Bhavani kodali.jpg

 

 

 

Curriculum Vitae

 

Part I: General Information

 

Date:

January 2008

 

Name:

Bhavani Shankar Kodali

 

Office Address:

Department of Anesthesiology

Brigham and Women’s Hospital,

75 Francis Street,

 Boston, MA 02115

 

Home Address:

 

 

Email:

bkodali@partners.org

Kodali@zeus.bwh.harvard.edu

 

Education:                             

 

1976    M.B.B.S

JIPMER, University of Madras, India

1981    MD

JIPMER, University of Madras, India

(Anesthesiology)

 

Postdoctoral training:

 

1977

Compulsory rotating Internship, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India

1978-81

Anesthesia resident, JIPMER, India

1993-94

Internship at MetroWest Medical Center,

Framingham, MA, USA.

1994-95

Anesthesia Resident,

Brigham and Women’s Hospital,

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

1996-98

Anesthesia Resident,

Brigham and Women’s Hospital,

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

1994-1995

1996-1998

Clinical Fellow in Anaesthesia,

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

1998

Fellow in Obstetric Anesthesia,

(6 months)

Brigham and   Women’s Hospital,

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

           

Licensure and Certification:

 

1978

Full Medical practice license in India

1982

Full Medical practice license in Guyana

1983   

Full Medical practice license in Barbados

1992   

ECFMG certification

1993

FLEX certification

1996

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Registration and Discipline in Medicine.

1999

American Board of Anesthesiology Certification

 

Academic Appointments:

 

1981-82

Senior Registrar, JIPMER,

Pondicherry, India.

1986-93

Associate Lecturer

University of West Indies, Barbados.

9/1998 – 12/1998

Instructor of Anaesthesia

Harvard Medical School. Boston, MA

1/1999- 12/2002

Assistant Professor of Anaesthesia

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

2003-

Associate Professor of Anaesthesia

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

 

Hospital or Affiliated Institution Appointments: 

 

1981-82

Senior Resident in Anesthesiology,

JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

1982 -1983

Anesthesiologist, McKenzie Hospital,

Guyana Mining Enterprise,

Linden, Guyana, South America

1983 -1985     

Senior Registrar in Anesthesia,

Queen Elizabeth Hospital,

Barbados, West Indies

1985 - 1993                

Attending Anesthesiologist,

Queen Elizabeth Hospital,                             

Barbados, West Indies

1995 - 1996

Attending Anesthesiologist,

Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies

1998

Staff Anesthesiologist,

Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

 

 

 

 

Major Administrative Responsibilities:

 

1982-1983

Chief of Intensive Care Unit.

Linden Hospital,

Guyana Mining Enterprise Hospital,

Guyana, South America

1989-1993

Senior Consultant,

Queen Elizabeth Hospital,

Barbados, West Indies

 

Major Committee Assignments:

 

            Guyana Mining Enterprise Hospital, Linden, Guyana

 

1982-1983

Intensive Care Committee. Chief person responsible for establishing a four bed Intensive Care Unit at Linden,

 

            Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies.

 

1988-1993      

Intensive Care Nurses training Committee - Teacher/Examiner

1988-1993                  

Advisor to the Hospital Equipment Purchase Committee (Anesthesia)

1987-1993

Advisor to the Committee responsible for refurbishing operating rooms and establishment of Intensive Care Unit under World Bank loan in Barbados.

1985-1993

Advisor for recruiting personnel to the Department of Anesthesia from Overseas

 

            Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

 

2000-2005

Transfusion Committee Member

2003-2005

Director, Clinical Competency, Faculty Development, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine.

2005-

Member of staff Recruiting Committee, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine

2005-6

Member of Brigham and Women’s Physicians Organization Award Selection Committee

2006-

Associate Clinical Director, Department of Anesthesiology

 

National Committee Appointment:

 

2002-2007

Appointed by the President Elect of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) to the Subcommittee on Equipment, Monitoring, and Engineering Technology to oversee the implementation of the goals of the Society.

 

Professional Society involvement:

           

1978-1993

Indian Society of Anaesthetists, Member

1983-  

Barbados Society of Anaesthetists; Member

1985-

National Association of Critical Care Medicine, India; Member

1987-1994

Association of Anaesthetists of Gr. Britain and Ireland; Member

1994-  

American Society of Anesthesiologists; Member

1994-

International Anesthesia Research Society; Member

1994-  

Massachusetts Society of Anesthesiologists; Member

1998-

Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology; Member

 

Community Service Related to Professional Work:

 

            Barbados

 

1984   

Medical Coordinator for First International Barbados Marathon run.  Member of emergency medical team providing emergency care to participants of initial events of “International Marathon runner” competition in Barbados.   Emergency care was necessary for several visitors who were extensively dehydrated due to lack of acclimatization to tropical climate. In later years, better acclimatization by the participants to tropical climate, and training of emergency physicians to provide care, did not require anaesthesia group participation

 

1992

Key participant in Public Education

 

Participated in a short video film on “Educating the public regarding Anaesthesia”, produced by Government Information Service of Barbados, 1992.  This TV program was televised on the Island’s television network twice so far.

 

2007

Educational interview for public television, ETV India, on obstetric anesthesia for pain free delivery. Can be viewed at http://www.mychildbirth.us/Telugu/etvinterview.htm

 

Editorial Boards:

 

1996-

Consultant Reviewer:  Capnography related articles for “Anesthesia and Analgesia”

2001

Guest Editor: "Anesthesia And Analgesia

2002-

Reviewer for Capnography related articles for "Anesthesiology"

2002-

Appointed as referee to “European Journal of Anaesthesiology"

2002-

Appointed as referee to “Postgraduate Medicine.”

