

Instituted a reliable anesthesia technician work force by revising the anesthesia technician’s job description and training them to help anesthesiologists start cases in a timely manner. The previous anesthesia technician group was not effectively trained therefore contributing to inefficiencies. Presently, the anesthesia technicians set the room ready to commence anesthesia induction.

2007-2017

Build up non-OR anesthesia locations to par with operating room standards

The percentage of volume of cases being performed outside the operating room (OR) complex is increasing rapidly. One of my successful assignments is to bring all out of the operating room (OOR) locations to par with that of ORs. This has also resulted in the development of internal standards for anesthesia systems layout that is also being used in the proposed ‘Building of the Future’. This standardization of OOR locations has resulted in many Anesthesiologists volunteering to work OOR without hesitation.

2008-2017

Novel Improvements in Anesthesia Service Infrastructure:

  • Improved the availability of CMACs (37 videolaryngoscopes) in the operating room as well as outside OR locations
  • Organized the availability of CMACs and capnography monitoring to all codes (may be first in the country).
  • Ensure that all non-OR cases have nursing coverage similar to OR standards
  • Assist in streamlining preoperative preparation of non-OR cases (work in progress)
  • With the collaboration of Hospital and Anesthesia departments, I took the initiative to remodel anesthesia call rooms, which were neglected for 20 years, for on-call residents and staff.

2008-2011

Established and implemented the Perioperative Information Management System (PIMS) project and facilitate training of 250 anesthesia staff and residents in PIMS from 2009 to 2011.

2009-2011

Established anesthesia services to Advanced Multimodality Image Guided Operating Suite (AMIGO), first of its kind in the nation.

2009-present

 

Mission to enhance obstetric anesthesia in India

Another important goal of mine is to improve obstetric anesthesia in India. To this end, I have given numerous lectures, participated in countless discussions, and lead many training workshops. I regularly participate in the annual ‘Anesthesia Continuing Education for Residents Conference’ for approximately 900 residents at the Ramachandra Medical University (an affiliate of Harvard International) in Chennai, India, and in 2014, I gave the lecture ‘The future of anesthesia is in your hands: What are your obligations?’ at the Vijaylakshmi Kamat (former HMS faculty) Memorial Oration Lecture at the University. The University conferred me with ‘Visiting Professorship’ status and title recognizing my contribution to educational teaching programs for anesthesiology residents. Honoring my contribution to obstetric anesthesia and anesthesia monitoring and safety, the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists in India awarded me with the ‘Citation and Oration Medal’ at the 2012 New Delhi Annual Meeting. Additionally, I have been nominated to be the Scientific Advisor for the 2015 8th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologist and 1st World Obstetric Anesthesiology Congress, India.

Recently, I published a peer reviewed article entitled ‘Establishing an obstetric neuraxial service in low-resource areas’ which highlights important issues that are essential to practice safe obstetric anesthesia. These principles can be applied all over the world to enhance safe obstetric anesthesia. (Int J Obstet Anesth. 2014; 23(3):267-273).

2011

Improved collegial relations between nursing staff and anesthesia department members

Masterminded a systematic approach to improve the relationships between members of the nursing and anesthesia departments to foster a harmonious working environment. In the long run, better relations and interpersonal behavior help improve overall OR efficiency. This team-building activity was initiated in 2011 with an annual get-together for breakfast. The nursing leadership recognized this novel team-building activity by adding a second get-together breakfast in September inviting new CA1s to make them feel at ease during residency commencement at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

2012-2017

New OR Complex

I am currently a key participant in the designing phase of the new OR complex to be built in the next five years. I have provided several suggestions to improve the patient flow and addressed several shortcomings of the past.

2013

Capnography outside of operating rooms. Clinical Concept Commentary.

Realizing the value of capnography outside of the operating rooms, I wrote a clinical concepts commentary explaining underlying applications of capnography OOORs to anesthesiologists as well clinicians and other clinical care providers (Anesthesiology, 118:192-201). As Anesthesiology recognized the value of this contribution, the editor made this clinical commentary available free to all readers from the date of publication. As per the Anesthesiology.org website (December 2nd, 2014), this paper is ranked #1 or #2 in the most viewed category in Anesthesiology journal since 1999. 

2013

Teaching modules onCapnography outside of operating rooms’

I also made available teaching modules explaining the role of capnography during sedation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on Capnography.com. These PowerPoint teaching modules can be downloaded for internal use in any Institution.

 

2013-2016

Clinical Lead for EPIC implementation

I’m the Clinical Lead for EPIC implementation for anesthesiology services in the operating rooms in BWH as well as satellite locations Foxboro and Faulkner Hospitals. Given the size of our department of over 300 members, this enormous project requires in-depth planning and execution.

2014

Improving first case on time (FCOT) and first case in operating room (FCIR) starts

Our study ‘Variability of Subspecialty-Specific Anesthesia-Controlled Times at Two Academic Institutions’ highlights the variations in Anesthesia-Controlled Times for each surgical specialty (J Med Syst., 38:11). These times are vital in the computation of the first case on time (FCOT) starts in a tertiary teaching center. The results enabled us to adjust FCOT based on each specific specialty. This was necessary since every specialty has different needs and preparations for intended surgery. This study benefitted us to understand delays in FCOTs, and I am a key member helping our institution achieve FCIR and FCOT targets close to institutional targets. As of March 2014, we are at FCIR to 88% and FCOT to 71% (up from 34% four to five years ago). This was done by encouraging anesthesia colleagues to achieve targets and receiving feedback from many members of the department. This way, every individual feels they are a key member of the entire process and are enabling to reach the set targets. The results were presented and also published for the benefit of other institutions (J Med Syst., 38:11).

2014

Successful Strategies for the Reduction of Operating Room Turnover Times in a Tertiary Care Academic Medical Center

This study analyzes multidisciplinary factors decreasing turn over time (TOT). Operating room TOT is a complex process, and decreasing TOT is equally complex. We studied this process in depth, including sustainability of changes that decrease TOT (J Surg Res., 187:403-11). Some initiatives we studied helped to decrease TOT. We are currently in the process of implementing changes to attain sustainable improvements in decreasing TOT. The resulting article from this study was added to the comprehensive OR management bibliography (www.FranklinDexter.net/bibliography_TurnoverTimes.htm).

Franklin Dexter, MD PhD
Professor, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa
Anesthesia & Analgesia, Statistical Editor and Section Editor for Economics Education, and Policy

Consulting, on-line education, and the comprehensive OR management bibliography, www.FranklinDexter.net

2014

Transfusion Ratios for Postpartum Hemodilutional Coagulopathy: an In Vitro Thromboelastographic Model

The current trend is to use high plasma to RBC ration during hemorrhage in trauma and major surgical patients associated with bleeding. Obstetric hemorrhage is no exception to this rule and therefore this strategy of high plasma to RBC ratio has been adapted in many institutions including ours. However, there is no prospective or laboratory studies to validate this hypothesis. We were the first to analyze this in an in-vitro study. This study shows that 1:1:1 RBC:Plasma:Platelets are more efficacious than the conventional 3:1 RBC:Plasma only in the presence of adequate platelet numbers. What is usually considered an adequate number of platelets, 50,000 /µL, is not adequate during hemorrhage and transfusions, and a platelet count closer to 100,000/ µL may be optimal. This study was an editor’s pick in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

2016

Combined Anesthesia / Surgical / Nursing Simulations

After observing surgical operating room environments for 40 years, I have realized that mutual communication and respect among key groups is sparse. This is a universal observation I have made throughout my long career across different continents. This is most likely due to clinicians’ lack of understanding that ultimately team work results in successes rather than the general ‘all because of me’ myth. Moreover, medical curriculums do not include lessons on mutual respect and team behavior. A lack of team work and mutual respect has led to poor outcomes in surgical and medical practices. The CRICO organization also firmly believes that the lack of communication and mutual respect among care providers impedes the ability to function as one entity.  I firmly believe that this training must occur during the residency training period. Therefore, I spearheaded a mission of facilitating simulation sessions where surgical and anesthesia residents, along with nurses participate jointly at the Stratus Center of Brigham and Women’s Hospital.  This methodology promotes mutual respect, close loop communication, and team work among care providers very early in their training. Moreover, the team that participates in simulation exercises could be the same team that is involved in an actual crisis in the Institution. Two sessions successfully were completed, and tremendously positive feedback was the result. Further sessions will determine its ultimate success.

2016

Improved collegial relations between nursing staff and anesthesia department members has led to including surgeons to the casual breakfast get-together sessions.

This year, realizing the benefit of the casual breakfast sessions started in 2011, the Chief Nursing Officer and Chairmen of Surgery and Anesthesiology have decided to extend the casual meeting between nurses and anesthesiologists to include surgeons. This is probably one of the greatest success stories fostering team work at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. I hope that other Institutions in the world follow this process of fostering mutual respect and team work. 

2018

Update many anesthesiology practices in the newly expanded obstetric service at University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore. Highlight is the introduction of Programmed Intermittent Epidural Bolus Labor Analgesia. This most advanced labor analgesia practice is current in this country. 

 

 

 

 

 

Administrative Service

 

Institutional Service

 

2006-2008

Associate Clinical Director, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

 

2008-  2018

Member of Faculty Board, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

 

2008-2010

Clinical Director, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

2010- 2017

Vice Chairman, Clinical Affairs, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2014- 2016

Anesthesiology Lead, Epic implementation, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

09/01/2014- 06/01/2015

Interim Chair, Anesthesiologist-In-Chief, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

 

Local Service

 

1982-1983

Chief of Intensive Care Unit, Linden Hospital, Guyana Mining Enterprise Hospital,

Guyana, South America

1982-1983

Intensive Care Committee. Chief person responsible for establishing a four bed Intensive Care Unit at Linden, Guyana Mining Enterprise Hospital, Linden, Guyana

1985-1993

Advisor for recruiting personnel to the Department of Anesthesia from Overseas, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

1987-1993

Advisor to the Committee responsible for refurbishing operating rooms and establishment of Intensive Care Unit under World Bank loan in Barbados, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

1988-1993      

Intensive Care Nurses Training Committee - Teacher/Examiner, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

1988-1993

 

1989-1993      

Advisor to the Hospital Equipment Purchase Committee (Anesthesia), Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

Senior Consultant, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

2000-2005

Transfusion Committee Member, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2003-2005

Director, Clinical Competency, Faculty Development, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

2005-2006

Brigham and Women’s Physicians Organization Award Selection Committee, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

2005- 2018

Member of Staff Recruiting Committee, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

Post Anesthesia Care Unit Reconstruction Planning Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

Surgical operating rooms Infection Control Committee, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

Clinical Practice Committee, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

Information Systems Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

Post Anesthesia Care Leadership Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

First Case on Time Start (FCOT) Committee, Operating Room, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

Operating Room Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

Operating Room Capacity Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2008- 2018

Operating Room Steering Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2009- 2018

Hybrid OR Steering Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2009-  2018

Operating Room Executive Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2009- 2013

PIMS – Electronic Medical Records Implementation Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2009-2010

Perioperative Governance Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2010- 2018

Drug Policy and Executive Committee, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2013-  2018

Clinical Lead for Epic Implementation, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2014

Anesthesia Lead for Epic Implementation, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2018

Chief Safety Officer, Department of Anesthesiology, UMMC, Baltimore, MD

2018

Obstetric Patient Safety Committee, UMMC, Baltimore, MD

 

Local, National, and International Service

 

1996- present

 

2001-2002

Consultant Reviewer, Capnography and Obstetric Anesthesia related articles for Journal of Anesthesia and Analgesia

Guest Editor, Journal of Anesthesia and Analgesia

2002

Referee, European Journal of Anaesthesiology

2002- present

Reviewer, Capnography related articles for Journal of Anesthesiology

2002- present

Referee, Journal of Postgraduate Medicine

2007- present

Referee, Journal of Chest

2007- present

Reviewer, Journal of Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques

2007- present

Reviewer, International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia

2008- present

Reviewer, Journal of Clinical Anesthesia

2008- present 

Reviewer, Indian Journal of Medical Sciences

2008- present

Reviewer, Journal Simulation in Health

2008-present

Reviewer, Journal of Minerva Anesthesiologica

2008

Reviewer, Journal Clinical Anatomy

2009

Reviewer, British Medical Journal – Childhood Diseases

2011- present

Reviewer, Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

2011- present

Reviewer, Journal of Cardiovascular Anesthesia

2012- present

Reviewer, Journal of Critical Care Medicine

2013- present

Reviewer, Journal of Pediatrics

2016- present

Reviewer, Indian Journal of Anesthesia

2018-present

British Journal of Anaesthesia

 

 

Teaching Service

 

Medical Student Teaching

 

2004-2018       Supervision of HMS Medical Students in Operating Rooms, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA- 4 days/week

2016-2018       Alexander Blair, 4th year medical student. Analysis of Discarded Breath Samples using an NFC-modified Device.

Mentor: Testing the device in clinical practice

 

2018-               Medical students from University of Maryland                    

 

Resident and Fellow Teaching

 

1998-2018       Monthly residents and fellow lectures, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

                        Obstetric Rotations- 24 hours/year

1999- 2018      Supervision of Obstetric Anesthesia Fellows in Operating Rooms, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA- 4 days/week

2004- 2018      Supervision of Residents in Operating Rooms, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA- 4 days/week

2008- 2018      Instructor, Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA- minimum 4 days/year

2008-2008       Michaela Farber, MD.  Instructor in Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

Advisor for clinical studies with 1 peer reviewed publications (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology).  During her fellowship, my mentored project won the Gertie Marx Best Paper Award a the Annual Meeting of the Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology.

2010-2014       Preparatory Oral Examinations, Massachusetts General Hospital

                        Outgoing residents and fellows, 5 hours/year

2013-2014       Morbidly Obese Parturients, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

                        Annual Resident Lecture, 1 hour/year

2013                Anthony Chau, MD.  Fellow, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital.  Clinical supervisor during fellowship. Mentor and advisor to research projects. The study results presented at Annual meeting of Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology. Advisor to the manuscript preparation under way.

2014-15

Lynn Choi, MD, Clinical Fellow, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

Mentor: Is maternal temperature rise during labor analgesia a physiological process due to decreased pulmonary ventilation? Abstract accepted for Gertie Marx Research Competition, SOAP, May13-17, 2015, Colorado Springs, Colorado

2015

 

 

2017

 

 

Dan Drzymalalski, Clinical Fellow, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

Mentor: Effect of music on labor and delivery.  Abstract accepted for oral presentation, SOAP, May20-22, 2015, Boston, Massachusetts.

Amber Bernhardt, MD and Kyle Jespersen, Clinical Fellows, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

Mentor: Anatomy of epidural needles

2018

Residents – Anesthesiology, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD.

 

Peer Teaching

 

1984-1986

Mark Crawford MD, Anesthesiologist in Chief, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Career Mentor in Barbados.

1987-2014

Yasodananda Kumar MD, Professor Anesthesia, University of West Indies, Barbados Campus

Career Mentor: Peer reviewed publications. Currently editing a book on Anesthesia Equipment jointly.

1988-1991

Michael Fakoory MD, Head of the Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados.

Career Advisor and Mentor in Barbados.

1999

 

 

1999-2000

You N. Wu MD. Lutherville Timonium, MD

Supervised the effect of Hetastarch on coagulation. Abstract, Anesthesiology SOAP suppl 1999.

Paul Nelson, MD, Anesthesiologist, Austin, Texas

Supervisor: Can epidural saline promote recovery from spinal anesthesia. Anesthesiology Suppl 2000.

1999-2005

Miriam Harnett, MD.  Consultant, University of Cork, Ireland.  Supervisor of clinical training and research studies, resulting in 5 subsequent peer reviewed publications.

1999-2001

 

2000

 

Murat Kaynar MD, Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh, PA

Mentor: Projects published as peer review papers.

Lecture: How to make your epidurals work, Harvard Medical School (HMS) Regional Anesthesia Update, Royal Sonesta Hotel, Cambridge, Boston, MA

2000-2001

Oladiran Amosu MD, Fayetteville, GA

Supervised a project: Cerebral oxygenation during cesarean delivery. Anesthesiology Suppl 2000.

2000-2001

Rachel Ferrhagar MD, Consultant Anesthesiologist, Galway University Hospital, Galway, Ireland.

Clinical supervisor for Fellowship and mentor for a chapter in Churchill Davidson’s Text Book of Anesthesia.

2000

Malov Stanislov, MD, Pain Attending, Towson, MD

Supervisor for study: Do rapidly administered intermittent epidural boluses provide better labor analgesia? Anesthesiology Suppl 2000.

2001

Chandrasekhar S. Assistant Professor, Baylor College of Medicine. Houston, Texas

Mentor for the study: Airway changes in labor using acoustic technology. Peer reviewed and published in Anesthesiology.

2002

David Hepner MD. Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School

Study advisor: Effect of supine position duration on the headache relief following epidural blood patch. Anesthesiology 2002 Suppl.

2003

Vladislav Frenk MD, Private Practice, Stamford, CT

Mentor: Regional anesthesia in parturients with low platelet counts. Anesthesiology 2003 Suppl.

2003

Panni SK MD. Professor of Anesthesia. University of Mississippi Hospital.

Mentor: Peer reviewed publication.

2003

Maddipati Sreelata MD. Staff anesthesiologist, Kaiser Permante Hospital, California

Mentor for fellowship and supervised Where do our patients obtain information about labor pain relief? Anesthesiology 2003 Suppl.

2004

Edgar Celis, MD.  Private Practitioner.  Massachusetts.  Clinical supervisor during fellowship and mentor to develop Spanish version of Painfreebirthing.com website.

2004-2007

Nollag O’Rourke FFARCSI. Staff Anesthesiologist, Cork, Ireland

Supervisor and mentor: Quantitative and qualitative relationship of platelets in pregnancy. Anesthesiology 2004 Suppl.

