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Encyclopedia of Capnograms

Capnograms

 

Group 1 - Click here for the following capnograms

Normal adult capnograms

Pregnant capnograms

Capnograms in infants and children

Airway obstruction / Bronchospasm

Ventilation

Normal ventilation

Spontaneous ventilation

Hyperventilation

Hypoventilation

IMV

Apnea

Ripple effect

Curare cleft

 

Group 2 - Click here for the following capnograms

Rebreathing capnograms

Bain circuit/Mapelson D

Exhausted soda lime

Inspiratory valve malfunction

Expiratory valve malfunction

Metabolic capnograms

Malignant hyperpyrexia

Hypothermia

Cardiac output and capnograms

 

Group 3 - Click here for the following capnograms

Equipment malfunction

Sampling leaks

Valve malfunctions

Exhausted soda lime

Circuit disconnection

Partial disconnection of main-stream CO2 sensor

Slow response analyzers

zeroing monitor

warming up monitor

Dilution of end-tidal carbon dioxide by FGF

 

Group 4 - Click here for the following capnograms 

Esophageal intubation

Lung transplantation

Severe kyphoscoliosis

Endobronchial intubation

Downward sloping phase III-Emphysema

 

Group 5

Air Embolism

Thrombo Embolism

Carbon dioxide Embolism