2007-

Appointed as referee to “Chest”

2007-

Reviewer for Journal Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques

2007-

Reviewer for International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia

 

Awards and Honors:

 

1981

Indian Society of Anaesthetists (Pondicherry Branch) medal for outstanding anesthesia resident.

1992

British Journal of Anesthesia International Scholarship for the year 1992.

1997

Foundation of Anesthesia Education and Research (FAER) scholar 1997.

2002

'Awards in Excellence" presented by the Faculty of Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Pain Medicine for outstanding contribution.

2002

“Special Award” presented by the “Postgraduate Assembly in Anesthesiology” for exhibit entitled “Education in the new millennium” at the Annual Meeting held in New York, December 6th – 10th, 2002.

2004

Teacher of the Year Award”

2004

Brigham and Women’s Physician Organization (BWPO) “Clinical Innovation Award”. This award is presented to the outstanding contributions to the Brigham and Women’s clinical community in the area of clinical innovation.

2007-2008

Selected by the Brigham and Women’s Hospital to undergo the first cohort executive leadership training program. This is an intensive executive training program designed and conducted by Harvard Business School, Boston, MA to provide future leadership a organization

 


Part II:            Research, Teaching, and Clinical Contributions

 

A:  Narrative Report of Clinical Practice:

 

Brigham and Women’ Hospital:

 

            As a fellow in Obstetric anesthesia, I was a team leader in assigning day to day clinical responsibilities to residents in the labor and delivery section as well as operating room division.  In addition, I was actively involved in the provision of anesthesia care to high risk obstetric patients as well as patients requiring In-vitro-fertilization.

 

            At the conclusion of obstetric anesthesia training, I was appointed as staff anesthesiologist at Brigham and Women's Hospital.  Major responsibility includes provision of anesthesia care (sub-specialty) to obstetric patients. Brigham and Women's being a high risk obstetric referral center, a substantial number patients fall into high risk category requiring anesthesia care during delivery. Recently, a new dimension to obstetric anesthesia care has been added, which is providing care to patients undergoing in-uterus fetal surgery.   

 

            In addition to subspecialty care of obstetric anesthesia, a portion of time is spent in providing anesthesia care in main operating rooms, which includes general surgical, thoracic and vascular patients, as well to patients out side of main operating room in areas such as in MRI and CT scan.

 

            As a member of transfusion committee, I was actively involved with other members in revising and implementing several policies in compliance with JACHO to enhance safety of transfusions in various circumstances. A protocol to facilitate rapid delivery of blood products to the obstetric operating rooms for hemorrhagic emergencies was facilitated during my tenure.

           

As a member of ‘Brigham and Women’s Physician Organization Recognition Award Committee’, I was required to select the most highly qualified and deserving candidate for an award in each category from several nominations received.

 

As ‘Associate Clinical Director, I am anesthesiologist in-charge for 45 operating room locations being covered by residents, fellows and staff anesthesiologists. The clinical duties include providing advice and backup where needed, and generally the first person to be called upon when anesthesia problems occur. In addition, it involves huge responsibility of coordinating surgeons, nurses, anesthesiologists and technical force. Several times, it is also required to intervene and prevent personality and management conflicts that are expected to arise when managing such a large group of operating location personnel. 

 

 

B. Funding Information

 

Years covered

Funding source

PI/Co-PI

Grant Title

1998-1999

Abott Inc.

PI

Do rapidly administered intermittent epidural boluses provide better labor analgesia?

 

1998-2000

Anesthesia Research Foundation

Co-PI

Arterial and end tidal CO2 difference during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy

1999-2005

Haemoscope Inc.

PI

Thromboelastography in parturients receiving magnesium

1999-2005

Haemoscope Inc.

Co-PI

In vitro fertilization induced changes in coagulation using thromboelastography

1999-2005

Haemoscope Inc.

PI

How does amniotic fluid affect coagulation?

1999-2005

Self

PI

Website - Capnography and Pain free birthing

2004-2006

Helena Laboratories

PI

The evaluation of a novel whole blood platelet function test in parturients with preclampsia.

2005-2006

Sentec AG

PI

Correlation between transcutaneous CO2 monitoring and arterial PaCO2

2005-2007

Cardiopulmonary Technologies, Inc.

PI

Evaluation of novel capnography techniques

2006-2008

Respronics Inc.

PI

Evaluation of non-invasive physiological parameters during aortic cross clamping

                                                           

C.  Report of Current Research Activities

 

Principal Investigator

Arterial to End-tidal Carbon Dioxide Differences during Anesthesia of Thoracoscopic Surgery - PI

Evaluation of a Novel Whole Blood Platelet Function Test in Parturients - PI

Anesthetic Considerations in Fetal Surgery - PI

Correlation between Transcutaneous CO2 Monitoring and Arterial PaCO2 - PI

Coagulation Profile of the Blood used for Epidural Blood Patch – PI

Low Platelets in Pregnancy. How Low is Good Enough? – PI

How do Pregnant Women obtain Information about Pain Relief Methods for Labor and Delivery? A Survey – PI

Evaluation of Non-Invasive Physiological Parameters during Aortic Cross Clamping – PI

 

Co-investigator:

Duration of the supine position after an epidural blood patch.

General anesthesia for cesarean delivery. What is the etiology?

Complementary and alternative medicine use in patients undergoing In-vitro Fertilization procedures.

Oxytocin versus calcium for uterine tone enhancement following cesarean delivery.

Evaluation of next generation of capnographs

 

 

C. Self Report of Teaching:

 

1 - Local Contributions:

 

C. Local invited teaching presentations

 

Grand Rounds:  Brigham and Women's Hospital

 


1996

Capnography in Clinical Practice

Lecturer: 100 participants, 2 hours contact time per year

5 hours prep time per year

1997   

Capnography

Lecturer: 100 participants, 2 hours contact time per year

5 hours prep time per year

1998

Clinical Conference on “Spinal after for failed epidural analgesia in Obstetrics”

Lecturer: 100 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

2 hours prep time per year

1998

Airway in pregnancy is as important to Obstetricians as to Anesthesiologists.