2004

David Hepner MD. Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School

Supervised a study on Indications of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Anesthesiology 2004 Suppl.

2004

Venkatesh Srinivasa MD. Vice Chairman, Veterans Administration Hospital, Roxbury, MA

Supervisor and mentor for thoracic fellowship. Mentor: Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide difference during thoracoscopic surgery. Anesthesiology 2004 Suppl.

2006

Virginia Sylva RN. Nursing Coordinator of Fetal Surgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

Menteor: Anesthetic, obstetric, and neonatal issues of in-utero fetal surgery. Anesthesiology 2006 Suppl.  Published as peer reviewed article in Journal of Perinatology.

2007-2014

 

 

2008- present

Jasmeet Oberoi MD, Cherry Hill, NJ

Mentor: Uptodate article on ‘Postoperative pain following gynecological surgery’.

Instructor, Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA- minimum 4 days/year

2009

Karen Mitchell MD. Anesthesiologist, Washington DC

Mentor: Use of PVI in the prediction of hypotesnion following spinal aneshesia. SOAP presentation.

2009

Miha Podovei, MD. Instructor in Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

Advisor for clinical studies.  Published two chapters.

2010

Neeti Sadana MD. Anesthesiolgist, Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas

Mentor: Traditional versus new transfusion protocol for obstetric hemorrhage. Whichi is better. Won Gertie Marx Award for the best paper.

2010

Samuel Galvagno MD. Assitant Professor, John Hopkins, Baltimore, MD

Mentor: Chapter: Capnography in Intensive care units.

2011

Lorraine Chow MD. Staff Anesthesiologist, University of Calgary, Canada

Mentor: Comparison of disposable and nondisposable sonsors for measuring hemoglobin noninvasively. SOAP 2011.

2012

 

 

 

2012-2018

Stephanie Yacoubian MD. Instructor, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

Mentor: Cardiac output changes in following epidural and combined spinal epidural analgesia for labor and delivery.  SOAP 2012.

Course Director for annual Harvard Airway Workshop, HMS Harvard Anesthesia update, Fairmont Copley, Course conducted at Stratus Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2013

Hans Sviggum, MD.  Assistant Professor, Mayo School of Medicine.  Clinical supervisor during fellowship. Mentor during his fellowship and advisor to publication in the Journal of Perinatology.

2013

Dinesh Jagannathan MD, Private Practice, Chennai, India. Staff Anesthesiologist, UMASS Medical Center, MA

Mentor: Chapters and peer reviewed publication

2013

Sagarika Ponnuru MD, Dallas, Texas

Mentor: Chapter on Capnography for Intensive Care Nursing text book

2014

 

 

Joshua Vacanti MD, Instructor Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

Mentor: Operating room Efficiency and processes.  Peer reviewed publication

2015-2016

Sujathaha Pentakota MD: Junior staff. Department of Anesthesiology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Boston, MA.

Mentor: Evaluation of Respiratory Monitoring Device, a novel device to measure minute ventilation.

2015-2016

 

 

 

2017

Angela Nichols, MD. Junior staff. Department of Anesthesiology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Boston, MA.

 Mentor: Evaluation of Respiratory Monitoring Device, a novel device to measure minute ventilation.

Amber Bernhardt, MD and Kyle Jespersen, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

Mentor: Anatomy of epidural needles

 

 

Patient Teaching

 

1984          

Medical Coordinator for First International Barbados Marathon run, Barbados.  Member of emergency medical team providing emergency care to participants of initial events of “International Marathon runner” competition in Barbados.  Emergency care was necessary for several visitors who were extensively dehydrated due to lack of acclimatization to tropical climate. In later years, better acclimatization by the participants to tropical climate, and training of emergency physicians to provide care, did not require anaesthesia group participation.

 

Grant Support

 

Active Grants

 

2014-

(PI: 100%)

Evaluation of non-invasive respiratory monitoring versus capnography in patients receiving intravenous sedation.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2014-

(PI: 100%)

Does maternal fever during labor analgesia has any relationship with maternal ventilation?

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2019

Evaluation of Point of Care Coagulation System: Quantra. University of Maryland Medical center, Baltimore, MD.

 

Completed Grants

 

1998-2000

(PI: 100%)

Do rapidly administered intermittent epidural boluses provide better labor analgesia?

Abott Inc.

1998-2000

(Co-PI: 50%)

Arterial and end tidal CO2 difference during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy

Anesthesia Research Foundation

1999-2000

(Co-PI: 50%)

Thromboelastography in patients receiving warfarin prophylaxis and epidural analgesia

PI: Hepner

1999-2001

(PI: 100%)

Thromboelastography in parturients receiving magnesium

Haemoscope Inc.

1999-2002

(Co-PI: 50%)

In vitro fertilization induced changes in coagulation using thromboelastography Haemoscope Inc.

2000-2002

(Co-PI: 50%)

Duration of the supine position after an epidural blood patch.

PI: Hepner

2002-2004

(Co-PI: 50%)

General anesthesia for cesarean delivery. What is the etiology?

PI: Hepner

2003

(Co-PI: 50%)

Complementary and alternative medicine use in patients undergoing In-vitro Fertilization procedures.

PI: Tsen

2003-2005

(PI: 100%)

How does amniotic fluid affect coagulation?

Haemoscope Inc.

1999-2005

(PI: 100%)

Website - Capnography and Pain free birthing

Funded by self

2003-2004

(PI: 100%)

Evaluation of a Novel Whole Blood Platelet Function Test in Parturients

2004-2005

 

 

(PI: 100%)

How do Pregnant Women obtain Information about Pain Relief Methods for Labor and Delivery? A Survey

2004-2005

(PI: 100%)

Anesthetic Considerations in Fetal Surgery

2004-2006

 

 

(PI: 100%)

Arterial to End-tidal Carbon Dioxide Differences during Anesthesia of Thoracoscopic Surgery

2005-2006

(PI: 100%)

Correlation between transcutaneous CO2 monitoring and arterial PaCO2

Sentec AG

2005-2007

(PI: 100%)

Evaluation of novel capnography techniques Cardiopulmonary Technologies, Inc.

2006-2009

(PI: 100%)

Low Platelets in Pregnancy. How Low is Good Enough?

2006-2009

(Co-PI: 50%)

Oxytocin versus calcium for uterine tone enhancement following cesarean delivery

PI: Tsen

2006-2010

(PI: 100%)

Comparison of activated clotting time, thromboelastogram, and Anti-Xa assay in detecting decline of therapeutic concentration of enoxaparin

2008-2010

(PI: 100%)

Evaluation of non-invasive physiological parameters during aortic cross clamping Respronics Inc.

2008-2010

(PI: 100%)

Prediction hypotension during spinal anesthesia from preoperative PI and PVI noninvasive pulse oximetry variables

Masimo Technology, Inc

2009-2010

(PI: 100%)

Coagulation Profile of the Blood used for Epidural Blood Patch

2009-2011

(PI: 100%)

Evaluation of Non-Invasive Physiological Parameters during Aortic Cross Clamping Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2010-2011

(PI: 100%)

Traditional versus New Transfusion Protocol for Obstetrics. Which is Better?

2010-2011

(PI: 100%)

Evaluation of SpHb Monitor for Obstetrics

Masimo Technology, Inc

2011-2012

(PI: 100%)

Evaluation of cardiac output changes following labor epidural and combined spinal epidural anesthesia

Interdepartmental and intradepartmental funds, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

2011-2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012-2017

 

 

 

 

 

2015-2017

(PI: 100%)

Cardiac output differences in obese and non obese pregnant patients

To determine cardiac output changes during labor in obese and non obese pregnant patients as co-investigator

Departments of Obstetrics/Gynecology and Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

$7,500

(PI: 100%)

To determine cardiac output monitoring during caesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia will change our clinical practice of using Vasopressors

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

$7,500

(PI: 100%)

Music during labor epidural placement and patient satisfaction

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

Grant Reviews

 

2013    Peer Reviewer for the Research Training Fellowship for Healthcare Professionals 2013, HPF-2013-458, University of Cork

 

2015    NIH Grants: Peer Reviewer for NIH.gov grants on capnography related projects under Surgical Sciences, Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Institute of Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA.

 

Publications

 

Peer-reviewed

 

  1. Shankar KB, Palkar NV, Nishkala R. Paraplegia following epidural potassium chloride. Anaesthesia 1985; 40:45-7.
  2. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley HSL, Gopwani H, Clarke V, Sivarajan S. Ishmael R. Halothane and topical cocaine/epinephrine: Is it safe in nasal surgery? Asian Arch Anaesth Resus. 1986; 23(2)281-6.
  3. Moseley HSL, Bhavani Shankar K, Krishnan A. Flow requirements for Bain breathing circuit during anaesthesia for Caesarean section. Can Anaesth Soc J 1986; 33(5)583-7.
  4. Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Vemula V. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference during Caesarean section anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1986; 41:698-702.
  5. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y,Vemula V. Physiological dead space during general anaesthesia for Caesarean section. Can J Anaesth 1987; 34(4):373-6.
  6. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Vemula V, Krishnan A. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference during anaesthesia for tubal ligations. Anaesthesia 1987; 42:482-6.
  7. Moseley H, Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Rao PS, Homi J. Should air-oxygen replace nitrous oxide-oxygen in general anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1987; 42(6):609-12.
  8. Shankar KB, Moseley H. Evaluation of induction properties of Diprivan (Propofol). Indian J Anaesth. 1988; 36(5):248-54.
  9. Moseley H, Shankar KB, Kumar Y, Hallsworth R, Krishnan A. Propofol: a new intravenous anesthetic. West Indian Med J. 1988; 37(3):229-31.
  10. Shankar KB, Moseley H, Vemula V, Ramasamy M, Kumar Y. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference during anaesthesia in early pregnancy. Can J Anaesth. 1989; 36(2):124-7.
  11. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y. End-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring and its clinical applications. Asian Archi Anaesth Resus. 1990; 32:41-54.
  12. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y. Capnography and its usefulness in the operating room. Journal de la SMAAR 1991; 2:2-3.
  13. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Delph Y. Capnometry and anesthesia. A Review Article. Can J Anaesth. 1992; 39:617-32.
  14. Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley HS, Delph Y. Inspiratory valve malfunction in a circle system: pitfalls in capnography. Can J Anaesth. 1992; 39(9):997-9.
  15. Moseley H, Bhavani Shankar K, Kumar AY. Anaesthesia without nitrous oxide. Postgraduate Doctor. 1992; 8(5):168-72.
  16. Bhavani Shankar K, Kumar AY, Moseley H, Hallsworth R. Terminology and the current limitations of time capnography. A brief review. J Clin Monit. 1995; 11(3):175-182.
  17. Bhavani Shankar K, Hart N, Mushlin PS. Negative pressure induced airway and pulmonary injury. Can J Anaesth. 1997; 44(1):78-81.
  18. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Mushlin PS, Hallsworth R, Fakoory M, Walrond ER. Anesthesia in Barbados. Can J Anesth. 1997; 44:559-68.
  19. Bhavani Shankar K, Steinbrook RA, Mushlin PS, Freiberger D. Transcutaneous PCO2 monitoring during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in pregnancy. Can J Anaesth.1998; 45(2):164-9.
  20. Bhavani Shankar K, Russell R, Aklog L, Mushlin PS. Dual capnography facilitates detection of a critical perfusion defect in an individual lung. Anesthesiology 1999; 90(1):302-4.
  21. Kaynar AM, Bhavani Shankar K, Mushlin PS. Lingual hematoma as a potential cause of upper airway obstruction. Anesth Analg.1999; 89(6):1573-5.
  22. Harnett MJ, Miller AD, Hurley RJ, Bhavani-Shankar K. Pregnancy, labour and delivery in a Jehovah's Witness with esophageal varices and thrombocytopenia. Can J Anaesth. 2000; 47(12):1253-5.
  23. Bhavani-Shankar K, Lynch EP, Datta S. Airway changes during Cesarean hysterectomy. Can J Anaesth. 2000; 47(4):338-41.
  24. Bhavani Shankar K, Philips JH. Defining Segments and Phases of a Time Capnogram. Anesth Analg. 2000; 91(4):973-7. 
  25. Bhavani Shankar K, Steinbrook R, Brooks DC, Datta S. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure difference during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy. Anesthesiology 2000; 93(2):370-3.
  26. Harnett MJ, Datta S, Bhavani-Shankar K. The effect of Magnesium on coagulation in parturients with preeclampsia. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92(5):1257-60.
  27. Steinbrook RA, Bhavani-Shankar K. Hemodynamics during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy. Anesth Analg. 2001; 93(6):1570-1.
  28. Hepner D, Concepcion M, Bhavani-Shankar K. Thromboelastography in patients receiving warfarin prophylaxis and epidural analgesia. J Clin Anesth. 2002; 14(6):405-10.
  29. Harnett MP, Bhavani-Shankar K, Datta S, Tsen LC. In-vitro fertilization induced alterations in coagulation and fibrinolysis as measured by thromboelastography. Anesth Analg. 2002; 95:1063-66.
  30. Panni SK, Camann W, Bhavani Shankar K. Hyperbaric therapy for a postpartum patient with prolonged epidural blockade and tomographic evidence of air. Anesth Analg. 2003; 97:1810-1.
  31. Srinivasa V, Kodali BS. Capnometry in the spontaneously breathing patient. Curr Opin Anesth. 2004; 17:517-520.
  32. Khan HB, Kodali BS. Postoperative care after cesarean section and hysterectomy. OB/GYN special edition. 2005; 8:31-33.
  33. Harnett MJ, Hepner DL, Datta S, Kodali BS. Effect of amniotic fluid on coagulation and platelet function in pregnancy: an evaluation using thromboelastography. Anaesthesia. 2005; 60(11):1068-72.
  34. Shankar KB, Posner M, Moore, FD Jr, O’Rourke, N. Laryngeal nerve monitoring during thyroid surgery in pregnancy. J Clin Anesth. 2005; 17(5):369-71.
  35. Khan HB, Kodali BS. Postoperative pain after cesarean section. In: Pian-Smith MCM, Leffert L, editors. Obstetric Anesthesia (Pocket Medicine). Version: 1.10/2005.11.7, PocketMedicine.com. 2006.
  36. O’Rourke, Bhavani-Shankar K. Laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy. Curr Opin Anaesth. 2006; 19:254-9.
  37. Felbinger TW, Posner, M, Eltzschig HK, Kodali BS. Laparoscopic splenectomy in a pregnant patient with immune thrombocytopenic purpura. International J Obst Anesth. 2007; 16:281-3.
  38. O’Rourke N, McElrath T, Baum R, Camann W, Tuomala R, Stuebe A, Kodali BS. Cesarean delivery in the interventional radiology suite: A novel approach to obstetric hemostasis. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104(5)1193-4.
  39. Kodali BS, Chandrasekhar S, Bulich L, Topulos G, Datta S. Airway changes during labor. Anesthesiology 2008; 108(3):357-62.
  40. Galvagno, S, Kodali BS. Critical monitoring outside the operating rooms. Anesthesiol Clin. 2009 Mar; 27(1):141-56.
  41. Toledano RD, Kodali BS, Camann WR. Anesthesia drugs in the obstetric gynecologic practice. Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Spring; 2(2):93-100.
  42. Galvagno, S, Kodali BS. Critical monitoring issues for surgery performed in a non-hospital setting. Perioperative Nursing Clinics 2009; 4(4):405-420.
  43. Vlassakov K, Kodali BS. Editorial. The forearm tourniquet Bier block. Logic and authority versus science and experience. Minerva Anestesiol. 2010 Feb; 76(2):91-2.
  44. Kodali B. Bloodless trilogy? Anesthesia, obstetrics and interventional radiology for cesarean delivery. Editorial reply. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia. 2010; 19(4):456-7.
  45. Kodali B. Bloodless trilogy? Anesthesia, obstetrics and interventional radiology for cesarean delivery. Editorial. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia. 2010; 19(2):131-2.
  46. Tsen LC, Kodali BS. Can general anesthesia for cesarean delivery be completely avoided? An anesthetic perspective. Expert Rev. Gynecol 2010; 5(5):517-524.
  47. Kodali BS. Capnography outside of operating rooms. Clinical Concept Commentary. Anesthesiology 2013; 118:192-201.
  48. Sviggum HP, Kodali BS. Maternal Anesthesia for Fetal Surgery. Clin Perinatol. 2013; 40:413-427.
  49. Vacanti JC, Sodickson A,Kodali BS. A patient who received 191 spinal anesthetics over 5 years without evidence of neurologic complications by examination or magnetic resonance imaging. Anesth Analg. 2013; 117(6):1503-5.
  50. Carabuena J, Kodali BS, Tsen L. Learning curve associated with using spring loaded syringes for identification of epidural space. Anesth Analg.2013; 116:145-54.
  51. Farber MK, Sadana N, Kaufman RM, Liu X,and Kodali BS. (Epub ahead of print). Transfusion Ratios for Postpartum Hemodilutional Coagulopathy: an In Vitro Thromboelastographic Model. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2014; 210(4):323.e1-7.
  52. Kodali BS, Flanagan H, Kim DK, Ehrenfeld JM, Urman R. Variability of Subspecialty-Specific Anesthesia-Controlled Times at Two Academic Institutions. J Med Syst 2014; 38(2):11.
  53. Kodali BS, Dennie Kim, Bleday R, Flanagan H, Urman RD. Successful Strategies for the Reduction of Operating Room Turnover Times in a Tertiary Care Academic Medical Center. J Surg Res. 2014; 187:403-11.
  54. Kodali BS, Sá Rêgo M, Kaynar AM, Urman R. The Effects of 2-Chloroprocaine on Coagulation and Fibrinolysis in the Parturient: an in vitro study. Anesth. 2014; 28(6):906-10.
  55. Kodali BS, Jagannathan DK, Owen MD. Establishing an obstetric neuraxial service in low-resource areas. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2014; 23(3):267-273.
  56. Kodali BS, Urman R. Capnography during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: current evidence and future directions. J Emerg. Trauma Shock. 2014; 7(4):332-40.
  57. Saw N, Vacanti JC, Liu X, SaRego M, Flanagan H, Kodali BS, Urman RD. Process redesign to improve first case surgical starts in an academic institution. J Invest Surg. 2015 Apr; 28(2):95-102.
  58. Metzler EC, Kodali BS, Urman RD, Flanagan H, Sa Rego M, Vacanti JC. Strategies to maintain operating room functionality following the complete loss of the recovery room due to an international disaster. Am J Disaster Med. 2015 Winter; 10(1):6-12.
  59. Vacanti J, Sarin P, Urman R, Kodali BS. Development and implementation of a dedicated postoperative evaluation service to improve compliance of postoperative visits. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol. 2015; 31(1):80-5.
  60. Jagannathan DK, Arriaga AF, Elterman KG, Kodali BS, Robinson JN, Tsen LC,  Palanisamy A. Effect of neuraxial technique after inadvertent dural puncture on obstetric outcomes and anesthetic complications. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2016; 25:23-9.
  61. Garfield JM, Garfield FB, Kodali BS, Sarin P, Liu X, Vacanti JC. A perioperative visit reveals a significant number of complications undetected in the PACU. Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management 2016; 2:38-46.
  62. Chen Y, Gabriel RA, Kodali BS, Urman RD. Effect of Anesthesia Staffing Ration on First-Case Surgical Start Time. J Med Syst 2016 May;40(5):115. Doi: 10.1007/s10916-016-0471-z.PMID:26995356.
  63. Dryzymalski DM, Tsen LC, Palanisamy A, Zhou J, Huang C, Kodali BS. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Music Use during Epidural Catheter Placement on Laboring Parturient Anxiety, Pain and Satisfaction. Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2016 Dec 14 Epub ahead of print.
  64. Wu A, Kodali BS, Flanagan H, Urman RD. Introduction of a new electronic medical record system has mixed effects on first surgical case efficiency metrics. J Clin Monit Comput 2017;31(5):1073-79.
  65. Preiss D, Drew BA, Gosnell J, Kodali BS, Philip JH, Urman RD. Linshom thermodynamic sensor is a reliable alternative to capnography for monitoring respiratory rate. J Clin Monit Comput 2018;32(1):133-140.
  66. Yacoubian S, Oxford CM, Kodali BS. Changes in cardiac index during labor analgesia: A double-blind randomized controlled trial of epidural versus combined spinal epidural analgesia. A preliminary study. Indian J Anaesth 2017 April; 61(4): 21-27.
  67. Singh S, Kodali BS. Volume capnography: A narrative view. The Indian Anaesthetists’ Forum, Wolters Kluwer- Medknow. 2017 July-December. 18(2): 32-38. ISSN: 0973-0311
  68. Dryzymalski DM, Elterman K, Kodali BS. A simulation study of epidural catheter threading using a cardboard model of the ligamentum flavum. Int J Obstet Anesth 2017;31:115-117.
  69. Kodali BS, Bharadwaj, S. Foetal surgery: Anaesthetic implications and strategic management. Indian J Anaesth 2018;62(9):717-23.
  70. Jagannathan, DK, Haung CC, Robinson J, Kodali B, Choi, L, Shea K, Elterman K, Palanisamy A. Accidental dural puncture during labor analgesia and obstetric outcomes in nulliparous women. International J Obstet Anesth 2019;