Lecturer: 50 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

6 hours prep time per year

1998

12 sessions of high risk weekly Obstetric anesthesia rounds--February 98 to July 98.

Lecturer: 18 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

2 hours prep time per year

1998-

70 clinical conferences / problem based learning sessions and lectures to Obstetric anesthesia residents and fellows at afternoon conferences.                       

Lecturer: 20 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

2 hours prep time per year

1998

Capnography in clinical practice

Lecturer: 100 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

5 hours prep time per year

1999

Coagulation issues in Obstetrics.

Lecturer: 100 participants, 2 hours contact time per year

4 hours prep time per year

1999

Capnography

Lecturer: 100 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

4 hours prep time per year

2000

Capnography

Lecturer: 100 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

4 hours prep time per year

2001

Lecture:  " Understanding Capnography via web"

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA

Lecturer: 90 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

6 hours prep time per year

2001

Learning capnography via Web.

Lecturer: 100 participants, 2 hours contact time per year

8 hours prep time per year

2002

Grand rounds lecture: "Capnography: What one should know" Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

Lecturer: 140 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

4 hours prep time per year Preparation time: 8 hours

140 Attendees.

2002

Clinical Conference: Anesthesia outside operating room

Teaching via animated gif. Files.

Lecturer: 100 participants, 2 hours contact time per year

12 hours prep time per year

2002

Clinical Conference:  Air in the Epidural Space

Presentation using gif. Files.  

Lecturer: 100 participants, 2 hours contact time per year

20 hours prep time per year

2002

Capnography: What one should know.

Preparation time: 4 hours

100 attendees

2003

Clinical conference on Anesthesia in the MRI suite for peritracheal mass ablation

Lecturer: 100 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

3 hours prep time per year

2003

Physiology of Capnography: Grand rounds

Lecturer: 100 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

6 hours prep time per year

2004

A whip of nitrogen or grain of salt.

Lecturer: 100 participants, 2 hours contact time per year

20 hours prep time per year

2006

Laparoscopic Surgery in Pregnancy

Lecturer: 100 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

3 hours prep time per year

2007

Introduction to Capnography

Lecturer: 40 participants, 1 hour contact time per year

3 hours prep time per year

 

The above listings are only major lectures / grand round lectures. The monthly lectures and weekly afternoon conference lectures that are attended by about 15 to 20 residents and fellows are not listed above. The topics cover wide range of obstetric anesthesia series.

 

2.         Regional, National or International contributions:

 

            a.         Invited Presentations

 

1986

Arterial to end-tidal CO2 difference during general anaesthesia for tubal ligation.  First Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1986

Halothane and topical cocaine/epinephrine: Is it safe in nasal surgery? First Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1986

Compensation for stress in marathon runners.  First Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1986

Can compressed air/oxygen replace N2O/oxygen in general anaesthesia.  First Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1987

Low dose ketamine for dilatation and curettage.  Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1987

A review of arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference during pregnancy. Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1987

Multicenter drug trial of "Diprivan", a new intravenous induction agent by ICI limited, UK.  Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1987

Lecture:  "Capnography".

Department of Anesthesia,

JIPMER

Pondicherry, India

1987

Assessment of Bain circuit in obese patients. Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1987

Carotid sinus hypersensitivity.  A case report. Second Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1988

Anesthesia Budget. Expenditure involved in staffing anesthesia department at Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados.  Third Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1988

Changes in serum potassium following Diprivan and succinylcholine.  Third Caribbean Anesthetists Conference - Barbados

1989

Lecture:  “Arterial to End-tidal CO2 difference in pregnancy

Department of Anaesthesia,

Mater Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

1990

End-tidal carbon dioxide estimations in pregnancy.  39th Indian Society of Anaesthetists Conference

1992

Lecture:  “Physiology and clinical applications of Capnography”

Department of Anesthesia,

Maricopa Medical Center,

Phoenix, Arizona, USA

1992

The computerized auditing of disposable anaesthetic equipment and anaesthetic drugs.  Deuxieme Journees Internationales d'anesthesie-reanimation.  Conference held in Martinique

1992

Conference presentation:  Monitoring a ventilated patient. Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetist Conference,

Barbados, West Indies

1993

Monitoring a ventilated patient.  Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetists Conference

1993

Cost evaluation for use of Isoflurane in low flow circuit with air and oxygen.  Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetists Conference

1993

Total Intravenous anaesthesia for day care surgery using propofol and diclofenac. Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetists Conference

1993

Fibreoptic bronchoscopy in management of difficult airway. Fourth Barbados Society of Anaesthetists Conference

1997

Lecture: “Clinical overview of Desflurane and its economic viability for developing island nations” Invitation by Zeneca Pharmaceuticals and Department of Anaesthesia, 

Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University of West Indies, Barbados, West Indies.

1998

Lecture:  "Capnography in Clinical Practice"

University of Medical and Dental School,

New Jersey

1999

Lecture:  "Monitoring coagulation disorders using thromboelastography" 

Anesthesiologists of Bombay, India

1999

Lecture:  "Thromboelastography in Pregnancy"

Addressed to Obstetricians of Bombay,

Oberoi Towers, Bombay, India.

1999

Lecture:  "Monitoring coagulation disorders using thromboelastography"

Anesthesiology and Cardiac surgery of Grant Hospital, Bombay, India

2000

Lecture:  "Capnography. What one should know" UTMB, Galveston, Texas

2000

Lecture:  “How to make your epidurals work”

Regional Anesthesia Update,

Royal Sonesta Hotel,

Cambridge, Boston, MA

2001

Lecture: "Capnography. Web based lecture using animations”.