 

 

 

Books

 

  1. Datta S, Kodali BS, Segal, S. (2010). Handbook of Obstetric Anesthesia. Fifth Edition, New York: Springer.
  2. Kodali BS (2011). Section Editor. Patient Monitoring. In Vacanti C, Segal S, Sikka P, & Urman R. (Eds.), Essentials of Clinical Anesthesia. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  3. Kodali BS (2011). Section Editor. Special Topics. In Vacanti C, Segal S, Sikka P, & Urman R. (Eds.), Essentials of Clinical Anesthesia. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Baheti DK, Parikh K, Pandya S, Kodali BS (2014). World Clinics on Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain: Analgesia and Anaesthesia for Labour & Delivery - 1. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers.
  5. Baheti DK, Parikh K, Pandya S, Kodali BS (2014). World Clinics on Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain: Analgesia and Anaesthesia for Labour & Delivery - 2. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers

 

Book Chapters

 

  1. Bhavani Shankar K, Steinbrook RA. Anesthetic considerations for minimally invasive surgery. In: Brooks DC, editor. Current Review of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Third edition. Philadelphia: Current Medicine, Inc. 1999; p.28-40.
  2. Bhavani Shankar K. Anesthesia for cesarean section. In: Bader A, Datta S, editors. Problems in Anesthesia. Obstetric Anesthesia Volume 11, Number 3, Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 1999.
  3. Shay DC, Bhavani-Shankar K, Datta S. Laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy. Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2001; 19(1):57-67.
  4. Srinivasa V, Gilbertson LI, Bhavani-Shankar K. Thromboelastography: where is it and where is it heading? Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2001; 39(1):35-49.
  5. Farraghar R, Bhavani Shankar K. Obstetric Anesthesia. In: Healy TEJ, Knight PR , editors. Wylie and Churchil Davidson’s: A Practice of Anesthesia. 7th London; Oxford University Press. 2003.
  6. Bhavani Shankar K, Lee-Paritz A. Anesthesia for pregnant obese parturients. In: Anesthesia for High Risk Pregnancy. In: Datta S, editor. Anesthesia and Obstetric Management of High-Risk Pregnancy. Third edition, New York: Springer-Verlag. 2003; p.53-66.
  7. Hepner D, Kodali BS, Segal S. Pregnancy and complications of pregnancy. In: Fleisher LA, editor. Anesthesia and Uncommon Diseases. 5th edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. 2006; p.547-582.
  8. Galvagno SM and Kodali BS. Capnografia e capnometria. In Ezio Romano editor. Medicina Critica. Italy: UTET Scienze Mediche. 2010; p. 213-221.
  9. Matthes K, Kodali BS. Laparoscopic surgery. In Vacanti C, Segal S, Sikka P, & Urman R., editors. Essentials of Clinical Anesthesia. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2011; p.636-39.
  10. Xiong Z, Kodali BS. Pulse oximetry and capnography. In Vacanti C, Segal S, Sikka P, & Urman R, editors. Essentials of Clinical Anesthesia. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2011; p.186-90.
  11. Hepner D, Kodali BS, Segal S. Pregnancy and complications of pregnancy. In: Fleisher LA, editor. Anesthesia and Uncommon Diseases. 6th edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. 2012.
  12. Podovei M, Kodali BS. Management of Neonatal Neurologic Injury: Evidence-based Outcomes. In Suresh M.S, Segal BS, Preston R, Fernando R, Mason C.L., editors. Shnider and Levinson’s Anesthesia for Obstetrics. 5th edition, Lippincot Williams & Wilkins. 2013:258-266.
  13. Jagannathan D and Kodali BS. In Baheti DK and Laheri V, editors. Understanding Anesthetic Equipment & Procedures: A Practical Approach. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers. 2014.
  14. Kodali BS and Podovei M. Trouble Shooting: Making Labor Analgesia Work. In World Clinics on Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain: Analgesia and Anaesthesia for Labour & Delivery - 2. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical 2014.
  15. Kasodekar S, Kodali BS. Ultrasound facilitated neuraxial block in labor. In World Clinics on Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain: Analgesia and Anaesthesia for Labour & Delivery - 2. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical 2014.
  16. Ponnuru S and Kodali BS. Capnography Monitoring. In Hemodynamic Monitoring: Evolving Technologies and Clinical Practice. St. Louis: Elsevier. 2016.
  17. Elterman K, Kodali BS. Anesthesia for Morbidly Obese Pregnant Woman. In: Obstetric Anesthesia for Co-morbid Conditions. Springer 2018

 

Letters to the Editor

 

  1. Moseley HSL, Shankar KB, Krishnan A. A method of producing normocarbia during general anaesthesia for Caesarean section. Anaesthesia 1985; 40:814.
  2. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Vemula V, Krishnan A. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference. Anaesthesia 1987; 42:1338-9.
  3. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Vemula V. Arterial to endtidal carbon dioxide difference. Anaesthesia 1987; 42:211-2.
  4. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Ramasamy M. Bain anesthetic system, gender and obesity index. Anaesthesia 1987; 42:444.
  5. Moseley H, Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Rao PS. Air-oxygen mixtures. Anaesthesia 1987; 42:1336-7.
  6. Shankar KB. Deviations from international standards. Anaesthesia 1987; 42:444.
  7. Bhavani Shankar K. High frequency jet ventilation and (a-E)PCO2 Anaesthesia 1987; 42:1124-5.
  8. Moseley H, Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Rao PS. Air-oxygen mixtures. Anaesthesia 1988; 43:160-1.
  9. Moseley H, Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Rao PS, Homi J. Should air/oxygen replace nitrous oxide/oxygen in general anaesthesia. An abstract with comments from the editor. Survey Anesth. 1988; 32(2)97.
  10. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Sam MacCoskie, Kumar Y. Continuous flow ventilators in the ICU. Brit J Anaesth. 1988; 60(1):117-8.
  11. Shankar KB, Moseley H, MacCoskie S, Kumar Y. IMV and work of breathing. Brit J Anaesth. 1988; 60:480.
  12. Shankar KB, Moseley H, Hassell TA, Sivarajan S. Hypersensitive Carotid sinus. Anaesthesia 1988; 43(1):61.
  13. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar A. Prolonged bradycardia and hypotension after neostigmine administration in a patient receiving atenolol. Anaesthesia 1988; 43:797-8.
  14. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y. Intranasal cocaine/adrenaline during halothane anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1989; 44(6):521.
  15. Shankar KB. Ethics of intubation. Anaesthesia 1989; 44:176.
  16. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y. Portable monitoring devices. Anaesthesia 1990; 45(3):257.
  17. Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar AY. Relationship between PaCO2-PETCO2 gradient and physiological dead space. Can J Anaesth. 1991; 38(8):1072-4.
  18. Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar AY. Negative arterial to end-tidal gradients. Can J Anaesth. 1991; 38(2):260-1.
  19. Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar Y. Oxygen cylinders on anaesthesia machines. Brit J Anaesth. 1991; 66(5):628.
  20. Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y. Cocaine, intranasal, during otolaryngologic surgery. Survey Anesth. 1991; 35:114-5.
  21. Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar AY. Ventilatory effects of laparoscopy under general anaesthesia. Brit J Anaesth. 1992; 69(5):542-3.
  22. Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar AY. Dual end-tidal CO2 monitoring and double-lumen tubes. Can J Anaesth. 1992; 39(1):100.
  23. Kumar AY, Shankar KB, Moseley HSL. Capnography does not reliably detect double-lumen endotracheal tube misplacement. J Clin Monit. 1993; 9:207-8.
  24. Bhavani Shankar K. Negative arterial to end-tidal CO2 gradients in children. Can J Anaesth. 1994; 41(11):1125-6.
  25. Bhavani Shankar K, Kannan S. Prevention of occlusion of sampling tubes in side-stream Can J Anaesth. 1997; 44(4):453.
  26. Bhavani Shankar K, Mushlin PS. Arterial to end-tidal gradients in pregnant subjects. 1997; 87:1596-8.
  27. Bhavani Shankar K, Camann WR. The practice of using sevoflurane inhalation induction for emergency cesarean section and a parturient with no intravenous access. Anesthesiology. 1998; 88:275-6.
  28. Bhavani Shankar K. Salivary gland enlargement caused by chemical agents. Anesth Analg. 1999; 89(3):804.
  29. Kaynar AM, Shankar KB. Epidural infusion: Continuous or bolus? Anesth Analg. 1999; 89(2):534.
  30. Russell R, Bhavani Shankar K, Mushlin P. Another application of dual-lung capnography. Anesthesiology. 2000; 92(1):288-9.
  31. Kodali BS. www.capnography.com. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2001; 15(6):806-7.
  32. Kodali BS. www.capnography.com. An animated website. Anesth Analg. 2001; 93(5):1364.
  33. Shankar KB, Posner M. A normal capnogram despite esophageal intubation. Can J Anaesth. 2002; 49:(4)439.
  34. Mushlin PS, Kodali BS. Learning capnography on the World Wide Web: An educational resource for the new millennium. Acta Anaesth Scand. 2002; 46(3):341.
  35. Bhavani Shankar K. Business cards and Anesthetic Practice. Anesth Analg. 2002; 95(1):257-8.
  36. Bhavani Shankar K, Mang A, Camann W. A new role for labor support personnel. Inter J Obstet Anesth 2003; 12:305.
  37. Sreenivasa V. Hartigan P, Bhavani Shankar K. Evolving capnograms during lung transplantation. Anesth Analg. 2004; 98:1504.
  38. Frenk V, Camann W, Shankar KB. Regional anesthesia in parturients with low platelet counts. Can J Anaesth. 2005; 52:114.
  39. Kodali BS. Capnogram shape in obstructive lung disease. Anesth Analg. 2005; 101(5):1560.
  40. Camann W, Kodali BS. Comment: Maternal Insufflation during the second trimester equivalent produces hypercapnia, acidosis, and prolonged hypoxia in fetal sheep (Anesthesiology 2004; 101:1332-8). Obstet Anesth Digest. 2005; 68-9.
  41. Harnett M, Kodali BS. Thromboelastography® assessment of coagulation status in patients with lupus anticoagulant receiving heparin therapy. Int J Obstet Anaesth. 2006; 15(2):177-8.
  42. O’Rourke N, Lee C, Kodali BS, Harnett M. Thromboelastographic® monitoring of the efficacy of recombinant factor VIIa administration ina parturient with factor VII deficiency. Can J Anaesth. 2006; 53(5):528-9.
  43. Harnett MJ, Carabuena JM, Tsen LC, Kodali BS. Anesthesia for interventional radiology in parturients at risk of major hemorrhage at cesarean section delivery. Anesth Analg. 2006; 103(5):1329-30.
  44. Srinivasa V, Kodali BS. Caution when using colorimetry to confirm endotracheal intubation. Anesth Analag. 2007; 104(3):738-9.
  45. Srinivasa V, Kodali BS. Video on orotracheal intubation. N Engl J Med. 2007; 357(6):620.
  46. In reply. Kodali BS. Anesthesiology. 2013 Aug;119(2):489-90.
  47. In reply. Kodali BS. Capnometry Versus Acoustic Device for Monitoring Respiration. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2014;118(2):485-6.
  48. Author’s Reply. Kodali BS. Raghuraman: Volume capnography. The Indian Anaesthestists’ Forum 2018; 19(1). ISN: 0973-0311.

 

Editorials

 

  1. Vlassakov K, Kodali BS. Editorial. The forearm tourniquet Bier block. Logic and authority versus science and experience. Minerva Anestesiol. 2010 Feb; 76(2):91-2.
  2. Kodali B. Bloodless trilogy? Anesthesia, obstetrics and interventional radiology for cesarean delivery. Editorial reply. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia. 2010; 19(4):456-7.

 

 

Published multi-media

 

  1. Key participant in Public Education, Government Information Service of Barbados. 1992. Anesthesia Video Film for Government Of Barbados: Participated in a short video film on. Educating the public regarding Anesthesia. This TV program was televised on the Island’s television network twice so far.
  2. Multi-Media Presentation in Capnography: Comprehensive review on Capnography produced in computer software: Madison- Avenue and Harvard Graphics: This is probably the first review on capnography in multimedia presentation format.
  3. Kodali, BS. (2001). capnography.com. A website on capnography has been designed, produced, and maintained, with no sponsorship, to provide a complete review on end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring during anesthesia and intensive care. This site uses several animations designed to explain underlying physical and physiological concepts of capnography in addition to highlighting clinical applications. This is an All-In-One on capnography. This capnography website has been reviewed by independent reviewers in the Anesthesiology (October 2001), British Journal of Anesthesia (October 2001), Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (October 2001), and Canadian Journal of Anesthesia (April 2003). It has been summarized as a great teaching contribution on capnography. The site, that has over 450,000 visits annually from healthcare and business professionals and engineering and medical students, is currently being compiled into a book on capnography. See Appendix I for details. 2001.
  4. Kodali, BS. painfreebirthing.com Designed, programmed, produced, and maintain an innovative website for pregnant women on pain free child birth options. See ‘Clinical Innovations’ for more information. Designed, programmed, produced, and maintain an innovative website for pregnant women on pain free child birth options. This is the first site to use computer animation graphics to explain concepts of pain free child birth, side effects, and complications. The patients can access the information at home or in the labor and delivery suites equipped with computer internet. This patient educational website has been demonstrated at several professional conferences, notable the annual SOAP meeting in 2006. Since then, the site has been translated into eleven languages. Translation of three more languages is in progress. Many educational institutions and private practice groups refer their patients to this website. The SOAP provides a link to this site on their patient education module. The British Journal of Anesthesia reviewed this website as a comprehensive resource on methods of labor analgesia. www.painfreebirthing.comaddresses a gap in the market by providing a fully comprehensive resource for those who wish to gain a fuller understanding of obstetric anaesthesia written in layman’s language. This site has the highest credentials, having been written by the academic department of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It immediately sets itself aside from other websites by asking the user to ‘agree’ to terms and conditions of use before being allowed entry into the rest of the site. This device, familiar to anyone who has downloaded software, adds an authoritative feel to the website and emphasizes the serious nature of the learning contract between author and reader”. 2002.
  5. Oberoi JS, Kodali BS. Management of postoperative pain in obstetrics and gynecology. UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2007.
  6. ETV Network, Hyderabad, India. Television interview on Obstetric Anesthesia: Participated in a TV interview on “Educating the public regarding pain free labor and delivery”. Can be viewed at painfreebirthing.com. (2007)
  7. Oberoi JS, Kodali BS. Management of postoperative pain in obstetrics and gynecology. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2008.
  8. Public Television Program Good Morning Barbados on pain free birthing to provide public with information on pain relief options during childbirth. Barbados, 2008.
  9. Kodali, BS. Developed a novel way of learning and understanding thoracic and obstetric epidural using 3-D technology with two other co-investigators. This was presented at ASA Annual meeting in 2009 and 2011. In both instances, 3rd prize was awarded in the Scientific Exhibits Category. The novel aspect of the later presentation is the ability to view these 3D learning capabilities using YouTube media. 2009.
  10. Oberoi JS, Kodali BS. Management of postoperative pain in obstetrics and gynecology. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2009.
  11. Oberoi JS, Kodali BS. Management of postoperative pain in obstetrics and gynecology. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2010.
  12. Oberoi JS, Kodali BS. Management of postoperative pain in obstetrics and gynecology. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2011.
  13. Farber M, Kodali BS. Obstetric Airway. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2012.
  14. Farber M, Kodali BS. Airway management of pregnant women at delivery. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2013.
  15. Farber M, Kodali BS. Obstetric Airway. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2014.
  16. Farber M, Kodali BS. Obstetric Airway. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2016.
  17. Farber M, Kodali BS. Obstetric Airway. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2018.