Department of Anesthesiology

JIPMER, Pondicherry, India.

2001

Lecture:  "Capnography in Clinical Practice"

University of Medical and Dental School,

New Jersey

2001

General anesthesia for cesarean delivery. The status of current resident training and experience. Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology. (SOAP), San Diego

2002

Demonstration of the patient educational website on www.painfreebirthing.com

34th Annual meeting of Society of Anesthesiologists and Perinatalogy Conference,

Hilton Head, South Carolina, USA.

2002

How do we educate our patients about obstetric Anesthesia?  (Animated Website: - www.painfreebirthing). (SOAP), Hilton Head, South Carolina

2002

" Invited guest faculty. Indian Society of Anesthesiologists, Coimbatore, India

Lectures: 

"Capnography in laparoscopic surgery”

 “Anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy”

2003

Grand rounds lecture: 

"Capnography”.

Grand rounds lecture:

“Anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy”

Duke University Anesthesiology department, North Carolina.

2003

Texas Anesthesia Society Conference.

Predicting Difficult Airway in Obstetrical Patient.

The Role of Capnography in the Recognition and Management of Esophageal Intubation

Educating Parturients About Their Anesthetic Options.

2003

What is new in Obstetric Anesthesia.

Invited Guest Lecturer for invited audience compromising all Senior Professor and division chiefs in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.

Organized by Hyderabad Anesthesia group.

Hyderabad, India.

2003

ASA Panel case discussion.

Three case discussions on obstetric anesthesia practice

2004

RACE 2004 (Ramachandra Anesthesia continuing Education. Sponsored by Department of Anesthesia, Ramachandara Medical College, Madras, India.

1.      Capnography

2.      Perioperative management of thyroid surgery

3.      Case discussion: Parturient with critical mitral stenosis for cesarean delivery.

2004

Street Level Airway Conference. Fortworth, Texas

Capnography and its applications

2004

Obstetric anesthesia education – From labor rooms to the United Nations and World. (SOAP), Ft Myers, Florida

2005

Capnography (CO2 monitoring) is no longer the domain of anesthesiologists. CME meeting of JIPMER Alumni Association of North America, Sponsored by CME department of Victory Memorial Hospital, New York.

2005

Invited Professor, Pain Management and Sedation. The Cardinal Health Center for Medication Safety and Clinical Improvement. San Diego, California. l

2006

Invited Professor, Introduction of Desflurane in leading Indian Medical centers in India: Escorts Heart Institute and Research, Delhi; Gangaram Hospital, Delhi

2006

Invited Professor, Inaugural oration: Capnography-Evolution, Evaluation & Utility. At World anesthesia day celebration, October 14th,

North Eastern Mumbai Anesthesiologists Association conference (NEMAACON), Mumbai, India.

2006

Airway Assessment and Airway Workshop

NEMAACON, Mumbai, India

2006

Complications of laparoscopic surgery

NEMAACON, Mumbai, India

2006

Management of Hypotension during obstetric anesthesia

NEMAACON, Mumbai, India

2006

Visiting Professor Lecture at grand rounds: Complications of laparoscopic surgery.

Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India.

2007

RACE 2007 (Ramachandra Anesthesia continuing Education. Sponsored by Department of Anesthesia, Ramachandara Medical College, Madras, India.

1.      What is new in obstetric anesthesia

2.      Breakfast session on obstetric anesthesia and analgesia 

2007

Visiting Professor to Christian Medical College, Vellore, India

Capnography and its clinical applications

Obstetric anesthesia – a comprehensive review

2007

Management of hypotension during obstetric anesthesia

Visiting professor Lecture

Nizam’s Institute of Medical sciences, Hyderabad, India

2007

Physiology of Capnography, Visiting Professor Lecture, Care Group of Hospitals, Hyderabad, India

2007

Physiology of Capnography, Visiting Professor Lecture

Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India

2007

Bridging the gap between obstetricians and anesthesiologists

Visiting Professor lecture to obstetricians in the city of Hyderabad, Rainbow Hospital

 

           

b.      Professional and educational leadership role:

 

Consultant assignment to Government of St Lucia:

A part of a two member team invited by Government of St. Lucia for investigating bizarre cases of post-anaesthesia facial swelling in several patients.  A systematic interview of anaesthesiologists, nurses and technicians was conducted in addition to examination of anaesthetic practice, sterilization of non-disposable equipment and anaesthesia machines.  The problem was traced to airways and non-disposable endotracheal tubes.  The airways were sterilized using cidex for 30 minutes, which was followed by inadequate water washing and soaking (approx. 10 min). The problem was easily rectified by thorough washing, rinsing, and soaking in water twice the duration of glutaraldehyde contact.  
Part III:  Bibliography  

 

Original articles:

 

1.                  Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley HSL, Gopwani H, Clarke V, Sivarajan S. Ishmael R.  Halothane and topical cocaine/epinephrine: Is it safe in nasal surgery?  Asian Arch Anaesth Resus.  1986; 23:2:281-6.

2.                  Moseley HSL, Bhavani Shankar K, Krishnan A.  Flow requirements for Bain breathing circuit during anaesthesia for Caesarean section.  Can Anaesth Soc J 1986; 33:5:583-7.

3.                  Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Vemula V.  Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference during Caesarean section anaesthesia.   Anaesthesia 1986; 41:698-702.

4.                  Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y and Vemula V.  Physiological dead space during general anaesthesia for Caesarean section.  Can J Anaesth 1987; 34(4):373-6.

5.                  Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Vemula V, Krishnan A.  Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference during anaesthesia for tubal ligations.  Anaesthesia 1987; 42:482-6.

6.                  Moseley H, Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Rao PS, Homi J.  Should air-oxygen replace nitrous oxide-oxygen in general anaesthesia.  Anaesthesia 1987; 42(6):609-12.