 

 

Major Invited Speeches

 

Local

1.      Kodali, BS. Arterial to end-tidal CO2 difference during general anaesthesia for tubal ligation, First Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1986

2.      Kodali, BS. Halothane and topical cocaine/epinephrine: Is it safe in nasal surgery?, First Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1986

3.      Kodali, BS. Compensation for stress in marathon runners, First Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1986.

4.      Kodali, BS. Can compressed air/oxygen replace N2O/oxygen in general anaesthesia?, First Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1986

5.      Kodali, BS. Low dose ketamine for dilatation and curettage, Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1987.

6.      Kodali, BS. A review of arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference during pregnancy, Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1987.

7.      Kodali, BS. Multicenter drug trial of ‘Diprivan’, a new intravenous induction agent by ICI Limited, UK, Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1987

8.      Kodali, BS. Lecture: Capnography, Department of Anesthesia, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India. 1987.

9.      Kodali, BS. Assessment of Bain circuit in obese patients, Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1987

10.  Kodali, BS. Carotid sinus hypersensitivity. A case report. Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1987.

11.  Kodali, BS. Anesthesia Budget. Expenditure involved in staffing anesthesia department at Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados. Third Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1988.

12.  Kodali, BS. Changes in serum potassium following Diprivan and succinylcholine Third Caribbean Anesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1988.

13.  Kodali, BS. The computerized auditing of disposable anaesthetic equipment and anaesthetic drugs, Deuxieme Journees Internationales d'anesthesie-reanimation. Conference held in Martinique. 1992.

14.  Kodali, BS. Monitoring a ventilated patient. Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1993.

15.  Kodali, BS. Cost evaluation for use of Isoflurane in low flow circuit with air and oxygen,  Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1993.

16.  Kodali, BS. Total intravenous anaesthesia for day care surgery using propofol and diclofenac, Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetists Conference, Barbados. 1993.

17.  Kodali, BS. Fibreoptic bronchoscopy in management of difficult airway, Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetists Conference. 1993.

18.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography in Clinical Practice. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1996

19.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1997.

20.  Kodali, BS. Clinical Conference on Spinal after for failed epidural analgesia in Obstetrics, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1998

21.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Airway in pregnancy is as important to Obstetricians as to Anesthesiologists, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1998

22.  Kodali, BS. 12 sessions of high risk weekly Obstetric Anesthesia rounds, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1998.

23.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography in clinical practice, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1998.

24.  Kodali, BS. 15 sessions per year of clinical conferences/problem based learning sessions and lectures to Obstetric Anesthesia residents and fellows at afternoon conferences. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1998-present.

25.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Coagulation issues in Obstetrics, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1999.

26.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 1999.

27.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2000.

28.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Understanding Capnography via web, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2001.

29.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Learning Capnography via web, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2001.

30.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography: What one should know, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. 2002.

31.  Kodali, BS. Clinical Conference: Anesthesia outside operating room. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2002.

32.  Kodali, BS. Clinical Conference: Air in the epidural space. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2002.

33.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography: What one should know. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2002.

34.  Kodali, BS. Clinical Conference: Anesthesia in the MRI suite for peritracheal mass ablation. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2003.

35.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Physiology of Capnography. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2003.

36.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: A whip of nitrogen or grain of salt. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2004.

37.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2006.

38.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Introduction to Capnography. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2007.

39.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Essentials of monitoring during sedation for the Nurses of Endoscopy, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2008.

40.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Introduction of Capnography to Respiratory Therapists, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2008.

41.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Tip of Iceberg. Critical Obstetric Nursing, Critical Care Nursing, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2008.

42.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Effect of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on the baby. Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2009.

43.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Physiology of Laparoscopy – Should we be using vasopressin?. Center of Infertility and Reproductive Surgery. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2009.

44.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography in Clinical Practice. Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2012.

45.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography outside the operating rooms. Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2013.

46.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy. Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2013.

47.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: What are the Physiology and Anesthetic/Obstetric Implications of Morbidly Obese Pregnant Patients?. Department of Anesthesiology, Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton, MA. 2015.

48.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Capnography – Where is it after three decades? It is everywhere. Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2016.

49.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Physiological dead space and volume capnography Bohr to Bohr. Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA. 2018.

50.  Kodali BS. Grand Rounds: Physiological dead space and volume capnography Bohr to Bohr. Department of Anesthesiology, University of Medical Center, Baltimore, MD. 2018.

 

Regional

 

51.  Kodali, BS. Application of Capnography in organ harvesting and transplant, New England Organ Bank, Newton, MA. 2010.

52.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Operating Room Efficiency Matrix, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA. 2011.

53.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Optimal Maternal and Neonatal Outcome: How to Achieve our Common Goal, How to Optimize your Labor Analgesia, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Anesthesiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA. 2015.

54.  Kodali, BS. Capnography for Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Boston EMS Paramedic Refresher, Boston, MA. 2016.

55.  Kodali, BS. Thromboelastography Guided Resuscitation, Trauma, Emergency Surgery, & Surgical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. 2016.

56.  Kodali, BS. Capnography – Exploiting the Benefits inside and outside the operating rooms, Veterans Administration Hospital, Roxbury, MA. 2016

57.  Kodali, BS. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) ANESTHESIOLOGY ® 2017, Boston, MA. 2017

 

National

 

58.  Kodali, BS. Lecture: Capnography in Clinical Practice, University of Medical and Dental School, New Jersey. 1998.

59.  Kodali, BS. Lecture: Capnography. What one should know, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas. 2000.

60.  Kodali, BS. Lecture: Capnography in Clinical Practice, University of Medical and Dental School, New Jersey. 2001.

61.  Kodali, BS. General anesthesia for cesarean delivery. The status of current resident training and experience, SOAP, San Diego, California. 2001.

62.  Kodali, BS. Demonstration of the patient educational website on www.painfreebirthing.com , 34th Annual meeting of Society of Anesthesiologists and Perinatalogy Conference, Hilton Head, South Carolina. 2002.

63.  Kodali, BS. How do we educate our patients about Obstetric Anesthesia? (Animated Website: - www.painfreebirthing.com ). (SOAP), Hilton Head, South Carolina. 2002.

64.  Kodali, BS. www.painfreebirthing.com Scientific Exhibit. American Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida. 2002.

65.  Kodali, BS. www.capography.com and painfreebirthing.com: Innovative teaching methods. Scientific Exhibit. The New York State Society of Anesthesiologists Postgraduate Assembly, New York. 2002.

66.  Kodali, BS. Moderator, Subcommittee on Equipment, Monitoring and Engineering Technology, ASA Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA. 2003.

67.  Kodali, BS. Three case discussions on Obstetric Anesthesia practice, ASA Panel case discussion, San Francisco, CA. 2003.

68.  Kodali, BS. Grand rounds lecture: Capnography, Duke University Anesthesiology Department, NC. 2003.

69.  Kodali, BS. Grand rounds lecture: Anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy, Duke University Anesthesiology Department, NC. 2003.

70.  Kodali, BS. Lecture: Predicting Difficult Airway in Obstetrical Patient, Texas Anesthesia Society Conference, Texas. 2003.

71.  Kodali, BS. Lecture: The Role of Capnography in the Recognition and Management of Esophageal Intubation, Texas Anesthesia Society Conference, Texas. 2003.

72.  Kodali, BS. Lecture: Educating Parturients About Their Anesthetic Options, Texas Anesthesia Society Conference, Texas. 2003.

73.  Kodali, BS. Capnography and its applications, Street Level Airway Conference, Fortworth, Texas. 2004.

74.  Kodali, BS. Obstetric Anesthesia education – From labor rooms to the United Nations and World, (SOAP), Ft Myers, Florida. 2004.

75.  Kodali, BS. Moderator, Subcommittee on Equipment, Monitoring and Engineering Technology, 99th ASA Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA. 2004.

76.  Kodali, BS. Capnography (CO2 monitoring) is no longer the domain of anesthesiologists CME meeting of JIPMER Alumni Association of North America, Sponsored by CME Department of Victory Memorial Hospital, New York. 2005.

77.  Kodali, BS. Invited Professor, Pain Management and Sedation. The Cardinal Health Center for Medication Safety and Clinical Improvement. San Diego, California. 2005.

78.  Kodali, BS. Moderator, Subcommittee on Equipment, Monitoring and Engineering Technology, ASA Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA. 2005.

79.  Kodali, BS. Moderator, Subcommittee on Equipment, Monitoring and Engineering Technology, 102nd ASA Annual Meeting, New York, NY. 2007.

80.  Kodali, BS. Moderator for Practice Safety and Management, ASA 2009, New Orleans, Louisiana

81.  Kodali, BS. 3-D Understanding of thoracic epidural placement, Scientific Exhibit .American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) Scientific Exhibit, New Orleans, LA. 2009.

82.  Kodali, BS. How to obtain maximum benefit from Capnography in clinical practice, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL. 2010.

83.  Kodali, BS. Breakfast with Experts, Society of Obstetric Anesthesiology and Perinatology San Antonio, Texas. 2010.

84.  Kodali, BS. Moderator for Practice Safety and Management, ASA 2010, Atlanta, GA. 2010.

85.  Kodali, BS. What is new in our understanding of obstetric airway that could change our general anesthetic practice?, Cincinnati Anesthesiology Society Meeting, Cincinnati, OH. 2011.

86.  Kodali, BS. Capnography – How to get best use of it, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University of Cincinnati, OH. 2011.

87.  Kodali, BS. Moderator for Practice Safety and Management, ASA, Chicago, IL. 2011.

88.  Kodali, BS. A novel, simple video model for YouTube, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) Scientific Exhibit, Chicago, IL. 2011.

89.  Kodali, BS. You did what?, Best Case Reports of the Meeting, SOAP, 43rd Annual Meeting, Las Vega, NV. 2011.

90.  Kodali, BS. Moderator for Practice Safety and Management, ASA 2012, Washington, DC. 2012.

91.  Kodali, BS. Capnography during sedation – Covidian Lecture ASA 2012, Washington, DC. 2012.

92.  Kodali, BS. Best Case Reports. session on discussing important case reports, SOAP, Monterey, CA. 2012.

93.  Kodali, BS. Special Considerations for Anesthesiologists, Global Health on OB/GYN course, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. 2013.

94.  Kodali, BS. Moderator for Practice Safety and Management Poster Session, ASA 2013, San Francisco, CA. 2013.

95.  Kodali, BS. Moderator for Oral Presentation – Practice Safety and Management, ASA 2013, San Francisco, CA. 2013.

96.  Kodali, BS. Capnography: Where are we in 2014?, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. 2014.

97.  Kodali, BS. Pregnancy Related Airway Changes: What did we learn to influence our practice? Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. 2014.

98.  Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds, Visiting professor lectures, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. 2014.

99.  Kodali, BS. Advisor Live: Safe opioid use - Strategies for reducing adverse events and related harm, Advisor Live meeting, Premier Inc. 2014.

100.          Kodali, BS. Capnography – Exploiting the Benefits, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. 2014.

101.          Kodali, BS. Grand Rounds: Clinical Applications of Capnography – Waveform Analysis, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. 2014.

102.          Kodali, BS. Resident Lecture Discussion, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. 2014.

103.          Kodali, BS. Respiratory Monitoring in Anesthesia and Critical Care, Second Annual Perioperative & Critical Care Monitoring and Therapy Conference and Workshops, Pittsburgh, PA. 2014.

104.          Kodali, BS. Safety of epidural catheter insertion: inability to thread epidural catheters a, provocative hypothesis, Scientific Exhibition ASA 2014, ASA 2014 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. 2014.

105.          Kodali, BS. Moderator for the scientific abstracts, Scientific Exhibition ASA 2014, ASA 2014 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. 2014.

106.          Kodali, BS. Moderator for Oral Presentation – Practice Safety and Management, Scientific Exhibition ASA 2014, ASA 2014 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. 2014.

107.          Kodali, BS. Capnography – How do we get maximum information about patient, Department of Anesthesiology, Mount Sinai St Luke's, Mount Sinai Roosevelt Hospitals New York, NY. 2016.

108.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Airway – What did we learn?, Department of Anesthesiology, Mount Sinai St Luke's, Mount Sinai Roosevelt Hospitals New York, NY. 2016.

109.          Kodali, BS. 12th Annual Pediatric Sedation Outside the OR Conference, San Francisco, CA. 2017.

110.          Kodai BS.  Capnography. 13th Annual Pediatric Sedation Outside the OR Conference, San Francisco, CA. 2018.

111.          Kodali BS. Capnography Advanced. Annual Pediatric Sedation Outside the OR Conference, San Francisco, CA. 2018.

112.          Kodali BS, Kahntroff S. Capnography workshop. Annual Pediatric Sedation Outside the OR Conference, San Francisco, CA. 2018.

113.          Kodali BS. Moderator of Clinically Challenging Cases. American Society of Anesthesiologists, San Francisco, CA. 2018

International

 

114.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Arterial to End-tidal CO2 difference in pregnancy, Department of Anaesthesia, Mater Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. 1989.

115.          Kodali, BS. End-tidal carbon dioxide estimations in pregnancy, 39th Indian Society of Anaesthetists Conference. 1990.

116.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Physiology and clinical applications of Capnography, Department of Anesthesia, Maricopa Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona. 1992.

117.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Clinical overview of Desflurane and its economic viability for developing island nations, Invitation by Zeneca Pharmaceuticals and Department of Anaesthesia, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University of West Indies, Barbados, West Indies. 1997.

118.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Monitoring coagulation disorders using thromboelastography, Anesthesiologists of Bombay, India. 1999.

119.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Thromboelastography in Pregnancy, Addressed to Obstetricians of Bombay, Oberoi Towers, Bombay, India. 1999.

120.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Monitoring coagulation disorders using thromboelastography, Anesthesiology and Cardiac surgery of Grant Hospital, Bombay, India. 1999.

121.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Capnography. Web based lecture using animations, Department of Anesthesiology, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India. 2001.

122.          Kodali, BS. Invited guest faculty. Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Coimbatore, India. 2002.

123.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Capnography in laparoscopic surgery, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Coimbatore, India. 2002.

124.          Kodali, BS. Anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Coimbatore, India. 2002.

125.          Kodali, BS. Invited Guest Lecturer for invited audience compromising all Senior Professor and division chiefs in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India: What is new in Obstetric Anesthesia? Organized by Hyderabad Anesthesia group, Hyderabad, India. 2003.

126.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Capnography, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2004. Sponsored by Department of Anesthesia, Ramachandara Medical College, Madras, India. 2004

127.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Perioperative management of thyroid surgery, Sponsored by Department of Anesthesia, Ramachandara Medical College, Madras, India. 2004

128.          Kodali, BS. Case discussion: Parturient with critical mitral stenosis for cesarean delivery, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2004. Sponsored by Department of Anesthesia, Ramachandara Medical College, Madras, India. 2004

129.          Kodali, BS. Invited Professor, Introduction of Desflurane in leading Indian Medical centers in India: Escorts Heart Institute and Research, Gangaram Hospital, Delhi. 2006.

130.          Kodali, BS. Invited Professor, Inaugural oration: Capnography-Evolution, Evaluation & Utility, World Anesthesia Day Celebration, October 14th, North Eastern Mumbai, Anesthesiologists Association Conference (NEMAACON), Mumbai, India. 2006.

131.          Kodali, BS. Airway assessment and Airway Workshop, NEMAACON, Mumbai, India. 2006.

132.          Kodali, BS. Complications of laparoscopic surgery, NEMAACON, Mumbai, India. 2006.

133.          Kodali, BS. Management of hypotension during Obstetric Anesthesia, NEMAACON, Mumbai, India. 2006.

134.          Kodali, BS. Visiting Professor Lecture at Grand Rounds: Complications of laparoscopic surgery, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India. 2006.

135.          Kodali, BS. Moderator, Subcommittee on Equipment, Monitoring and Engineering Technology, ASA Annual Meeting, Quebec, Canada. 2006.

136.          Kodali, BS. Lectures: What is new in Obstetric Anesthesia, Ramachandra Anesthesia continuing Education (RACE) 2007. Sponsored by Department of Anesthesia, Ramachandara Medical College, Madras, India. 2007.

137.          Kodali, BS. Breakfast session on Obstetric Anesthesia and analgesia, Ramachandra Anesthesia continuing Education (RACE) 2007. Sponsored by Department of Anesthesia, Ramachandara Medical College, Madras, India. 2007.

138.           Kodali, BS. Capnography and its clinical applications, Visiting Professor to Christian Medical College, Vellore, India. 2007.