7.                  Shankar KB, Moseley H.  Evaluation of induction properties of Diprivan (Propofol). Indian J Anaesth. 1988; 36(5):248-54.

8.                  Moseley H, Shankar KB, Kumar Y, Hallsworth R, Krishnan A.  Propofol: a new intravenous anesthetic. West Indian Med J. 1988; 37(3):229-31.

9.                  Shankar KB, Moseley H, Vemula V, Ramasamy M and Kumar Y.  Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference during anaesthesia in early pregnancy.  Can J Anaesth. 1989; 36(2):124-7.

10.              Bhavani Shankar K, Steinbrook RA, Mushlin PS, Freiberger D.  Transcutaneous PCO2 monitoring during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in pregnancy.  Can J Anaesth. 1998; 45(2):164-9.

11.              Bhavani Shankar K, Russell R,  Aklog L, Mushlin PS. Dual capnography facilitates detection of a critical perfusion defect in an individual lung.  Anesthesiology 1999; 90(1):302-4.

12.              Bhavani Shankar K, Philips JH. Defining Segments and Phases of a Time Capnogram. Anesth Analg. 2000; 91(4):973-7. 

13.              Bhavani Shankar K, Steinbrook R, Brooks DC, Datta S. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure difference during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy. Anesthesiology 2000; 93(2):370-3. 

14.              Harnett MJ, Datta S, Bhavani-Shankar K.  The effect of Magnesium on coagulation in parturients with preeclampsia.  Anesth Analg. 2001; 92(5):1257-60.

15.              Steinbrook RA, Bhavani-Shankar K. Hemodynamics during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy. Anesth Analg. 2001; 93(6):1570-1.

16.              Hepner D, Concepcion M, Bhavani-Shankar K.  Thromboelastography in patients receiving warfarin prophylaxis and epidural analgesia.  J Clin Anesth. 2002; 14(6):405-10.

17.              Harnett MP, Bhavani-Shankar K, Datta S, Tsen LC.  In-vitro fertilization induced alterations in coagulation and fibrinolysis as measured by thromboelastography.  Anesth Analg. 2002; 95:1063-66.

18.              Shankar KB, Posner M, Moore, FD Jr, O’Rourke, N. Laryngeal nerve monitoring during thyroid surgery in pregnancy. J Clin Anesth. 2005; 17(5):369-71.

19.              Harnett MJ, Hepner DL, Datta S, Kodali BS. Effect of amniotic fluid on coagulation and platelet function in pregnancy: an evaluation using thromboelastography. Anaesthesia. 2005; 60(11):1068-72.

20.              Felbinger TW, Posner, M, Eltzschig HK, Kodali BS. Laparoscopic splenectomy in a pregnant patient with immune thrombocytopenic purpura. International J Obst Anesth. 2007; 16:281-3.

21.              O’Rourke N, McElrath T, Baum R, Camann W, Tuomala R, Stuebe A, Kodali BS. Cesarean delivery in the interventional radiology suite: A novel approach to obstetric hemostasis. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104(5)1193-4.

22.              Kodali BS, Chandrasekhar S, Bulich L, Topulos G, Datta S. Airway changes during labor. Anesth. 2008, in press.

 

 

Reviews, Chapters, and Editorials

1.      Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y.  A Review of arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tensions difference during anaesthesia in pregnancy. Indian J Anaesth. 1988 Feb; 36(1): 2-12

2.      Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y.  End-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring and its clinical applications. Asian Archi Anaesth Resus. 1990; 32:41-54.

3.      Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y.  Capnography and its usefulness in the operating room.  Journal de la SMAAR 1991; 2:2-3.

4.      Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y and Delph Y.  Capnometry and anesthesia.  A Review Article.  Can J Anaesth. 1992; 39:617-32.

5.      Moseley H, Bhavani Shankar K, Kumar AY. Anaesthesia without nitrous oxide.  Postgraduate Doctor. 1992; 8(5):168-72.

6.      Bhavani Shankar K, Kumar AY, Moseley H, Hallsworth R.  Terminology and the current limitations of time capnography. A brief review. J Clin Monit. 1995; 11(3):175-182

7.      Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Mushlin PS, Hallsworth R, Fakoory M, Walrond ER.  Anesthesia in Barbados. Can J Anesth. 1997; 44:559-68.

8.      Bhavani Shankar K, Steinbrook RA. Anesthetic considerations for minimally invasive surgery.  In: Brooks DC, editor.  Current Review of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Third edition. Philadelphia: Current Medicine, Inc.  1999; p.28-40.

9.      Bhavani Shankar K. Anesthesia for cesarean section. In: Bader A, Datta S, editors.  Problems in Anesthesia.  Obstetric Anesthesia Volume 11, Number 3, Philadelphia, PA:  Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 1999.

10.  Shay DC, Bhavani-Shankar K, Datta S. Laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy. Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2001; 19(1):57-67.

11.  Srinivasa V, Gilbertson LI, Bhavani-Shankar K. Thromboelastography: where is it and where is it heading? Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2001; 39(1):35-49.

12.  Farraghar R, Bhavani Shankar K. Obstetric Anesthesia. In: Healy TEJ, Knight PR , editors. Wylie and Churchil Davidson’s: A Practice of Anesthesia. 7th Edition. London; Oxford University Press. 2003.

13.  Bhavani Shankar K, Lee-Paritz A. Anesthesia for pregnant obese parturients.  In: Anesthesia for High Risk Pregnancy. In: Datta S, editor. Anesthesia and Obstetric Management of High-Risk Pregnancy. Third edition, New York: Springer-Verlag. 2003; p.53-66.

14.  Srinivasa V, Kodali, BS. Capnometry in the spontaneously breathing patient. Curr Opin Anesth. 2004; 17:517-520.

15.  Khan HB, Kodali BS. Postoperative care after cesarean section and hysterectomy. OB/GYN special edition. 2005; 8:31-33.

16.  Hepner D, Kodali BS, Segal S. Pregnancy and complications of pregnancy. In: Fleisher LA, editor. Anesthesia and Uncommon Diseases.  5th edition, Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. 2006; p.547-582.

17.  Khan HB, Kodali BS. Postoperative pain after cesarean section. In: Pian-Smith MCM, Leffert L, editors. Obstetric Aneshesia (Pocket Medicine). Version: 1.10/2005.11.7, PocketMedicine.com. 2006.

 

Case reports/Clinical communications:

 

1.      Moseley HSL, Shankar KB, Krishnan A. A method of producing normocarbia during general anaesthesia for Caesarean section.  Anaesthesia 1985; 40:814.

2.      Shankar KB, Palkar NV, Nishkala R. Paraplegia following epidural potassium chloride. Anaesthesia 1985; 40:45-7.

3.      Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Vemula V, Krishnan A. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference. Anaesthesia  1987; 42:1338-9.

4.      Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Vemula V.  Arterial to endtidal carbon dioxide difference.  Anaesthesia 1987; 42:211-2.

5.      Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y, Ramasamy M.  Bain anesthetic system, gender and obesity index. Anaesthesia 1987; 42:444.

6.      Moseley H, Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Rao PS.  Air-oxygen mixtures.  Anaesthesia 1987; 42:1336-7.

7.      Shankar KB.  Deviations from international standards. Anaesthesia 1987; 42:444.

8.      Bhavani Shankar K.  High frequency jet ventilation and (a-E)PCO2 difference.  Anaesthesia 1987; 42:1124-5.

9.      Moseley H, Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Rao PS.  Air-oxygen mixtures. Anaesthesia 1988; 43:160-1.

10.  Moseley H, Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Rao PS, Homi J. Should air/oxygen replace nitrous oxide/oxygen in general anaesthesia. An abstract with comments from the editor. Survey Anesth. 1988; 32:2:97.

11.  Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Sam MacCoskie, Kumar Y.  Continuous flow ventilators in the ICU.  Brit J Anaesth. 1988; 60(1):117-8.

12.  Shankar KB, Moseley H, MacCoskie S, Kumar Y. IMV and work of breathing. Brit J Anaesth. 1988; 60:480.

13.  Shankar KB, Moseley H, Hassell TA, Sivarajan S.  Hypersensitive Carotid sinus.  Anaesthesia 1988; 43 (1):61.

14.  Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar A.  Prolonged bradycardia and hypotension after neostigmine administration in a patient receiving atenolol.  Anaesthesia 1988; 43:797-8.

15.  Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y.  Intranasal cocaine/adrenaline during halothane anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1989; 44(6):521.

16.  Shankar KB.  Ethics of intubation.  Anaesthesia 1989; 44:176.

17.  Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y.  Portable monitoring devices.  Anaesthesia 1990; 45(3):257.

18.  Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar AY.  Relationship between PaCO2-PETCO2 gradient and physiological dead space.  Can J Anaesth. 1991; 38(8):1072-4.

19.  Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar AY.  Negative arterial to end-tidal gradients.  Can J Anaesth. 1991; 38(2):260-1.

20.  Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar Y.  Oxygen cylinders on anaesthesia machines.  Brit J Anaesth. 1991; 66(5):628.

21.  Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar Y.  Cocaine, intranasal, during otolaryngologic surgery.  Survey Anesth. 1991; 35:114-5.

22.  Kumar AY, Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley HS, Delph Y.  Inspiratory valve malfunction in a circle system: pitfalls in capnography. Can J Anaesth. 1992; 39(9):997-9.

23.  Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar AY.  Ventilatory effects of laparoscopy under general anaesthesia.  Brit J Anaesth. 1992; 69(5):542-3.

24.  Shankar KB, Moseley H, Kumar AY.  Dual end-tidal CO2 monitoring and double-lumen tubes.  Can J Anaesth. 1992; 39(1):100.

25.  Kumar AY, Shankar KB, Moseley HSL.  Capnography does not reliably detect double-lumen endotracheal tube misplacement.  J Clin Monit. 1993; 9:207-8.

26.  Bhavani Shankar K.  Negative arterial to end-tidal CO2 gradients in children.  Can J Anaesth. 1994; 41(11):1125-6.

27.  Bhavani Shankar K, Hart N, Mushlin PS.  Negative pressure induced airway and pulmonary injury. Can J Anaesth. 1997; 44(1):78-81.

28.  Bhavani Shankar K, Kannan S.  Prevention of occlusion of sampling tubes in side-stream capnographs.  Can J Anaesth. 1997; 44(4):453.

29.  Bhavani Shankar K, Mushlin PS. Arterial to end-tidal gradients in pregnant subjects.  Anesthesiology. 1997; 87:1596-8.

30.  Bhavani Shankar K, Camann WR. The practice of using sevoflurane inhalation induction for emergency cesarean section and a parturient with no intravenous access. Anesthesiology. 1998; 88:275-6.

31.  Bhavani Shankar K. Salivary gland enlargement caused by chemical agents. Anesth Analg. 1999; 89(3):804.

32.  Kaynar AM, Shankar KB. Epidural infusion: Continuous or bolus? Anesth Analg. 1999; 89(2):534.

33.  Kaynar AM, Bhavani Shankar K, Mushlin PS.  Lingual hematoma as a potential cause of upper airway obstruction.  Anesth Analg. 1999; 89(6):1573-5.

34.  Harnett MJ, Miller AD, Hurley RJ, Bhavani-Shankar K. Pregnancy, labour and delivery in a Jehovah's Witness with esophageal varices and thrombocytopenia. Can J Anaesth. 2000; 47(12):1253-5.