139.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Anesthesia – a comprehensive review, Visiting Professor to Christian Medical College, Vellore, India. 2007.

140.          Kodali, BS. Management of hypotension during Obstetric Anesthesia, Visiting Professor Lecture, Nizam’s Institute of Medical sciences, Hyderabad, India. 2007.

141.          Kodali, BS. Physiology of Capnography, Visiting Professor Lecture, Care Group of Hospitals, Hyderabad, India. 2007.

142.          Kodali, BS. Physiology of Capnography, Visiting Professor Lecture, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India. 2007.

143.          Kodali, BS. Bridging the gap between obstetricians and anesthesiologists, Visiting Professor Lecture to obstetricians in the city of Hyderabad, Rainbow Hospital, India. 2007.

144.          Kodali, BS. Capnography – physics, physiology, and clinical interpretations, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2008, Sri Ramachandra Medical Deemed University, Chennai, India. 2008.

145.          Kodali, BS. Anesthetic management of patients with antepartum hemorrhage coming for LSCS, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2008, Sri Ramachandra Medical Deemed University, Chennai, India. 2008.

146.           Kodali, BS. Breakfast session: Obstetric analgesia, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2008, Sri Ramachandra Medical Deemed University, Chennai, India. 2008.

147.          Kodali, BS. What is new in Obstetric Anesthesia?, National Conference of Indian Society of Study of Pain, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India. 2008.

148.          Kodali, BS. Antepartum hemorrhage and management, Visiting Professor Lecture, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India. 2008.

149.          Kodali, BS. Clinical applications of Capnography, Visiting Professor Lecture, Care Group of Hospitals, Hyderabad, India. 2008.

150.          Kodali, BS. Capnography in current anesthetic practice, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists State Conference, Coimbatore, India. 2008.

151.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Anesthesia – Whatever you want to know, Breakfast session, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists State Conference, Coimbatore, India. 2008.

152.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Anesthesia – What is new? , Indian Society of Anesthesiologists State Conference, Coimbatore, India. 2008.

153.          Kodali, BS. Capnography in clinical practice, Visiting Professor Lecture, Vijayawada branch of Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Vijayawada, India. 2008.

154.          Kodali, BS. Capnography in current anesthetic practice, Visiting Professor Lecture, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India. 2008.

155.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Anesthesia - major advances and future expectations, Northeast Mumbai Anesthesia Association Conference NEMAACON, World Ether Day Celebrations 2008, Mumbai, India. 2008.

156.          Kodali, BS. What is new in Anesthesia and how it is going to impact our future practice?, Northeast Mumbai Anesthesia Association Conference NEMAACON, World Ether Day Celebrations 2008, Mumbai, India. 2008.

157.          Kodali, BS. Double Lumen Tubes. Demystified, Northeast Mumbai Anesthesia Association Conference NEMAACON, World Ether Day Celebrations 2008, Mumbai, India. 2008.

158.          Kodali, BS. Ask the experts: Obstetric Anesthesia and Analgesia, Northeast Mumbai Anesthesia Association Conference NEMAACON, World Ether Day Celebrations 2008, Mumbai, India. 2008.

159.          Kodali, BS. Neurological complications following Obstetric Anesthesia and analgesia, Northeast Mumbai Anesthesia Association Conference NEMAACON, World Ether Day Celebrations 2008, Mumbai, India. 2008.

160.          Kodali, BS. Airway Workshop: Airway assessment, Northeast Mumbai Anesthesia Association Conference NEMAACON, World Ether Day Celebrations 2008, Mumbai, India. 2008.

161.          Kodali, BS. Airway Workshop: Unexpected difficult airway, Northeast Mumbai Anesthesia Association Conference NEMAACON, World Ether Day Celebrations 2008, Mumbai, India. 2008.

162.          Kodali, BS. Hands on teaching on training: Video laryngoscopes, Northeast Mumbai Anesthesia Association Conference NEMAACON, World Ether Day Celebrations 2008, Mumbai, India. 2008.

163.          Kodali, BS. What is New in Anesthesia and How It Is Going To Impact Our Future Practice, Visiting Professor Lecture, Care Group of Hospitals, Hyderabad, India. 2008.

164.          Kodali, BS. Moderator for American Society of Anesthesiologists Guidelines on Obstetric Anesthesia as applicable to Indian conditions and circumstances, World Ether Day Celebrations, Hyderabad Anesthesia Society, Hyderabad, India. 2008.

165.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Analgesia – Principles, Breakfast session, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2008, Sri Ramachandra Medical Deemed University, Chennai, India. 2009.

166.          Kodali, BS. Recent Advances in Gas Monitoring, Focus session, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2008, Sri Ramachandra Medical Deemed University, Chennai, India. 2009.

167.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Analgesia, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists (Guntur), Guntur,  India. 2009.

168.          Kodali, BS. Interactive Session: Obstetric Analgesia and Perinatology, Fernandez Hospital , Hyderabad, India. 2009.

169.          Kodali, BS. Participated several discussions sessions with anesthesiologists and obstetricians, Visiting Professor (VIP visitor), Ahmadi Hospital, Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait. 2009.

170.          Kodali, BS. Capnography – Principles and Applications, Faculty of Anaesthesia, Kuwait Institute of Medical Specialization, Kuwait. 2009.

171.          Kodali, BS. Morbidly Obese Pregnant Patient, Ahmadi Hospital, Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait. 2009.

172.          Kodali, BS. New developments in Anesthesiology that can impact future practice, Ahmadi Hospital, Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait. 2009.

173.          Kodali, BS. How to Make Obstetric Anesthesia Safe? Lessons Learned from CMACH, Kasturba Medical University, Anesthesia Postgraduate Academic Program, Manipal, India. 2009.

174.          Kodali, BS. Preeclampsia and Obstetric Hemorrhage – Problem Based Learning, Kasturba Medical University, Anesthesia Postgraduate Academic Program, Manipal, India. 2009.

175.          Kodali, BS. Measurement techniques and clinical applications of Capnography, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting, Chennai, India. 2009.

176.          Kodali, BS. Moderator for Anesthesia for emergency cesarean delivery in a patient with Multivalvular disease, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting Chennai, India. 2009.

177.          Kodali, BS. Physiology of Laparoscopy, Guntur Medial College, NTR University Guntur, India. 2009.

178.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Understanding low flow Anesthesia, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Conference 2010, Mumbai, India. 2010.

179.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Renal protection during Anesthesia, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Conference 2010, Mumbai, India. 2010.

180.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Tackling difficult Obstetric airway, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Conference 2010, Mumbai, India. 2010.

181.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: The right monitors and how to get best out of it, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Conference 2010, Mumbai, India. 2010.

182.          Kodali, BS. Ask the experts – Anesthesia for Endoscopy, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Conference 2010, Mumbai, India. 2010.

183.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Ask the experts – Obstetric clinical problems, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Conference 2010, Mumbai, India. 2010.

184.          Kodali, BS. How to get maximum benefit from Capnography, Qatar Health – Anesthesia Track, Doha, Qatar. 2010.

185.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric airway – Why is it difficult and how to manage an airway crisis?, Qatar Health – Anesthesia Track, Doha, Qatar. 2010.

186.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric airway? What is new?, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Guntur Branch, Guntur, India. 2011.

187.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric airway. What did we learn from our experience?, Department of Anesthesiology, Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India. 2011.

188.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric airway? How does it change with labor?, Axon Anesthesiology Associates, Hyderabad, India. 2011.

189.          Kodali, BS. What did we learn from obstetric airway that is applicable to routine clinical anesthetic practice, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Vijayawada, India. 2011.

190.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric airway – What is new?, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research. Pondicherry, India. 2011.

191.          Kodali, BS. Is Obstetric airway really difficult?, Fourth All India Obstetric Anesthesia Conference, Hyderabad, India. 2011.

192.          Kodali, BS. PDPH – Sequelae and management, Fourth All India Obstetric Anesthesia Conference, Hyderabad, India. 2011.

193.          Kodali, BS. What is new in Capnography, Kuwait Anesthesia Refresher Courses, Kuwait City, Kuwait. 2011.

194.          Kodali, BS. What is new in Obstetric Anesthesia, Kuwait Anesthesia Refresher Courses, Kuwait City, Kuwait. 2011.

195.          Kodali, BS. Operating room efficiency. Is it possible?, Kuwait Anesthesia Refresher Courses, Kuwait City, Kuwait. 2011.

196.          Kodali, BS. How to make epidurals work, Kuwait Anesthesia Refresher Courses, Kuwait City, Kuwait. 2011.

197.          Kodali, BS. Morbidly obese pregnant women, Kuwait Anesthesia Refresher Courses, Kuwait City, Kuwait. 2011.

198.          Kodali, BS. Airway work shop at Indian Society of Anesthesiology annual meeting, Mumbai, India. 2011.

199.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: What is new in Capnography for 2011, Indian Society of Anesthesiology annual meeting, Mumbai, India. 2011.

200.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Recent advances in airway devices, Indian Society of Anesthesiology annual meeting, Mumbai, India. 2011.

201.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Recent advances in Obstetric Anesthesia, Indian Society of Anesthesiology annual meeting, Mumbai, India. 2011.

202.          Kodali, BS. Capnography: Where are we in 2011?, South of Ireland Annual Scientific Meeting. 2011.

203.          Kodali, BS. Difficult Airways in Obstetrics: Risk and Management?, South of Ireland Annual Scientific Meeting. 2011.

204.          Kodali, BS. Capnography: How to make best use of it, Department of Anesthesiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University of West Indies, Barbados. 2012.

205.          Kodali, BS. How is America Board of Anesthesiology examinations different from University of West Indies, Anesthesiology Examiners Meeting, University of West Indies, Barbados. 2012.

206.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: How to setup an Obstetric Analgesia unit for Labor and Delivery, 5th National Conference, Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, New Delhi, India. 2012.

207.          Kodali, BS. Oration Lecture: Obstetric Epidurals: Is ensuring patient safety the most difficult task?, 5th National Conference, Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, New Delhi, India. 2012.

208.          Kodali, BS. Moderator: Obstetric Labor Analgesia: Does education of anesthesia residents suffer in general anesthesia training?, 5th National Conference, Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, New Delhi, India. 2012.

209.          Kodali, BS. Labor Analgesia: Discussion on random topics Breakfast session, 5th National Conference, Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, New Delhi, India. 2012.

210.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Anesthesia Workshop: Labor epidurals: How do I do it?, Mumbai Anaethesioloigists Society (MASCON) 2012 – Basics and Beyond, World Anaethesia Day CME & Congress, Mumbai, India. 2012.

211.          Kodali, BS. Panel Discussion: Better be safe than sorry, Mumbai Anaethesioloigists Society (MASCON) 2012 – Basics and Beyond, World Anaethesia Day CME & Congress, Mumbai, India. 2012.

212.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Operating room efficiency, Mumbai Anaethesioloigists Society (MASCON) 2012 – Basics and Beyond, World Anaethesia Day CME & Congress, Mumbai, India. 2012.

213.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Physiology of Laparoscopy, Mumbai Anaethesioloigists Society (MASCON) 2012 – Basics and Beyond, World Anaethesia Day CME & Congress, Mumbai, India. 2012.

214.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Capnography: How to get the most of it, Mumbai Anaethesioloigists Society (MASCON) 2012 – Basics and Beyond, World Anaethesia Day CME & Congress, Mumbai, India. 2012.

215.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: When things go wrong in Obstetric Anesthesia...treading a safe path, Mumbai Anaethesioloigists Society (MASCON) 2012 – Basics and Beyond, World Anaethesia Day CME & Congress, Mumbai, India. 2012.

216.          Kodali, BS. Capnography: Where we should head?, Covidien – ASA Annual meeting on ‘Revealing a More Complete Picture – Putting the Power of Capnography and Pulse Oximetry with the Respiration Rate into your Hands’, Washington, DC. Sponsored by Covidien. 2012.

217.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Clinical diagnosis using capnography, Visiting Professor, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2013, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India. 2013.

218.          Kodali, BS. Lecture: Bleeding parturient for emergency LSCS. Visiting Professor, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE) 2013, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India. 2013.

219.          Kodali, BS. Lecture on Morbidly obese pregnant women Anesthetic implications, One-day Visiting Professor, Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India. 2013.

220.          Kodali, BS. What did we learn from obstetric airway that is applicable to routine clinical anesthetic practice?, Chinese Society of Anesthesiologists 21st Annual Meeting, Meijiang Convention and Exhibition Center, Tianjin, China. 2013.

221.          Kodali, BS. Advisory Role to implement futuristic operating room functionality, Tianjin Chest Hospital, Tianjin, China. 2013.

222.          Kodali, BS. Workshop: Labor analgesia: How to troubleshoot epidurals, 6th National Conference, Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, Managalore, India. 2013.

223.          Kodali, BS. Moderator: Poster session and selection of best poster of the meeting, 6th National Conference, Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, Managalore, India. 2013.

224.          Kodali, BS. What Did We Learn From Obstetric Airway That is Applicable to Routine Clinical Anesthetic Practice?, 21st Annual Meeting of Chinese Society of Anesthesiology (SCA) 2013, China. 2013.

225.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Anesthesia: When Things Go Wrong…Treading a Safe Path, 47th Annual Turkish Anesthesia and Reanimation Society Meeting, Antalya, Turkey. 2013

226.          Kodali, BS. Capnography: How to get the most from it?, 47th Annual Turkish Anesthesia and Reanimation Society Meeting, Antalya, Turkey. 2013

227.          Kodali, BS. Expanded Uses of Capnography, Tata Memorial Centre (TMC) National Conference, Mumbai, India. 2013.

228.          Kodali, BS. Sedation should not be given during fiberoptic intubation of a difficult airway, Tata Memorial Centre (TMC) National Conference, Mumbai, India. 2013.

229.          Kodali, BS. ASA 2013 Difficult Airway Algorithm –What has changed?, Tata Memorial Centre (TMC) National Conference, Mumbai, India. 2013.

230.          Kodali, BS. Patient with a difficult airway for caesarean section, Tata Memorial Centre (TMC) National Conference, Mumbai, India. 2013.

231.          Kodali, BS. Pregnancy related airway changes - What did we learn to change our practice?, Tata Memorial Centre (TMC) National Conference, Mumbai, India. 2013.

232.          Kodali, BS. Over view of Videolaryngoscopes. Tata Memorial Centre (TMC) National Conference, Mumbai, India. 2013.

233.          Kodali, BS. Capnography: How do I use in clinical practice, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain. 2013.

234.          Kodali, BS. The future of anesthesia is in your hands: What are your obligations?, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Chennai, India. 2014.

235.          Kodali, BS. Invasive airway access, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Chennai, India. 2014.

236.          Kodali, BS. Media Committee Meeting, SOAP 46th Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 2014.

237.          Kodali, BS. Unanticipated difficult airway: Cannot Ventilate, Cannot Intubate, Ramachandra Advanced Airway Life Support in Association with All India Difficult Airway Association and A Difficult Airway Society of United Kingdom Chennai, India. 2014.

238.          Kodali, BS. Severe PIH with airway edema for emergency LSCS, Videolaryngoscopy Demonstration, Ramachandra Advanced Airway Life Support in Association with All India Difficult Airway Association and A Difficult Airway Society of United Kingdom Chennai, India. 2014.

239.          Kodali, BS. Thematic session – Safe Motherhood: Minimizing anesthesia-related maternal morbidity and mortality, 7th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, Varanasi, India. 2014.

240.          Kodali, BS. Myths, controversies and your questions, 7th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, Varanasi, India. 2014.

241.          Kodali, BS. Troubleshooting in labor analgesia, 7th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists, Varanasi, India. 2014.

242.          Kodali, BS. Capnography: What should you know?, Association of Anesthesiologists in Rajahmundry representing three medical schools, Rajahmundry, India. 2014.

243.          Kodali, BS. How to ensure safety of Obstetric Anesthesia, Association of Anesthesiologists in Rajahmundry representing three medical schools, Rajahmundry, India. 2014.

244.          Kodali, BS. Management of Obstetric hemorrhage, Association of Anesthesiologists in Rajahmundry representing three medical schools, Rajahmundry, India. 2014.

245.          Kodali, BS. Laparoscopic Surgery in Pregnancy, 6th Anesthesia & Critical Care (ACC) Conference, Ministry of Health, The State of Kuwait. 2014.

246.          Kodali, BS. What Did We Learn from Obstetric Airway That is Applicable to Routine Clinical Anesthetic Practice?, 6th Anesthesia & Critical Care (ACC) Conference, Ministry of Health, The State of Kuwait. 2014.

247.          Kodali, BS. Morbidly obese anesthesia – Morbidly obese pregnant woman, 6th Anesthesia & Critical Care (ACC) Conference, Ministry of Health, The State of Kuwait. 2014.

248.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Analgesia: How do I succeed in providing labor analgesia to meet expectations of the parturient?, 6th Anesthesia & Critical Care (ACC) Conference, Ministry of Health, The State of Kuwait. 2014.

249.          Kodali, BS. Exit procedure: What is it and when is this indicated?, 6th Anesthesia & Critical Care (ACC) Conference, Ministry of Health, The State of Kuwait. 2014.

250.          Kodali, BS. Massive transfusion: New Protocol: Are we on the right track, 6th Anesthesia & Critical Care (ACC) Conference, Ministry of Health, The State of Kuwait. 2014.

251.          Kodali, BS. Yesterday’s Luxury – Today’s Necessity: End Tidal Carbon Monoxide Monitoring During Conscious Sedation, 62nd Annual National Conference of Indian Society of Anesaesthesiologists, Madurai, India. 2014.

252.          Kodali, BS. Safety and Obstetrics Anesthesia, 62nd Annual National Conference of Indian Society of Anesaesthesiologists, Madurai, India. 2014.