35.  Bhavani-Shankar K, Lynch EP, Datta S. Airway changes during Cesarean hysterectomy. Can J Anaesth. 2000; 47(4):338-41.

36.  Russell R, Bhavani Shankar K, Mushlin P. Another application of dual-lung capnography. Anesthesiology. 2000; 92(1):288-9.

37.  Kodali, BS. www.capnography.com. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2001; 15(6):806-7.

38.  Kodali BS. www.capnography.com.  An animated website.  Anesth Analg. 2001; 93(5):1364.

39.  Shankar KB, Posner M. A normal capnogram despite esophageal intubation. Can J Anaesth. 2002; 49;(4)439.

40.  Mushlin PS, Kodali BS.  Learning capnography on the World Wide Web:  An educational resource for the new millennium.  Acta Anaesth Scand.  2002; 46(3):341.

41.  Bhavani Shankar K. Business cards and Anesthetic Practice. Anesth Analg. 2002; 95(1):257-8.

42.  Bhavani Shankar K, Mang A, Camann W. A new role for labor “support” personnel. Inter J Obstet Anesth 2003; 12:305.

43.  Panni SK, Camann W, Bhavani Shankar K. Hyperbaric therapy for a postpartum patient with prolonged epidural blockade and tomographic evidence of air. Anesth Analg. 2003; 97:1810-1

44.  Sreenivasa V. Hartigan P, Bhavani Shankar K. Evolving capnograms during lung transplantation. Anesth Analg. 2004; 98:1504.

45.  Frenk V, Camann W, Shankar KB. Regional anesthesia in parturients with low platelet counts. Can J Anaesth. 2005; 52:114.

46.  Kodali BS. Capnogram shape in obstructive lung disease. Anesth Analg. 2005; 101(5):1560.

47.  Camann W, Kodali BS. Comment: Maternal Maternal Insufflation during the second trimester equivalent produces hypercapnia, acidosis, and prolonged hypoxia in fetal sheep (Anesthesiology 2004; 101:1332-8). Obstet Anesth Digest. 2005; 68-9.

48.  Harnett M, Kodali BS. Thromboelastography® assessment of coagulation status in patients with lupus anticoagulant receiving heparin therapy. Int J Obstet Anaesth. 2006; 15(2):177-8.

49.  O’Rourke N, Lee C, Kodali BS, Harnett M. Thromboelastographic® monitoring of the efficacy of recombinant factor VIIa administration ina parturient with factor VII deficiency. Can J Anaesth. 2006; 53(5):528-9.

50.  Harnett MJ, Carabuena JM, Tsen LC, Kodali BS. Anesthesia for interventional radiology in parturients at risk of major hemorrhage at cesarean section delivery. Anesth Analg. 2006; 103(5):1329-30.

51.  Srinivasa V, Kodali BS. Caution when using colorimetry to confirm endotracheal intubation. Anesth Analag. 2007; 104(3):738-9.

52.  Srinivasa V, Kodali BS. Video on orotracheal intubation. N Engl J Med. 2007; 357(6):620.

 

 

Thesis:

 

            Kodali, BS. Oxygen saturation of hemoglobin after general anesthesia using IPPR. [dissertation] University of Madras, in partial fulfillment for the degree of MD, 1981

 

Nonprint Materials:

 

1.                  Anesthesia Video Film for Government Of Barbados: Participated in a short video film on “Educating the public regarding Anesthesia”, produced by Government Information Service of Barbados, 1992.

2.                  Multi-Media Presentation in Capnography: Comprehensive review on Capnography produced in computer software:  Madison- Avenue and Harvard Graphics: This is probably the first review on capnography in multimedia presentation format.

3.                  Television interview on obstetric anesthesia: Participated in a TV interview on “Educating the public regarding pain free labor and delivery”, produced by ETV, Hyderabad, India, 2007.

4.                  www.Capnography.com

            A website on capnography has been designed, produced and maintained with no sponsorship to provide a complete review on end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring during anesthesia and intensive care. This site uses several animations designed to explain underlying physical and physiological concepts of capnography in addition to highlighting clinical applications. This is an "All-In-One" on capnography. This capnography website has been reviewed by independent reviewers in "Anesthesiology (October 2001), British Journal of Anesthesia (October 2001), Journal of Neurosurgical anesthesiology (October 2001), Canadian Journal of Anesthesia (April 2003). It has been summarized as a great teaching contribution on capnography and being more advantageous than a text book.

5.         Web based patient education:  www.painfreebirthing.com

            Designed, programmed, and produced a website for pregnant women on pain free child birth options. This is the first site to use computer animation graphics to explain concepts of pain free child birth. The patients can access the information at home or in the labor and delivery suites equipped with computer Internet access such as ours. This patient educational website was demonstrated at a recently concluded Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology.

6.         Oberoi JS, Kodali BS. Management of postoperative pain in obstetrics and gynecology.  UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2007.

7.                  O’ Shea A, Kodali BS. Postoperative care after cesarean section and hysterectomy. OB/GYN special edition. 2006; 9:9-12.

8.                  O’Rourke, Bhavani-Shankar K.  Laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy. Curr Opin Anaesth. 2006; 19:254-9.

9.                  Oberoi JS, Kodali BS. Management of postoperative pain in obstetrics and gynecology. In: UpToDate, Rose, BD (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2007.

 

 

 

 

Abstracts:

1.      Bhavani Shankar Bhavani Shankar K, Krishna S, Moseley H.  Airway changes in pregnancy.  Anesthesiology 1997; 87 suppl A895.

2.      Bhavani Shankar K, Bulich L, Datta S, Kral M.  Airway changes in labor. Anesthesiology 1998;April SOAP suppl.

3.      Bhavani Shankar K, Wu Y, Tsen LC, Osathanondh R, Datta S.  Thromboelastography in Pregnancy. Anesthesiology 1999;April SOAP suppl A67.

4.      Bhavani Shankar K, Malov S, Kannan S, Hurley R, Datta S.  Efficacy of intermittent epidural flow for labor analgesia (A bupivacaine fountain in the epidural space). Anesthesiology 1999;April SOAP suppl A68.

5.      Wu Y, Bhavani Shankar K, Datta S.  Hetastarch compromises blood coagulation at term pregnancy by inhibiting platelet as well as coagulation factor activity. Anesthesiology 1999;April SOAP suppl A90.

6.      Harnett MJP, Bhavani-Shankar K, Datta S.  Thromboelastography in parturients receiving magnesium. Anesthesiology 2000;SOAP suppl A52.

7.      Bhavani Shankar K, Steinbrook R, Brooks DC, Datta S.  Laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy - Is Invasive monitoring essential? Anesthesiology 2000;SOAP suppl A66.

8.      Amosu O, Bhavani Shankar K.  Cerebral oxygenation during cesarean section. Anesthesiology 2000;SOAP suppl A85.

9.      Nelson P, Tsen LC, Bader AM, Bhavani-Shankar K(Kodali), Datta S, Segal S.  Can epidural saline promote recovery from spinal anesthesia? Anesthesiology 2000;SOAP suppl A87.

10.  Harnett M, Tsen L, Datta S, Bhavani-Shankar K.  In vitro fertilization induced changes in coagulation using thromboelastography. Anesthesiology 2000; ASA (September) suppl 1077.

11.  Bhavani-Shankar K, Bulich L, Kafiluddi R, Kral M, Datta S. Does labor and delivery induce airway changes?  Anesthesiology 2000;ASA (September) suppl A1072.

12.  Bhavani-Shankar K, Malov S, Hurley R, Datta S. Do rapidly administered intermittent epidural boluses provide better labor analgesia? Anesthesiology 2000;ASA (September) suppl A1071.

13.  Harnett M, S. Datta, K. Bhavani-Shankar. How does amniotic fluid affect coagulation? Anesthesiology 2001; SOAP suppl A45.

14.  Bhavani-Shankar K, W. Camann. General anesthesia for cesarean delivery. The status of current resident training and experience. Anesthesiology 2001; SOAP suppl A31.

15.  Bhavani Shankar K, Sobhana, Topulos G. Airway evaluation during labor using acoustic reflectometry. Anesthesiology 2001; ASA (October) suppl A1035

16.  Hepner, DL, Bhavani-Shankar Kodali. Camann W, Harnett M, Segal S, Tsen LC.  Supine position duration following an epidural blood patch. Anesthesiology 2002; SOAP suppl P103.

17.  Bhavani-Shankar Kodali, Camann W.  Combined obstetric and anesthesia journal club series:  A forum for collaboration. Anesthesiology 2002; SOAP suppl P12.

18.  Bhavani-Shankar Kodali.  How do we educate our patients about obstetric Anesthesia?  (Animated Website: - www.painfreebirthing). Anesthesiology 2002; SOAP suppl P8.

19.  Tsen LC, Levin M, Hepner D, Kodali, B, Martin R, Ginsberg E, Segal S. Complimentary and alternative medicine use in patients undergoing assisted reproductive technologies. Anesthesiology 2003; SOAP suppl A137.

20.  Frenk V, Camann W, Bhavani Shankar K. Regional anesthesia in parturients with low platelet counts. Anesthesiology 2003; SOAP suppl A55.

21.  Maddipati L, Armstrong B, Tsen L, Camann W, Bhavani Shankar K. Where do our patients obtain information about labor pain relief? Anesthesiology 2003; SOAP suppl A144.

22.  Kodali B, Luthra R, Camann W. Obstetric anesthesia education – From labor rooms to the United Nations and World. Anesthesiology 2004;100 (Supp 1):A15.

23.  O’Rourke N, Lemire S, Tsen LC, Dorfman S, Datta S, Kodali B. Quantitative and Qualitative relationship of platelets in pregnancy. Anesthesiology 2004;100 (Supp 1):A68.

24.  Hepner DL, Tsen LC, Harnett M, Carabuena M, Camann W, Hart G, Kodai B. Indications for general anesthesia during cesarean section. 2004;100 (Supp 1):A96.

25.  O’Rourke N, McElrath R, Baum A, Camann W, Kodali B. Planned cesarean delivery in a patient with Placenta accrete in the interventional radiology suite. Anesthesiology 2004;100 (Supp 1):A137.

26.  Srinivasa V, Kodali BS, Bean T, Hartigan PM. Arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide difference during thoracoscopic surgery. Anesthesiology 2004; 101:A1556.

27.  Kaynar AM, Datta S, Kodali B. Effect of 2-Choloroprocaine on blood coagulation in pregnancy. Anesthesiology 2005; 102:5 (SOAP Supp) A61.

28.  O’Rourke N, Lee C, Kodali B, Harnett M. Efficacy of factor VII administration in parturient with factor VII deficiency. Anesthesiology 2005; 102:5:SOAP Supp) A98.

29.  Cappiello E, Lugo L, Kodali B, Hepner D, Harnett M, Tsen LC. A double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of calcium chloride for the augmentation of uterine tone following cesarean delivery. Anesthesiology 2006; 104 (Supp):A51.

30.  Silva V, Tsen LC, Wilkins-Haug L, Cappiello E, Kodali B. A Womb with a view: Anesthetic, obstetric, and neonatal care issues for in-utero fetal surgery. Anesthesiology 2006; 104(Supp):A12.

31.  O’Rourke N, Harnett M, Kodali BS. Coagulation status of blood used for epidural blood patch. Anesthesiology 2007; 107.