253.          Kodali, BS. Capnography: Where are we now? Where are we heading? Covidien Canadian Association of Anesthesia meeting, Sponsored by Covidien. St-John’s, Newfoundland, Canada. 2014.

254.          Kodali, BS. Intrauterine Fetal Surgery – Anesthetic Implications, CARE/Rainbow/Axon Group Hospitals, Hyderabad, India. 2015.

255.          Kodali, BS. Pulse Oximetry and Capnography, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Ramachandra University, Chennai, India. 2015.

256.          Kodali, BS. Management of a Patient with Massive Blood Loss, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Ramachandra University, Chennai, India. 2015.

257.          Kodali, BS. Moderator of panel discussion, Global Practices – Local Applicability – Thematic Panel on Labour Analgesia & Beyond,

258.          Kodali, BS. Labour Analgesia – Overview, 8th National Conference of Association of obstetric Anaesthesiologists, 1st World obstetric Anaesthesia Congress, Hyderabad, India. 2015.

259.          Kodali, BS. Expert Panel, LA techniques: Video demonstration and interaction with the expert panel, 8th National Conference of Association of obstetric Anaesthesiologists, 1st World obstetric Anaesthesia Congress, Hyderabad, India. 2015.

260.          Kodali, BS. Expert Panel, LA techniques: Trouble shooting – Making your block safe and effective, 8th National Conference of Association of obstetric Anaesthesiologists, 1st World obstetric Anaesthesia Congress, Hyderabad, India. 2015.

261.          Kodali, BS. Expert Panel, LA techniques: Audience demand – Questions!, 8th National Conference of Association of obstetric Anaesthesiologists, 1st World obstetric Anaesthesia Congress, Hyderabad, India. 2015.

262.          Kodali, BS. Expert Panel, LA techniques: Convinced for regional, now has Wet Tap and PDPH!, 8th National Conference of Association of obstetric Anaesthesiologists, 1st World obstetric Anaesthesia Congress, Hyderabad, India. 2015.

263.          Kodali, BS. Operating room efficiency matrix, Geetanjali Medical College & Hospital (GMCH), Udaipur (Rajasthan), India (Boston GMCH CME). 2015.

264.          Kodali, BS. Traditional versus new transfusion protocols for obstetric hemorrhage. Which is better?, Geetanjali Medical College & Hospital (GMCH), Udaipur (Rajasthan), India (Boston GMCH CME). 2015.

265.          Kodali, BS. What did we learn from obstetric airway studies that can be applied to our clinical practice?, Geetanjali Medical College & Hospital (GMCH), Udaipur (Rajasthan), India (Boston GMCH CME). 2015.

266.          Kodali, BS. Preeclampisa (HELLP) – Panel discussion, Geetanjali Medical College & Hospital (GMCH), Udaipur (Rajasthan), India (Boston GMCH CME). 2015.

267.          Kodali, BS. Grand rounds lecture: Capnography: The current status., Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Salzburg General Hospital, Paracelsus Medical University (PMU), Salzburg, Austria. 2015.

268.          Kodali, BS. Is maternal temperature rise during neuraxial labor analgesia a physiological process due to decreased pulmonary ventilation?, The International Symposium - Obstetric Anesthesia - Effect on Mother and Newborn. Budapest, Hungary. 2015.

269.          Kodali, BS. Labor analgesia in a morbidly obese parturient, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India. 2016.

270.          Kodali, BS. Malignant hyperthermia, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India. 2016.

271.          Kodali, BS. Understanding ETCO2. Tip for an Anesthesiologist, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Nasik, India. (CME Workstation & Obstetric Anesthesia). 2016.

272.          Kodali, BS. Anesthetic management of patient with Antepartum hemorrhage coming for LSCS. How do I do it?, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Nasik, India. (CME Workstation & Obstetric Anesthesia). 2016.

273.          Kodali, BS. Anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Nasik, India. (CME Workstation & Obstetric Anesthesia). 2016.

274.          Kodali, BS. Moderator: Case discussion to seek your opinion, Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Nasik, India. (CME Workstation & Obstetric Anesthesia). 2016.

275.          Kodali, BS. Invited Speaker: Laparoscopic Surgery in Pregnancy, The 13th International Annual Meeting of Indonesian Society of Obstetric Anesthesia, Indonesian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine – The 5th Indonesian Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists Congress, Jakarta, Indonesia. 2016.

276.          Kodali, BS. Invited Speaker: Safety and Obstetric Anesthesia, The 13th International Annual Meeting of Indonesian Society of Obstetric Anesthesia, Indonesian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine – The 5th Indonesian Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists Congress, Jakarta, Indonesia. 2016.

277.          Kodali, BS. Invited Speaker: Operating Room Efficiency Matrix, The 13th International Annual Meeting of Indonesian Society of Obstetric Anesthesia, Indonesian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine – The 5th Indonesian Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists Congress, Jakarta, Indonesia. 2016.

278.          Kodali, BS. Invited Speaker: What Did We Learn from Obstetric Airway That is Applicable to Routine Clinical Anesthetic Practice, The 13th International Annual Meeting of Indonesian Society of Obstetric Anesthesia, Indonesian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine – The 5th Indonesian Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists Congress, Jakarta, Indonesia. 2016.

279.          Kodali, BS. Chairperson, Session VI: Obstetric Anaesthesia, 32nd International Annual Conference, Egyptian Anesthesia 2016, Egyptian Society of Anesthesiologists, Cairo, Egypt. 2016.

280.          Kodali, BS. Invited Speaker Lecture: Laparoscopic Surgery in Pregnancy, 32nd International Annual Conference, Egyptian Anesthesia 2016, Egyptian Society of Anesthesiologists, Cairo, Egypt. 2016.

281.          Kodali, BS. Invited Speaker Lecture: Morbidly Obese Pregnant Woman, 32nd International Annual Conference, Egyptian Anesthesia 2016, Egyptian Society of Anesthesiologists, Cairo, Egypt. 2016.

282.          Kodali, BS. Morbidly Obese Pregnant Women, 10th Conference of Obstetric and Gynecological Anesthesia, Beijing, China. 2016.

283.          Kodali, BS. Minimizing Anesthesia Related Maternal Morbidity and Mortality, 25th Indian Society of Anesthesia Conference (ISCON, AP), Kurnool, AP, India. 2016.

284.          Kodali, BS. Capnography – What we have learnt from past 30 years, 25th Indian Society of Anesthesia Conference (ISCON, AP), Kurnool, AP, India. 2016.

285.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Anesthesia Workshop, 9th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesia, AOA-MASCON 2016, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Society, Leelavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, India. 2016.

286.          Kodali, BS. Labor Analgesia: Primum Nocere, 9th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesia, AOA-MASCON 2016, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Society, Leelavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, India. 2016.

287.          Kodali, BS. Labor Analgesia- Safety First, 9th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesia, AOA-MASCON 2016, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Society, Leelavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, India. 2016.

288.          Kodali, BS. Why Difficult Airway is More Difficult in Obstetric Patients?, 9th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesia, AOA-MASCON 2016, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Society, Leelavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, India. 2016.

289.          Kodali, BS. Panel Discussion: Labor analgesia, 9th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesia, AOA-MASCON 2016, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Society, Leelavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, India. 2016.

290.          Kodali, BS. Panel Discussion: How do we practice in private practice settings?, 9th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesia, AOA-MASCON 2016, Mumbai Anesthesiologists Society, Leelavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, India. 2016.

291.          Kodali, BS. Labor Analgesia Workshop, 64th Indian Society of Anesthesia National Annual Meeting (ISACON 2016), Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 2016.

292.          Kodali, BS. Equipment for labor analgesia, 64th Indian Society of Anesthesia National Annual Meeting (ISACON 2016), Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 2016.

293.          Kodali, BS. Expert Panel: Case scenarios, 64th Indian Society of Anesthesia National Annual Meeting (ISACON 2016), Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 2016.

294.          Kodali, BS. Expert Panel: Managing Controversies of in labor analgesia, 64th Indian Society of Anesthesia National Annual Meeting (ISACON 2016), Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 2016.

295.          Kodali, BS. Expert Panel: Capnography – Practical Implications, 64th Indian Society of Anesthesia National Annual Meeting (ISACON 2016), Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 2016.

296.          Kodali, BS. Expert Panel: Pearls for success in labor analgesia practice, 64th Indian Society of Anesthesia National Annual Meeting (ISACON 2016), Ludhiana, Punjab, India. 2016.

297.          Kodali, BS. The goal of the obstetricians and anesthesiologists is same (Optimum maternal and neonatal outcome) – How to achieve it?, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. 2016.

298.          Kodali, BS. Monitoring in Anesthesia, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India. 2017.

299.          Kodali, BS. Physiology of CO2 Transport, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India. 2017.

300.          Kodali, BS. Difficult Airway in Obstetrics- Current guidelines, Ramachandra Anesthesia Continuing Education (RACE), Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India. 2017.

301.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric Anaesthesia, Kovai Medical Center and Hospital, Coimbatore, India. 2017.

302.          Kodali, BS. Invited Lecture: Three decades of capnography, 64th Annual Meeting of Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists, Kobe, Japan. 2017.

303.          Kodali, BS. Invited Lecture: What did we learn from obstetric airway?, 64th Annual Meeting of Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists, Kobe, Japan. 2017.

304.          Kodali, BS. Why some mothers bleed and some don’t?, 10th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anaesthesiologists, Bengaluru, India. 2017.

305.          Kodali, BS. Obstetric anesthesia: How, where, and when it can go wrong?, 10th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anaesthesiologists, Bengaluru, India. 2017.

306.          Kodali, BS. Speaker: Capnography in ICU, 21st Alexandria Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Conference, Alexandria Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (ASAIC), Alexandria University, Egypt. 2017.

307.          Kodali, BS. Speaker: Obstetric Anaesthesia in Morbid Obese, 21st Alexandria Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Conference, Alexandria Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (ASAIC), Alexandria University, Egypt. 2017.

308.          Kodali, BS. Chairperson: The Role of ICU in Pregnant Subjects, 21st Alexandria Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Conference, Alexandria Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (ASAIC), Alexandria University, Egypt. 2017.

309.          Kodali, BS. Keynote Speaker: Making Obstetric Anesthesia Safer: What are the options we have?, 19th Annual Maharshtra State Anaesthesia Convention, Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists (ISACON), Nanded, India. 2017.

310.          Kodali, BS. Capnography, 26th Annual Conference of Indian Society of Andrha Pradesh, Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists (ISACON AP), Kakinada, India. 2017.

311.          Kodali, BS. Delegate, Acute renal shutdown in pregnancy, 65th Annual Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists Conference (ISACON), Kolkata, India. 2017.

312.          Kodali, BS. Delegate, Hemoglobinopathies in pregnancy, 65th Annual Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists Conference (ISACON), Kolkata, India. 2017.

313.          Kodali BS. Panel Discussion “ Contentious issues in Obstetric Anaeshesia”.  GANGA Medical Center Refresher Course, Coimbatore, India.

314.          Kodali BS. Surgical skills needed for anesthesia outside the OR. GANGA Medical Center Refresher Course, Coimbatore, India.

315.          Kodali BS. Ask the Experts? GANGA Medical Center Refresher Course, Coimbatore, India.

316.          Kodali BS. Optimizing outcomes in high-risk obstetrics. Panel Discussion. High Risk Obstetrics Continuing Medical Education. Hyderabad, India. 2018.

317.          Kodali BS. Near misses in obstetrics. Keynote Address. High Risk Obstetrics Continuing Medical Education. Hyderabad, India. 2018

318.          Kodali BS. Labor Analgesia Workshop. 11th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists. Jodhpur, India. 2018.

319.          Kodali BS. PDPH following central neuraxial block. Clinical update. 11th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists. Jodhpur, India. 2018

320.          Kodali BS. Ask Anything -PBLD. 11th National Conference of Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologists. Jodhpur, India. 2018

321.          Kodali BS. Workshop on Capnography. First European Pediatric Sedation Conference. Maastricht, Netherlands. 2018

 

 

 

 

Proffered Communications

 

  1. Bhavani Shankar K, Krishna S, Moseley H. Airway changes in pregnancy. Anesthesiology 1997; 87 suppl A895.
  2. Bhavani Shankar K, Bulich L, Datta S, Kral M. Airway changes in labor. Anesthesiology 1998; April SOAP suppl.
  3. Bhavani Shankar K, Wu Y, Tsen LC, Osathanondh R, Datta S. Thromboelastography in Pregnancy. Anesthesiology 1999; April SOAP suppl A67.
  4. Bhavani Shankar K, Malov S, Kannan S, Hurley R, Datta S. Efficacy of intermittent epidural flow for labor analgesia (A bupivacaine fountain in the epidural space). Anesthesiology 1999; April SOAP suppl A68.
  5. Wu Y, Bhavani Shankar K, Datta S. Hetastarch compromises blood coagulation at term pregnancy by inhibiting platelet as well as coagulation factor activity. Anesthesiology 1999; April SOAP suppl A90.
  6. Harnett MJP, Bhavani-Shankar K, Datta S. Thromboelastography in parturients receiving magnesium. Anesthesiology 2000;SOAP suppl A52.
  7. Bhavani Shankar K, Steinbrook R, Brooks DC, Datta S. Laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy - Is Invasive monitoring essential? Anesthesiology 2000; SOAP suppl A66.
  8. Amosu O, Bhavani Shankar K. Cerebral oxygenation during cesarean section. Anesthesiology 2000; SOAP suppl A85.
  9. Nelson P, Tsen LC, Bader AM, Bhavani-Shankar K(Kodali), Datta S, Segal S. Can epidural saline promote recovery from spinal anesthesia? Anesthesiology 2000; SOAP suppl A87.
  10. Harnett M, Tsen L, Datta S, Bhavani-Shankar K. In vitro fertilization induced changes in coagulation using thromboelastography. Anesthesiology 2000; ASA (September) suppl 1077.
  11. Bhavani-Shankar K, Bulich L, Kafiluddi R, Kral M, Datta S. Does labor and delivery induce airway changes?  Anesthesiology 2000;ASA (September) suppl A1072.
  12. Bhavani-Shankar K, Malov S, Hurley R, Datta S. Do rapidly administered intermittent epidural boluses provide better labor analgesia? Anesthesiology 2000; ASA (September) suppl A1071.
  13. Harnett M, S. Datta, K. Bhavani-Shankar. How does amniotic fluid affect coagulation? Anesthesiology 2001; SOAP suppl A45.
  14. Bhavani-Shankar K, W. Camann. General anesthesia for cesarean delivery. The status of current resident training and experience. Anesthesiology 2001; SOAP suppl A31.
  15. Bhavani Shankar K, Sobhana, Topulos G. Airway evaluation during labor using acoustic reflectometry. Anesthesiology 2001; ASA (October) suppl A1035.
  16. Hepner, DL, Bhavani-Shankar Kodali. Camann W, Harnett M, Segal S, Tsen LC. Supine position duration following an epidural blood patch. Anesthesiology 2002; SOAP suppl P103.
  17. Bhavani-Shankar Kodali, Camann W. Combined obstetric and anesthesia journal club series: A forum for collaboration. Anesthesiology 2002; SOAP suppl P12.
  18. Bhavani-Shankar Kodali. How do we educate our patients about Obstetric Anesthesia? (Animated Website: - www.painfreebirthing). Anesthesiology 2002; SOAP suppl P8.
  19. Tsen LC, Levin M, Hepner D, Kodali B, Martin R, Ginsberg E, Segal S. Complimentary and alternative medicine use in patients undergoing assisted reproductive technologies. Anesthesiology 2003; SOAP suppl A137.
  20. Frenk V, Camann W, Bhavani Shankar K. Regional anesthesia in parturients with low platelet counts. Anesthesiology 2003; SOAP suppl A55.
  21. Maddipati L, Armstrong B, Tsen L, Camann W, Bhavani Shankar K. Where do our patients obtain information about labor pain relief? Anesthesiology 2003; SOAP suppl A144.
  22. Kodali B, Luthra R, Camann W. Obstetric Anesthesia education – From labor rooms to the United Nations and World. Anesthesiology 2004; 100 (Supp 1):A15.
  23. O’Rourke N, Lemire S, Tsen LC, Dorfman S, Datta S, Kodali B. Quantitative and Qualitative relationship of platelets in pregnancy. Anesthesiology 2004; 100 (Supp 1):A68.
  24. Hepner DL, Tsen LC, Harnett M, Carabuena M, Camann W, Hart G, Kodali B. Indications for general anesthesia during cesarean section. 2004; 100 (Supp 1):A96.
  25. O’Rourke N, McElrath R, Baum A, Camann W, Kodali B. Planned cesarean delivery in a patient with Placenta accrete in the interventional radiology suite. Anesthesiology 2004; 100 (Supp 1):A137.
  26. Srinivasa V, Kodali BS, Bean T, Hartigan PM. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide difference during thoracoscopic surgery. Anesthesiology 2004; 101:A1556.
  27. Kaynar AM, Datta S, Kodali B. Effect of 2-Choloroprocaine on blood coagulation in pregnancy. Anesthesiology 2005; 102:5 (SOAP Supp) A61.
  28. O’Rourke N, Lee C, Kodali B, Harnett M. Efficacy of factor VII administration in parturient with factor VII deficiency. Anesthesiology 2005; 102:5:SOAP Supp) A98.
  29. Cappiello E, Lugo L, Kodali B, Hepner D, Harnett M, Tsen LC. A double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of calcium chloride for the augmentation of uterine tone following cesarean delivery. Anesthesiology 2006; 104 (Supp):A51.
  30. Silva V, Tsen LC, Wilkins-Haug L, Cappiello E, Kodali B. A Womb with a view: Anesthetic, obstetric, and neonatal care issues for in-utero fetal surgery. Anesthesiology 2006; 104(Supp):A12.
  31. O’Rourke N, Harnett M, Kodali BS. Coagulation status of blood used for epidural blood patch. Anesthesiology 2007; 107.
  32. Farber MK, Segal S, Dorfman, D, Fitzerald D, Kodali B. Comparison of activated clotting time, thromboelastogram, and Anti-Xa assay in detecting decline of therapeutic concentration of enoxaparin: An in-vitro study. SOAP 2008; A-8.
  33. Carabuena J, Minehart R, Kodali BS, Tsen L. An open-label, randomized, controlled trial of epidural space identification with the Episure ™ AutoDetect versus conventional syringe. SOAP 2008; A-113.
  34. Ori A, Kodali B, Segal S. ASRA guidelines for epidural analgesia in patients receiving low molecular weight heparin are unreliable in pregnant patients. SOAP 2008; A-129.
  35. Farber MK, Segal S, Dorfman, D, Fitzerald D, Kodali B. Comparison of activated clotting time, thromboelastogram, and Anti-Xa assay in detecting decline of therapeutic concentration of enoxaparin: ASA, 2008, Orlando.
  36. Mitchell K, Kodali BS. Use of PVI in the prediction of hypotension following spinal anesthesia. SOAP 2009; A-8.
  37. Kodali B, Zucconi T, Flanagan H. Sub-Specialty Specific Anesthesia Induction time in a Heterogeneous Teaching Institution. AACD Meeting, Tuscon, AZ 2010.
  38. Sadana, N, Farber M, Kaufman R, Kodali B. Traditional versus new transfusion protocol for obstetric hemorrhage. Which is better? SOAP 2010.
  39. Kodali B, Zucconi T, Flanagan H. Sub-Specialty Specific Anesthesia Induction time in a Heterogeneous Teaching Institution. ASA Meeting, San Diego, 2010.
  40. Vacanti J, Kodali BS, Johnston BA, Goldberger A. A novel approach to the unenviable task of completing postoperative visit. ASA Meeting, San Diego, 2010.
  41. Chow L, Farber M, Kodali BS. Comparison of disposable and non disposable sensors for measuring hemoglobin noninvasively. SOAP 2011.
  42. Kodali BS, Yacoubian S, D’Ambra M. Feels good, looks good. But why do obstetric epidurals fail? A novel simple 3D video model for YouTube. ASA Meeting, Chicago, 2011.
  43. Yacoubian S, Oxford C, Kodali BS. Cardiac output changes following epidural and combined spinal analgesia for labor and delivery. SOAP 2012.
  44. Chau A, Farber MK, Tsen L, Kodali BS, Liu X. The impact of noninvasive cardiac output monitoring on maternal hemodynamics during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia: a randomized controlled trial. SOAP Annual Meeting, Toronto 2014.
  45. Elterman KG and Kodali BS. Inability to thread the epidural catheter: a provocative hypothesis. SOAP Annual Meeting, Toronto 2014.
  46. Elterman KG and Kodali BS. Scientific Exhibition. Epidural technique. Inability to thread the epidural catheter: live demonstration on a card board model. American Association of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting. New Orleans
  47. Choi L, Brayanov J, Palanisamy A, Tsen, L, Kodali B. Is maternal temperature rise during labor analgesia a physiological process due to decreased pulmonary ventilation? SOAP. Gertie Marx Finalist, 2015.
  48. Philip J, Kodali BS, Drew BA, Preiss D, Gosnell JL. A Thermodynamic Breathing Sensor - A New, Noninvasive Method of Monitoring Ventilation. ASA Meeting, San Diego, 2015.
  49. Choi L, Brayanov J, Palanisamy A, Tsen, L, Kodali B. Is maternal temperature rise during labor analgesia a physiological process due to decreased pulmonary ventilation? ASA Meeting, San Diego, 2015
  50. Harvey B, Kodali B, Pentakota S. Comparison Of Non-invasive Monitoring Techniques During Intravenous Propofol-based Anesthesia: Respiratory Volume Monitoring Vs. Capnography. World Airway Management Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, 2015.
  51. Freeman J, Harvey B, Kodali B. Respiratory Volume Monitoring Proves Superior to Capnography in the Management of a Chronic Lung Disease Patient Undergoing Colonoscopy. SAMBA Case Report, Orlando, Florida, 2016.
  52. Harvey B, Kodali B. Comparison of non-invasive monitoring techniques during intravenous prpofol-based anesthesia: respiratory volume monitoring vs. capnography. IARS Meeting, San Francisco, California, 2016.
  53. Bernhardt A, Jespersen K, Kodali BS. Anatomy of epidural space. SOAP Abstract, Miami, FL. 2018.
  54. Luo J, Liang M, Xu X, Kodali BS, Zhou J. Association between gestational age and intrapartum hemorrhage during cesarean delivery. SOAP Abstract, Miami, FL. 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Narrative Report:

 

My Area of Excellence is Clinical Expertise, Clinical Research and Innovation with Significant Supporting activities in Administration and Institutional service and Special Merit in Education.

 

 

Before assuming the current position as Professor of Anesthesiology at University of Maryland Medical Center, I served as Interim Chair while simultaneously fulfilling my duties as an Attending Anesthesiologist and Vice Chair of Clinical Affairs for the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at Brigham & Women’s Hospital and an Associate Professor at Harvard Medical School. My experience encompasses 39 years in clinical anesthesia, 30 years in research, and 13 years in administrative leadership roles. I enthusiastically promote myself in the areas of clinical excellence, academic excellence, patient education, research, and administration and receive numerous honors and accolades in recognition of my unwavering commitment and invaluable contributions to anesthesiology.

 

My clinical responsibilities include provision of anesthesia care with a sub-specialty to thoracic, vascular, and obstetric patients, especially high-risk – many of which require intrauterine fetal intervention. My anesthesia care extends beyond the main operating rooms to outside of the main operating rooms. I also provide advice to faculty and residents wherever necessary.

 

As an exemplary teacher and educator, I am committed to teaching residents, fellows, and junior faculty via official monthly lectures and daily clinical interactions. In addition, I have given over 170 local, regional, national, and international presentations with topics covering obstetric anesthesia, coagulation, airway physiology, airway equipment, capnography, respiratory physiology, monitoring, and operating room efficiency. Every spring, I host a 4-hour Difficult Airway course as part of the Harvard Anesthesia Update. As well as being actively involved in national and international societies and their annual meetings, I review 15 national and international journals and am an external examiner for University of West Indies’ anesthesiology programs. I am also an expert reviewer for NIH.GOV grant review process for capnography related grant applications under Clinical Sciences and Biomedical Engineering.

 

Two educationally Significant Supporting Activities are my websites Capnography.com and Painfreebirthing.com – both designed and maintained by me. For over 25 years, I’ve been exploring and promoting the value of capnography and teaching a vast number of clinicians and others around the world through lectures, publications, and my teaching website www.capnography.com. I’ve earned the global reputation as the leading expert in capnography, and Capnography.com, which is equivalent to a textbook, is ranked number one on major search engines. I was instrumental in proposing a standard nomenclature for capnography that is currently used by Nunn’s Applied Respiratory Physiology, Miller’s Anesthesia and other leading text books. Painfreebirthing.com is a patient-oriented website intended to educate patients about labor and delivery and various pain relief methods available to women during labor and delivery. Many educational institutions, including SOAP, provide a link to this site for their patients. I’ve received several awards honoring both of these educational endeavors.

 

My research interests include, but are not limited to, capnography, physiology of pregnancy, airway changes during labor, laparoscopy during pregnancy, coagulation and blood transfusion, hemodynamic changes during cesarean delivery, and operating room efficiency. A unique feature of my research is that the findings have changed our understanding of physiology and our practice. My studies were first to focus on arterial to end-tidal gradients in pregnant women, physiology of laparoscopy in pregnant women, airway changes in labor, and evaluate the efficacy of high plasma to RBC ratio for transfusions, etc. I actively continue clinical research in obstetric anesthesia and aortic cross-clamping as well as mentor fellows and residents, two of which won the prestigious ‘Gertie Marx Resident Award’ for their research work.

 

In September, 2014, my administrative duties expanded from Vice Chair of Clinical Affairs to Interim Chair of the Department. As Interim Chair, I lead all aspects of the Department’s enterprise, serve as the spokesperson for anesthesia faculty and staff, and represent the Department in interactions with the hospital and practitioners throughout the state and nation. Responsibilities include overseeing faculty recruitment, appointments, and evaluation, faculty promotions, educational, clinical and research programs, mentoring leadership, fiscal planning and management, and short- and long-term strategic planning. I steered the department from a negative budget in 2014 to a positive budget surplus in 2015 by careful fiscal planning, financial negotiations and strategic changes in staff deployment during this period, and laid down a firm foundation for the new chair to build upon.

 

As Vice Chair of Clinical Affairs, I oversee the provision of anesthesia clinical care services, which includes 60 locations (300 staff and residents). This multifaceted job encompasses the execution of short- and long-term strategies for improving overall anesthesia services. This includes overseeing and monitoring resident’s ACGME requirements of case numbers, working hours, and clinical competence. One of my major achievements is fostering better relationships between OR nurses, support staff, and anesthesiologists with bi-annual interdepartmental breakfasts. Also of note, I spearheaded two initiatives that considerably improved OR efficiency: 1) a complete overhaul of the anesthesia technician work force with revised job description supplemented with training to help anesthesiologists start cases in a timely manner, and 2) a comprehensive study of subspecialty first case on time (FCOT) starts identifying needs in order to achieve institutional targets.

 

Over the years, I have made other considerable clinical innovations in the field of anesthesiology. In Barbados, I modernized anesthesia infrastructure and troubleshooted problems that are inherent to small developing islands, such as high humidity affecting equipment. During my tenure at BWH, I’ve made several changes in infrastructure, such as equipment availability and layout, staff coverage, building anesthesia offices, command centers, and work rooms, improving standards, information management, that have lead to safer, more efficient anesthesia care. I established the nation’s first anesthesia services to the Advanced Multimodality Image Guided Operating Suite (AMIGO) and established and implemented the Perioperative Information Management System (PIMS) project and staff training. Presently, I’m implementing changes to decrease turn over time (TOT) in the operating room, leading EPIC implementation in anesthesiology services in the operating rooms in BWH, and participating in the design of the new OR complex.

 

My international training and commitments have afforded me a worldly wisdom that impassions me to improve global standards in anesthesia: specifically, 1) making capnography during anesthesia a standard in underdeveloped countries and 2) making obstetric anesthesia safe in India and other countries. For example, as a result of my numerous lectures, discussions, and training workshops in India, many institutions, including small private practices, now use capnography, and the government has sanctioned changes, and continues to do so, mandating the use of capnography. Because I’m recognized as an expert in obstetric anesthesia, I am regularly invited to events and workshops to bring about safety awareness. Prestigious institutions recognize me for my contributions as an academician and clinician. I have been a Scientific Advisor for the National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologist since 2015, and 1st World Obstetric Anesthesiology Congress, India.

 

Accomplishments as Clinical Director and Vice Chairman

 

  1. FCOT 38 to 70%
  2. Establishment of Anesthesia office in PACU
  3. Establishment of Work Room in the middle of OR complex
  4. Anesthesia techs – Set up room to start the cases
  5. 24/7 anesthesia tech coverage
  6. Video laryngoscope introduction across operating rooms, obstetric and out of the operating room areas
  7. Introduction of Capnography for codes
  8. Introduction of Video laryngoscope /Bronchoscopes for Codes
  9. Implementation of two electronic records
  10. Oversee beginning of Satellite FOXBORO clinical operations
  11. Oversee beginning Satellite Faulkner Hospital operations
  12. Initiated Anesthesia nursing collegial relationship processes
  13. Moving all gas lines up over to ceiling in old operating rooms to facilitate unimpeded movement of personnel providing care
  14. Establishment of anesthesia command center in the main operating room complex
  15. Preservation of two faculty offices in OR complex
  16. Establishment of two lounges for anesthesia department
  17. Refurbishing call rooms at L2
  18. Enhancement of Anesthesia Department corridor face look
  19. Establishment of AMIGO services
  20. Train OR anesthesia floor leaders and providing few of them Harvard Business School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital Leadership Program to understand value based clinical care
  21. Reinstatement of SRNA program, when in crisis
  22. Initiation and establishment of Simulation Program of for Residents to fulfill CRICO
  23. Initiation and establishment of Nursing, Surgery, and Anesthesia combined simulation program to train residents in training the value of team work and fostering interpersonal respect.
  24. Anesthesia outside the operating rooms: The anesthesia equipment, anesthesia cart and backup equipment at all outside of the operating room locations have been upgraded to the same standards in the operating room. This also includes the availability of anesthesia technician, video laryngoscope, and fiber optic bronchoscope.  As far as anesthesiology service is concerned, there is no difference between operating room and outside the operating room locations.

 

Clinical Coverage:

 

1998 to present: Obstetric Anesthesia

 Obstetric Anesthesia daytime coverage

Weekday night calls

Weekend coverage day and night calls

Teaching and training residents and fellows during the day and night

 

Thoracic Anesthesia operating room coverage:

1998 to 2014

 

Out of the OR operating rooms and main ORs including AMIGO

1998 to present

Chief of Obstetric Anesthesia Division, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21201

 

 

 

Narrative Report:

 

My Area of Excellence is Clinical Expertise, Clinical Research and Innovation with Significant Supporting activities in Administration and Institutional service and Special Merit in Education.

 

 

I currently serve as Interim Chair while simultaneously fulfilling my duties as an Attending Anesthesiologist and Vice Chair of Clinical Affairs for the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at Brigham & Women’s Hospital and an Associate Professor at Harvard Medical School. My experience encompasses 39 years in clinical anesthesia, 30 years in research, and 13 years in administrative leadership roles. I enthusiastically promote myself in the areas of clinical excellence, academic excellence, patient education, research, and administration and receive numerous honors and accolades in recognition of my unwavering commitment and invaluable contributions to anesthesiology.

 

My clinical responsibilities include provision of anesthesia care with a sub-specialty to thoracic, vascular, and obstetric patients, especially high-risk – many of which require intrauterine fetal intervention. My anesthesia care extends beyond the main operating rooms to outside of the main operating rooms. I also provide advice to faculty and residents wherever necessary.

 

As an exemplary teacher and educator, I am committed to teaching residents, fellows, and junior faculty via official monthly lectures and daily clinical interactions. In addition, I have given over 170 local, regional, national, and international presentations with topics covering obstetric anesthesia, coagulation, airway physiology, airway equipment, capnography, respiratory physiology, monitoring, and operating room efficiency. Every spring, I host a 4-hour Difficult Airway course as part of the Harvard Anesthesia Update. As well as being actively involved in national and international societies and their annual meetings, I review 15 national and international journals and am an external examiner for University of West Indies’ anesthesiology programs. I am also an expert reviewer for NIH.GOV grant review process for capnography related grant applications under Clinical Sciences and Biomedical Engineering.

 

Two educationally Significant Supporting Activities are my websites Capnography.com and Painfreebirthing.com – both designed and maintained by me. For over 25 years, I’ve been exploring and promoting the value of capnography and teaching a vast number of clinicians and others around the world through lectures, publications, and my teaching website www.capnography.com. I’ve earned the global reputation as the leading expert in capnography, and Capnography.com, which is equivalent to a textbook, is ranked number one on major search engines. I was instrumental in proposing a standard nomenclature for capnography that is currently used by Nunn’s Applied Respiratory Physiology, Miller’s Anesthesia and other leading text books. Painfreebirthing.com is a patient-oriented website intended to educate patients about labor and delivery and various pain relief methods available to women during labor and delivery. Many educational institutions, including SOAP, provide a link to this site for their patients. I’ve received several awards honoring both of these educational endeavors.

 

My research interests include, but are not limited to, capnography, physiology of pregnancy, airway changes during labor, laparoscopy during pregnancy, coagulation and blood transfusion, hemodynamic changes during cesarean delivery, and operating room efficiency. A unique feature of my research is that the findings have changed our understanding of physiology and our practice. My studies were first to focus on arterial to end-tidal gradients in pregnant women, physiology of laparoscopy in pregnant women, airway changes in labor, and evaluate the efficacy of high plasma to RBC ratio for transfusions, etc. I actively continue clinical research in obstetric anesthesia and aortic cross-clamping as well as mentor fellows and residents, two of which won the prestigious ‘Gertie Marx Resident Award’ for their research work.

 

In September, 2014, my administrative duties expanded from Vice Chair of Clinical Affairs to Interim Chair of the Department. As Interim Chair, I lead all aspects of the Department’s enterprise, serve as the spokesperson for anesthesia faculty and staff, and represent the Department in interactions with the hospital and practitioners throughout the state and nation. Responsibilities include overseeing faculty recruitment, appointments, and evaluation, faculty promotions, educational, clinical and research programs, mentoring leadership, fiscal planning and management, and short- and long-term strategic planning. I steered the department from a negative budget in 2014 to a positive budget surplus in 2015 by careful fiscal planning, financial negotiations and strategic changes in staff deployment during this period, and laid down a firm foundation for the new chair to build upon.

 

As Vice Chair of Clinical Affairs, I oversee the provision of anesthesia clinical care services, which includes 60 locations (300 staff and residents). This multifaceted job encompasses the execution of short- and long-term strategies for improving overall anesthesia services. This includes overseeing and monitoring resident’s ACGME requirements of case numbers, working hours, and clinical competence. One of my major achievements is fostering better relationships between OR nurses, support staff, and anesthesiologists with bi-annual interdepartmental breakfasts. Also of note, I spearheaded two initiatives that considerably improved OR efficiency: 1) a complete overhaul of the anesthesia technician work force with revised job description supplemented with training to help anesthesiologists start cases in a timely manner, and 2) a comprehensive study of subspecialty first case on time (FCOT) starts identifying needs in order to achieve institutional targets.

 

Over the years, I have made other considerable clinical innovations in the field of anesthesiology. In Barbados, I modernized anesthesia infrastructure and troubleshooted problems that are inherent to small developing islands, such as high humidity affecting equipment. During my tenure at BWH, I’ve made several changes in infrastructure, such as equipment availability and layout, staff coverage, building anesthesia offices, command centers, and work rooms, improving standards, information management, that have lead to safer, more efficient anesthesia care. I established the nation’s first anesthesia services to the Advanced Multimodality Image Guided Operating Suite (AMIGO) and established and implemented the Perioperative Information Management System (PIMS) project and staff training. Presently, I’m implementing changes to decrease turn over time (TOT) in the operating room, leading EPIC implementation in anesthesiology services in the operating rooms in BWH, and participating in the design of the new OR complex.

 

My international training and commitments have afforded me a worldly wisdom that impassions me to improve global standards in anesthesia: specifically, 1) making capnography during anesthesia a standard in underdeveloped countries and 2) making obstetric anesthesia safe in India and other countries. For example, as a result of my numerous lectures, discussions, and training workshops in India, many institutions, including small private practices, now use capnography, and the government has sanctioned changes, and continues to do so, mandating the use of capnography. Because I’m recognized as an expert in obstetric anesthesia, I am regularly invited to events and workshops to bring about safety awareness, and time after time I am recognized by prestigious institutions for my contributions as an academician and clinician, like my most recent nomination as Scientific Advisor for the 2015 8th National Conference of the Association of Obstetric Anesthesiologist and 1st World Obstetric Anesthesiology Congress, India.

 

Accomplishments as Clinical Director and Vice Chairman

 

  1. FCOT 38 to 70%
  2. Establishment of Anesthesia office in PACU
  3. Establishment of Work Room in the middle of OR complex
  4. Anesthesia techs – Set up room to start the cases
  5. 24/7 anesthesia tech coverage
  6. Video laryngoscope introduction across operating rooms, obstetric and out of the operating room areas
  7. Introduction of Capnography for codes
  8. Introduction of Video laryngoscope /Bronchoscopes for Codes
  9. Implementation of two electronic records
  10. Oversee beginning of Satellite FOXBORO clinical operations
  11. Oversee beginning Satellite Faulkner Hospital operations
  12. Initiated Anesthesia nursing collegial relationship processes
  13. Moving all gas lines up over to ceiling in old operating rooms to facilitate unimpeded movement of personnel providing care
  14. Establishment of anesthesia command center in the main operating room complex
  15. Preservation of two faculty offices in OR complex
  16. Establishment of two lounges for anesthesia department
  17. Refurbishing call rooms at L2
  18. Enhancement of Anesthesia Department corridor face look
  19. Establishment of AMIGO services
  20. Train OR anesthesia floor leaders and providing few of them Harvard Business School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital Leadership Program to understand value based clinical care
  21. Reinstatement of SRNA program, when in crisis
  22. Initiation and establishment of Simulation Program of for Residents to fulfill CRICO
  23. Initiation and establishment of Nursing, Surgery, and Anesthesia combined simulation program to train residents in training the value of team work and fostering interpersonal respect.
  24. Anesthesia outside the operating rooms: The anesthesia equipment, anesthesia cart and backup equipment at all outside of the operating room locations have been upgraded to the same standards in the operating room. This also includes the availability of anesthesia technician, video laryngoscope, and fiber optic bronchoscope.  As far as anesthesiology service is concerned, there is no difference between operating room and outside the operating room locations.

 

Clinical Coverage:

 

1998 to present: Obstetric Anesthesia

 Obstetric Anesthesia daytime coverage

Weekday night calls

Weekend coverage day and night calls

Teaching and training residents and fellows during the day and night

 

Thoracic Anesthesia operating room coverage:

1998 to 2014

 

Out of the OR operating rooms and main ORs including AMIGO

1998 to present

 

Accomplishments as Clinical Director and Vice Chairman

 

  1. FCOT 38 to 70%
  2. Establishment of Anesthesia office in PACU
  3. Establishment of Work Room in the middle of OR complex
  4. Anesthesia techs – Set up room to start the cases
  5. 24/7 anesthesia tech coverage
  6. Video laryngoscope introduction across operating rooms, obstetric and out of the operating room areas
  7. Introduction of Capnography for codes
  8. Introduction of Video laryngoscope /Bronchoscopes for Codes
  9. Implementation of two electronic records
  10. Oversee beginning of Satellite FOXBORO clinical operations
  11. Oversee beginning Satellite Faulkner Hospital operations
  12. Initiated Anesthesia nursing collegial relationship processes
  13. Moving all gas lines up over to ceiling in old operating rooms to facilitate unimpeded movement of personnel providing care
  14. Establishment of anesthesia command center in the main operating room complex
  15. Preservation of two faculty offices in OR complex
  16. Establishment of two lounges for anesthesia department
  17. Refurbishing call rooms at L2
  18. Enhancement of Anesthesia Department corridor face look
  19. Establishment of AMIGO services
  20. Train OR anesthesia floor leaders and providing few of them Harvard Business School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital Leadership Program to understand value based clinical care
  21. Reinstatement of SRNA program, when in crisis
  22. Initiation and establishment of Simulation Program of for Residents to fulfill CRICO
  23. Initiation and establishment of Nursing, Surgery, and Anesthesia combined simulation program to train residents in training the value of team work and fostering interpersonal respect.
  24. Anesthesia outside the operating rooms: The anesthesia equipment, anesthesia cart and backup equipment at all outside of the operating room locations have been upgraded to the same standards in the operating room. This also includes the availability of anesthesia technician, video laryngoscope, and fiber optic bronchoscope.  As far as anesthesiology service is concerned, there is no difference between operating room and outside the operating room locations.

 

 

Feedback from 10 Year Vice Chairmanship

 

From the Chairman

Dear Colleagues,

 

After spending nearly 10 years in clinical administration, including the critical year he served as Interim Chair that set the stage for our current success, Dr. Bhavani Kodali has asked to step down from his role as the Vice Chair for Clinical Affairs. Dr. Kodali will focus his efforts on leading the CRICO premium reduction program that will be expanded from periodic crisis management simulation to include team-based exercises. He has also taken the lead on developing targeted training for our residents to help them prepare for the OSCE portion of the ABA’s new Applied Examination that will begin in 2018 . Over the coming months, Dr. Kodali will transition his clinical administrative responsibilities to Drs. Monica Sa Rego and Stan Shernan.

 

Please join me in offering your heartfelt thanks to Dr. Kodali for all he has done to help lead the Department.

 

Bhavani, thank you. We owe you a debt of gratitude for all you have done for us.

 

From Anesthesiology Staff:

Bhavani – you have a huge number of friends at BWH and I’m proud to be one of them. Huge thanks (and a personal one) for all of your help and support and education and everything that makes you special. 

Omid Farokhzad MD

Thank you for everything that you have done and all that you do!

You’re amazing clinically and administratively and I’ve learned so much for you in both regards.

Robert Jason Yong MD

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Nice e-mail, Bhavani, completely agree with what Jim mentions below!

We owe you a lot for stabilizing our department during the transition year.

Looking forward to working many more years with you!

David Hepner MD, Associate Director, Preanesthetic Test Center

_____________________________________________________________________________________

 

Best of luck Dr Kodali, thank you for all your efforts.  I think you'll be awesome in whatever you do. 

Lalitha Sunder Raman MD

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Bhavani, you helped us through difficult transitions.  Thank you for all your hard work. 

Best of luck with your new areas of focus. 

Beverly Philp MD

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Thank you so much for all your help and guidance – I’ve always appreciated your knowledge, leadership, and clinical skills since I was a resident – looking forward to working with you on the simulation programs.

Marc Piementel MD

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Thanks for all of your efforts- the OR is a much better place as result.  I look forward to seeing great innovations in Simulation.

Dennis Orgill MD, Professor of Surgery

_____________________________________________________________________________________

 Thank you for the note. It has always been an honor to work with you. I suspect I will be asking your advice often.

Robert Lekowski MD, Program Director

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Thank you for your leadership Bhavani . I am glad you will still be available for advice.

Stan Shernan MD, Director of Cardiac Anesthesia and Executive Vice Chairman

 _____________________________________________________________________________________

I believe old soldier never fades away.

Jay Zhou, Director Information Services, Anesthesiology

_____________________________________________________________________________________

A wise man's presence is always there, it never fades. You thought us tirelessly and we will continue to reach out to you for wisdom, so don't you even dare thinking that you are fading :). You have a warm place in our hearts.

Assia Valovska MD

_____________________________________________________________________________________

I can’t imagine this place without you doing all that you do. You are greatly loved (yes...even by me!) and I am giving you a virtual hug right now.

Wendy Gross MD, Director of Outside the Operating Room Anesthesia

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Dear Bhavani, you will be missed. Thank you for all your hard work and endless support throughout the last years,

All the best!

Martin Zammert MD

Director of Vascular Anesthesia and Renal Transplant

_____________________________________________________________________________________

You have been such a wonderful friend, colleague, mentor and leader to us through good and challenging times! We cannot thank you enough for your shared unfading wisdom, experience and for "carrying the world upon your shoulders" for us!

https://youtu.be/A_MjCqQoLLA

(an interesting archive recording - the real song starts a minute later:)

Looking forward to working with you on the next adventure, my friend!

Kamen Valassakov MD, Director of Orthopedics and Regional Anesthesia

_____________________________________________________________________________________

You are a gentleman and a scholar. I am privileged to call you my colleague.

Linda Aglio MD, Director of Neuro Anesthesiology

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Bhavani - I’d say I’ll miss you, but I know you’ll still be around to work with and proffer advice. Instead of goodbye: Congratulations! You won’t have to deal with a constant deluge of crap!

In all seriousness, I appreciate your thoughtful guidance, insight, judgment, and restraint. I’m better for having worked with you, and I hope I can continue to do so going forward.

Joshua Vacanti MD

Director of Post Anesthesia Unit and Director of Operating Rooms

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Thank you so very much for your leadership, mentorship and great support for the past many many years during the challenging and non-challenging time. Fortunately you are still immediately available for us for providing advices and so forth.

Zhilling Xiong MD

Director of General Surgery Anesthesia and Urology

_____________________________________________________________________________________

This is terrible news for me to hear. I think you must know how much respect you command from me and everybody in this department, not just for your clinical abilities but for your fairness, level-headedness, and for being a grown-up when surrounded by people behaving like children. What I also know about you (that Chuck Vacanti also recognized), is your brilliant, creative problem-solving abilities.

Philip Hartigan MD

Director of Thoracic Anesthesia and Lung Transplant

_____________________________________________________________________________________

I learned a lot from you also Bhavani,  thank you for hard and stressful work!

Hugh Flanagan MD

Director of Perioperative Areas

_____________________________________________________________________________________

 

You have such a profound and detailed understanding of the clinical operations in our department - I will truly miss your expertise and wisdom in handling any issues which arise. I am sure we will often be in touch :-)

Sacha Beutler MD, Associate Program Director of Residency Program

_____________________________________________________________________________________

It will be our loss, indeed. Your steady hand on the tiller for the last few years has made the OR a better place. We will all miss your clinical acumen and administrative insight.

Good luck with the simulation, but I hope we continue to catch sight of you from time to time.

David Brooks MD, Associate Professor of Surgery and Surgical Liaison to Operating Rooms.  Program Director of The Brigham and Women’s Advanced Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) Fellowship

 

Sorry to hear you are changing your role. Good for you, bad for us. You have been such a great support to the Infection Prevention and Control Department. Please let me know if I can help you with anything in the future.

Adriana Cecchini RN, Brigham and Women's Hospital Infection Prevention and Control

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Feedback on Brigham and Women’s Hospital Distinguished Award:

Bhavani,

First of all, let me congratulate with your recent award for distinguished clinician at BWH. I am wondering why I am not surprised.

Carlo Pancaro, M.D.

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Obstetrics

Director of Obstetric Anesthesiology

University of Michigan Health Systems

Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Obstetric Anesthesiology

L3622 University Hospital South

1500 East Medical Center Drive SPC 5278

Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5278

(734) 763-2436

(734) 763-3354 FAX

 

I try not to do a lot of email expressions of emotion. But since I am on vacation and missed your Distinguished Clinician Ceremony, I thought I had to say something. I just hope that you know what high esteem and respect you command from virtually every member of this department and from all surgeons who know you. The fact that you have risen above the unseemly fray of administrative politics only further elevates my opinion of you. Hope you get a big fat bonus with that award, but I seriously doubt it.

Philip Hartigan MD, Director of Thoracic Anesthesia

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Congratulations

Sarah Kent M

Since the Distinguished Clinician awards are today 5-7pm and our deserved Dr. Kodali is among them, I want to advance the CPC meeting to allow people to attend the awards.

Stewart Chritton MD

Director, Clinical Practice Committee

Just saw the email-congratulations on being awarded the "distinguished clinician award". Well deserved.

 

Sujatha Pentakota MD

Congratulations Bhavani! Very much deserved. 

Jochen Muehlschlegel MD

Cardiac Genome Lab

Congratulations Bhavani!!!

Marc Pimentel MD

Quality Assurance Associate Director

Congratulations!

You deserve the award

Monica Sa Rego MD, Clinical Director

That's wonderful Bhavani!  Much deserved!

Ron Hurley MD, Executive Director

And the best news of the day is that Bhavani is receiving a Distinguished Physician award! That's wonderful Bhavani---congratulations!!

Michaela Farber MD, Director of Obstetric Anesthesiology Fellowship

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:) agree, that's the best news!

Congratulations Bhavani!

Miha Podovei MD

 

Congratulations!!!!!!!!! Very proud of you .

Regards

Professor Anjan Trikha MD, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

Dearest Dr BHAVANI,

I wish to congratulate you for your new award The Distinguished  Clinician's Award.I am proud to be a friend&co worker to you in JIPMER ,Pondicherry.I pray God to grant  you more&more awards.

Yours friendly ever

SGK MURTHY, Amalapuram

Dear Dr.Bhavani Shankar Kodali,

My hearty congratulations on your Distinguished Clinician Award!

As a pioneer in the field of Capnography, and as a dedicated Faculty at Brigham and Women's Hospital, you truly deserve many such awards!

I have recently returned from India after participating in a few resuscitation workshops as visiting faculty. 

Let us keep in touch. Pl.let me know if you are planning to visit Chicago in the near future.

 

Warm regards,

Vemuri S.Murthy, MD MS FAHA FICS

President, Global Resuscitation Consulting, LLC

Member, AHA International Committee

Past Chairman, Dept. of Anesthesiology, West Suburban Medical center, Oak Park, IL

Dear sir, 
Congratulations.  We are all so proud of you.

 

Professor Aruna Parameswari MD

Ramachandra Medical University, Chennai, India

 

Hello Bhavani...

Congratulations....

We are proud of you....

You have brought laurels to our country.

Regards

Professor G L Ravindra MD, Karnataka, India

Very happy to read this mail.

YOU DESERVED...!

Hearty congratulations and best wishes..

Regards,

Sunil Pandya MD,

Medical Director, Director, Anaesthesia, Pain and Surgical Intensive Care,

Century Hospital, Hyderabad, India (www.centuryhospital.in)

Organizing Secretary, 8th Annual Conference of AOA India and 1st World Obstetric Anaesthesia Congress, Hyderabad, 2015.

Hon. Secretary, Association of Obstetric Anaesthesiologists, India (www.aoaindia.com)

Hon. Secretary, Society of Obstetric Medicine, India

EC member, Obstetric Anaesthesia Society Asia Oceania (OASAO)

 

Programme director, Post doctoral fellowship in Anaesthesia for High risk Obstetrics, Consultant, Dept. of Anaesthesia, Obstetric Critical care and Pain medicine,Fernandez Hospital (Health care for Women and the Newborn), www.fernandezhospital.com

Director, Prerna Anaesthesia and Critical Care Services Pvt Ltd (www.prernaanaesthesia.com)

Hyderabad, India

I learned about your achievement as the most distinguished clinician. You aptly deserve the award. Please accept my congratulations and good luck. May you serve more and reach greater heights.

Regards

Ketan Parikh MD, Founder President, AOA Mumbai, India

Wow

Tons of congratulations to u 

You are really amazing 

So very proud of u

U have made all Indians proud 

Need a big party for this 

When are you visiting india?

Shilpa Kasodekar MD, Founder Secretary, AOA, Mumbai India

Congratulations Bhavani….you absolutely, positively deserve this, and it was a distinct pleasure nominating you!  You are an exceptional anesthesiologist, leader, colleague and friend.  I value your friendship!  

We will put notice of this in the newsletter!  

Cheers, Lawrence

Lawrence Tsen, MD, Director of Faculty Development

Bhavani,

 

You are a superb anesthesiologist and a fine human being. Congratulations!

I am proud to be your colleague.

 

Professor James Rathmell MD

Chairman, Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

 

Just wanted to say congrats on your award. It was extremely well deserved! Thanks for all of your mentorship, guidance, and teaching over the years!

 

-Alice

Mary Vijjeswarapu MD

 

Congratulations!!!!

Vesela Kovacheva MD

Love ya!

> Angelina

Angelina Mavropoulos MD

 

Hearty congratulations on u getting "distinguished clinician" award.

Selva Raja MD, Coimbatore, India

 

 

Hi Bhavani

A proud moment for a dear friend...we bask in your glory! An award well earned and deserved...

Congratulations 

Best Wishes

Professor Sunanda Gupta MD

Geetanjali Medical University, Udaipur, India

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Dear Sir 

Namaste,

We are very proud of you

 

Dr SSC Chakra Rao 

President ISA (National) 2014

Secretary ISA 2009-11

Founder Family Benevolent Fund

Formerly Adl Director of Medical & Health Services. AP Hyderabad 

Presently 

Managing Director

Care Emergency Hospital 

Kakinada 533001.

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